The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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He notes , first of all , the death of Dada , 12 and no longer accepts the notion of
following only stray impulses . 13 It is because Dadaism “ like so many other
things has been for some merely a way of sitting down ” that Breton breaks out of
On the other hand , those who possess a lively and rich inspiration henceforth
have the means of translating it into dazzling images , startling comparisons , of
performing , in fact , continuously and no longer in a momentary fashion , the act
From ti between the level of mind and that of facts : the surrealist Robert Desnos
was unwilling to become a communist , the communist Aragon could no longer
be a surrealist . If the two paths were parallel , they could no longer intersect .
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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
FOREWORD Maurice Nadeau
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