The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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... hope to act . We have only to find out what they are . Man torn between his reason - discredited but still arrogant- and an unknown realm which he feels to be the true source of his acts , his thoughts , his life , and which has been ...
... hope of a better individual life that produced the revolutionary , but on the contrary a life of voluntary renunciations and sacrifices . The communist psychology was false in attempting to produce revolutionaries by promising them an ...
... hope in these young men , the surrealists turned away from them . The question was elsewhere . And if Breton returned , in the Second Manifesto , to occultism and the Initiates , it was a long way from his methods to those of these ...
NOTE TO THE 1989 EDITION
THE POETS IN THE
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