The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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Whether they have been used well or badly is another matter . There are always ,
of course , disadvantages in talking about living men , in passing judgments on
them , in expressing preferences which cannot help being personal . It is true that
As a matter of fact , the alliance was not total , nor did it proceed as far as the
dissolution of the surrealist group ; Breton explained himself on this matter in his
first article in Clarté . Certainly the surrealists had left their ivory tower , hence10 ...
That surrealism had lost none of its rigor , is the first thing we notice ; as a matter
of fact the Five ( Aragon , Breton , Éluard , Péret , Unik ) had announced the
expulsion of Antonin Artaud and Philippe Soupault the year before ( November
1926 ) ...
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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
FOREWORD Maurice Nadeau
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