The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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One became a revolutionary only after having made a certain number of
sacrifices: social position, freedom, life itself if necessary. Hence it was not the
hope of a better individual life that produced the revolutionary, but on the contrary
a life of ...
From his article, let us quote the formulas by which he defines the direction he
wanted to see surrealism take: The acknowledgment of dialectical materialism as
the sole revolutionary philosophy, the comprehension and unreserved ...
We know that the directives given to the writers and artists by the International
Conference of Proletarian and Revolutionary Writers, held in November 1930 in
Kharkov, was not at all inspired by such considerations, which does not mean
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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
foreword Maurice Nadeau
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