The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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5 This is a true revolution , Poetic first , because it denies poetry by transcending
it . The arrangement as a poem is banished in favor of the automatic text , the
dictation of the unconscious , the dream narrative . No concern for art , for beauty
I should further object to Romains , who must know it as well as I , that the virtue
of the poem , if not alien at least ... of the very viewpoint of poetic freedom , the
condition of any poetry ' s existence , that is , of the viewpoint which , temporarily
Hence I must , considering the poem as a whole , its continual reference to
particular accidents , to the circumstances of ... that it was written during Aragon '
s stay in the USSR , regard it not as an acceptable solution to the poetic problem
as it ...
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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
FOREWORD Maurice Nadeau
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