The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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In truth , he said , there were two different problems : the problem of knowledge "
which has presented itself to us electively , " and the problem of the appropriate
social action to be taken , which he would not and could not discard , but whose ...
The surrealists claimed not to lose caste by regarding problems from a higher
level , the heights of the moral realm . For it was once again a moral problem that
was raised in the editorial of number 9 - 10 for October 1 , 1927 : Hands off Love
The special feature of the problem raised by the inculpation of “ Red Front " is that
, as I see it , the problem offers two faces : a social face and a poetic face , which
from the surrealist viewpoint are equally deserving of consideration .
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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
FOREWORD Maurice Nadeau
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