The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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16 “ I do not believe that the dream is precisely the contrary of thought . What I
know of it inclines me to think that it is merely a freer , more abandoned form of
thought . Dreams and thought are the two sides of the same material , dreams ...
De we not find at the very basis of its affirmation a hidden vice : the postulation
that it is enough for thought to exist in order to become immediately operative ,
and for any task ? If poetry , which was to be freed of its artistic fetters , which was
It must wrench itself from the habits of ordinary thought , which prefers the
indifferent and the accidental , must in all relations transform the mode of
expression of prosaic thought into a poetic expression , and despite all the
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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
FOREWORD Maurice Nadeau
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