The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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poem. Personally, he had always refused to write such things: he had no taste for
it and such a form of poetry seemed retrogressive. Citing Hegel's Aesthetik,
Breton declared: Front Rouge does not open a new path for poetry; it would be
Eleven years later, he finds himself at grips with events which follow the course of
the poem quite literally. The woman he meets is the very one he described in his
poem without knowing her; the places where they spend time together are ...
Hence I must, considering the poem as a whole, its continual reference to
particular accidents, to the circumstances of public life, recalling finally that it was
written during Aragon's stay in the USSR, regard it not as an acceptable solution
to the ...
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foreword Maurice Nadeau
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