The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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proceed lightly: "An old man like the rest," FJuard proclaimed; "a comic and
empty character," said Philippe Soupault. "This grandfather either ignored or
flauted all those we love among our fathers or our uncles," added Drieu la
He believed that this temerity substituted for everything else, that it sufficed for
everything. As a consequence of this boldness, he neglected to answer several
harsh questions that faced surrealism. He proclaimed that "the Revolution could ...
Aside from these negations, they proclaimed that their cause was "that of the
workers, of the peasants," but refused on the other hand to "assert, out of
demagoguery, their life as the only good and genuinely human one."
Consequently the ...
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foreword Maurice Nadeau
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