The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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The surrealists themselves, despite their noisy demonstrations, were incapable of
constituting a force likely to alarm the bourgeoisie because these demonstrations
were confined to the moral level, and on this level the bourgeoisie readily ...
Even supposing that the surrealists abandoned an ineffectual moral level, they
could orient themselves usefully — a problem of a different order of importance
— only after resolving the basic antinomy of surrealism, divided between a ...
Genius serves to point out to the world the moral truth which universal stupidity
obscures and endeavors to destroy. Our thanks, then, to the man who, over there
on the immense Western screen, beyond the horizon where the suns decline one
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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
foreword Maurice Nadeau
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