The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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Let us nonetheless single out René Crevel ' s answer , which was not to be
limited to a mere questionnaire : Is it true , as people say , that one commits
suicide for love , for fear , for syphilis ? It is not true . Everyone loves , or thinks he
wives ” ( Jacques Prévert ) ; “ I had a true friend ( Breton is supposed to be
speaking ) , Robert Desnos . I cheated him , lied to him , gave him my word of
honor and deceived him . ” ( Robert Desnos ) ; " He practiced , on a tremendous
What has been the obstacle in our way is the fear of proceeding against the true
intentions of the Communist International and the impossibility of attempting to do
no more than obeying the orders ( disconcerting at the very least ) given by the ...
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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
FOREWORD Maurice Nadeau
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