The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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tion all over again . Einstein is more serious , his scientific language is not always
understandable , but strange illuminations gleam here and there like an aurora
borealis . “ We have made a mistake , ” he says in substance , “ the real world isn
... quite absurd special interests and be dissipated in sterile disputes , while
Queneau noted the inadequacy and the danger of individual ac - ! tion which can
only fall back into skepticism and poetry , whereas collective action alone is
to be tion in anch artishout Art has no more fatherland than the workers . To
advocate today a return to “ French Art , ” as not only the fascists but even the
Stalinists do , is to oppose the maintenance of that close link necessary to art , to
work for ...
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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
FOREWORD Maurice Nadeau
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