The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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Perhaps though it reveals a desire to give the movement a social tinge by the
publication of the Manifesto : “ Open the prisons , disband the army , ” ! which
ends with this appeal to general sentiments : “ In sentry - boxes , in electric chairs
, men ...
The remedy is to be found in Asia , “ citadel of every hope , " love for which is
expressed in inflamed declarations : We are your faithful servants , O great Lama
, give us , send us your illumination , in a language which our contaminated ...
To what degree did this encounter give - does it give the impression of the
fortuitous , of the necessary ? ” The replies were to be discussed later on . In
addition Breton introduced the latest poetic productions of surrealism , notably
those of ...
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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
FOREWORD Maurice Nadeau
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