The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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Action that will first of all be less anarchic , more effective ; no longer limited to
opposing official art , which will not continue to flourish any the less , but to attack
its leaders by name , to denounce them as " traitors ” to the cause of the mind and
They wanted , like Rimbaud , “ to knock at the doors of creation ” with , on the
strength of his experience , a few less illusions . After Rimbaud , it became
impossible not to appeal to the authority of his work , and the surrealists have
been his ...
These two conceptions , which assign the less and less frivolous conception of
love as the principal fundamental to moral as well as cultural progress , seem to
me in themselves of a nature to constitute the finest part of poetic activity as a ...
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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
FOREWORD Maurice Nadeau
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