The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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The surrealists themselves, despite their noisy demonstrations, were incapable of
constituting a force likely to alarm the bourgeoisie because these demonstrations
were confined to the moral level, and on this level the bourgeoisie readily ...
The surrealists claimed not to lose caste by regarding problems from a higher
level, the heights of the moral realm. For it was once again a moral problem that
was raised in the editorial of number 9-10 for October 1, 1927: Hands of Love, ...
Engels, in The Origin of the Family, does not hesitate to make individual sexual
love, born of this higher form of sexual relations which is monogamy, the grestest
moral progress accomplished by man in modem times. Whatever inflections one
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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
foreword Maurice Nadeau
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