The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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For the group ' s history , the review is useful only for its concrete evidence of
stands taken , definitions published . More interesting , for our purposes , is this
Déclaration du 27 janvier 1925 , first published as a tract and , to our knowledge
His Excellency , it appears , in an interview published in Comoedia , had found
no better word to describe the surrealists ' activity than pédérastique , adding this
unexpected detail , that he deserved well of his country for having permitted the ...
Only ten agreed to sign a more violent text proposed by one of them ( Paul
Bénichou ) , but refused to let it be published . GilbertLecomte was criticized for
being in relation with these students and not having published their text , for
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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
FOREWORD Maurice Nadeau
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