The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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... individual activity . It even discusses , though this would prove more difficult to effect , the possibility of a common ideology with regard to the great problem of relations between individual and Revolution.2 Finally a parity ...
... individual or collective action to be de- termined thereby . Yet this letter , inquiring which individuals or groups the correspondents would seek common action with , 1 risked provoking troublesome personal reactions and thereby pre ...
... individual ac- tion which can only fall back into skepticism and poetry , whereas collective action alone is effective and , to this end , must be the enterprise of morally clean individuals . Each man present could feel himself singled ...
NOTE TO THE 1989 EDITION
THE POETS IN THE
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