The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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She tells herself stories, and lives them: "In fact, that is altogether the way I live."
After this first interview, there occurs a succession, a cascade of coincidences:
she arranges to meet him, does not come, yet Breton and Nadja keep meeting in
Whence a revolutionary individualism of mental omnipotence which by contagion
was to transform other men's thought and their very lives. Far from being
enclosed within the secrets of a "school,'' surrealism gave each man the means of
Long live the social Revolution, and it alone! We have a serious account to settle
with the mind, we are too uncomfortable in our thought, we suffer too painfully the
weight of the "styles" dear to M. Barbusse, to have the slighest attention to give ...
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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
foreword Maurice Nadeau
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