The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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DI For a long time I have felt the need to distinguish two contrasting ways of
grasping experience . On the one hand , a deepseated continuity appears to link
all things and all events and to lend them a significance that provokes our
Every morning he spent a good hour arranging one or two photographs , some
saucers , a few violets on a little lace - top table within reach of his hand . . . We
talked about Rimbaud ( whom he still detested ) , Apollinaire ( whom he had
26 Suddenly a piece of fruit , thrown by an unknown hand , flew through the air
and splattered on some official , while shouts of " Vive l ' Allemagne ! ” rang out .
The uproar quickly became general and turned into a riot . Philippe Soupault ...
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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
FOREWORD Maurice Nadeau
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