The History of Surrealism
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1989 - 351 pagina's
"I believe," André Breton said, "in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality--in appearance so contradictory--in a sort of absolute reality, or surréalité." The Surrealist movement, born in the 1920s out of the ferment of Dada, committed to revolution against bourgeois rationalism, and inspired by Freudian exploration of the unconscious, has reverberated more widely and deeply than perhaps any other art movement in our century. Its automatism, biomorphic shapes, visionary mode, and manipulation of found objects mark the work of artists as different as Ernst, Miró, Magritte, and Dali.
Maurice Nadeau's History of Surrealism, first published in French in 1944 and in English in 1965, has become a classic. It is both lucid and authoritative--by far the best overall account of this complex movement. Nadeau traces the evolution of Surrealism, bringing to life its many internal debates about politics and art. He relates the movement to its intellectual and artistic environment. And he provides the statements and manifestos of Breton, Aragon, Tzara, and others.
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Then let this man who has just expired amid general beatitude go up in smoke ,
in his turn ! Little enough of a man is left : even so , it ' s revolting to imagine about
this one that in any case he has been . There are days when I dream of an ...
And were not the lines Crevel was to write in Détours , which had just been
published by Gallimard , a prefiguration of his fate : A pot of tea on the gas stove ;
the window tightly closed , I turn on the gas ; I forget to light the match .
... in which the sun turns The old men and walls fall , stricken by the same
thunderbolt The explosion of fusillades adds to ... those who endanger the
October conquests Death to the saboteurs of the Five - Year Plan Your turn
Communist Youth ...
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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
FOREWORD Maurice Nadeau
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