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sentence, in a foreign language, that as the Christian Examiner pleasantly might be submitted to him by way of expresses it, “in the dilemma of be experiment. But whatever word or lieving in Swedenborg and in Davis phrase may be necessary to the more also,” he invents an ingenious mode of full elucidation of any point which he escape by conjecturing that the infiis explaining, seems to come sponta- delity of the lecture was instigated by neously to his lips, from the same source the Devil, who was joint tenant with with the body of the disclosures them- the Seraphim in the mind of the Seer. selves; and that these are suggested or To complicate the case still farther, dictated by the influx of some other Davis protests that in his proper permind into his own, is, I think, beyond son, or his normal state, he is altogequestion. But that it is any mind in- ther orthodox, and believes fully in habiting a material body which prompts many things which in his lectures, or his revelations I am convinced is not his abnormal state, he denies and dethe case, for they are often in direct rides. The critics who have taken the contrariety to all the opinions which trouble to wade through this new revehave ever been advanced upon the lation, say that they can trace his ideas same subjects; and when not contrary, to tolerably well-known books. To the they are frequently beyond all that has author of the Vestiges of Creation he is been known to be propounded respect- said to be indebted for his cosmogony: ing them."
Whether that ingenious writer will feel But Dr. Bush has found an antago- flattered or annoyed by the Poughnist in Dr. Lewis, the Greek Professor keepsie Seer's patronage of his new of New York, who treats Davis and his philosophy, our readers must judge for abettors as a set of impostors. He says, themselves.
“ The book bears upon its face the The Editor of the Atheneum has deevidence of gross imposture, abounding voted two long articles to “The Prinnotonly in philosophical scepticism, but ciples of Nature, her Divine Revelain the lowest and most ribald infidelity tions, and a Voice to Mankind," which of the school of Tom Paine--an autho is the title given by Mr. Andrew Jackrity whence a large portion of it is evi- son Davis to his delirious concoction,' dently derived. Add to this its nume- as an American critic styles the work. rous absurd mistakes in philosophy, in With an extract from the Atheneum, history, in science, and in biblical in- we dismiss the subject, to which our terpretation-the unmeaning bombast readers may perhaps justly think we --the hundreds of pages where there have given a greater space than its is, covered up by an ocean of words, merits entitle it to : either no meaning at all, or what ap- “In his theology, Mr. Davis (at least pear, when translated from the Swe. when clairvoyant) is a rationalist, in denborgian vocabulary into common the sense in which the term is usually language, to be the most empty truisms. here received. He gives authority to Take into view, too, the rancorous sec- no revelation but his own. The followtarian spirit which no one can fail to ing surpasses Horne Tooke's notion that detect in it who is acquainted with the truth must be matter of opinion, because peculiar aspects of universalism or infi- the word is originally derived from that delity, and which so clearly appears which a man troweth :
-In concluding amid all its professions of charity, my remarks upon the Bible, I will speak often the most virulent where these historically concerning its origin and professions are the most abundant—and formation. Let it first be observed that how could it be supposed that it would a great deal of veneration is attached receive any attention or any commen- to the word BIBLE-more, indeed, than dations, except from the infidels for should be attached to a large portion of whom it was written, and the parties its contents. The word bible signifies themselves who had been directly con- merely a book. It is derived from the cerned in the nefarious imposture" Greek biblos, which signifies the soft
The infidelity of the Seer's revela- bark of a tree, upon which the ancients tions extorts from Dr. Bush, who is a wrote their thoughts. To this was great believer (having recently added subsequently prefixed the word "holy,' to his other articles of faith belief in which term was employed by the Jews the inspiration of Emanuel Sweden- to express excellence. Thus the terms borg), an indignant disclaimer of sym- 'Holy Bible,' might be rendered 'ex: pathy. The Hebrew Professor styles cellent soft bark, and then the world his mode of treating the Bible "an would understand their original signiabsolute enormity." Being, however, fication.'
“We ought rather perhaps to say that ward objection that the remonstrating Mr. Davis accepts many revelations. Bishops did not themselves allege the He admits David, Isaiah, Jeremiah, unsoundness of Dr.Hampden's doctrine, Zechariah, Malachi, Jesus, Confucius, but rested their case on the decree of Brama, Zoroaster, Mohammed, Swe- the University of Oxford passed in 1836, denborg, Galen, the Seeress of Prevorst, it was felt to be necessary that the Luther, Calvin, D'Holbach, Charles heresy of the Bishop-designate should Fourrier (whom he puts on a level with be judicially established. Certain memChrist), and many others, to the rank bers of the University of Oxford, thereof revealers. He is then rather omni- fore, petitioned the Bishop (Dr. Wil. fidel than infidel. He gives what he berforce, one of the remonstrants) to calls the true life of Christ, asserting proceed against Dr. Hampden, in the that it is impressed upon him that the Arches Court, for heresy. This was Saviour was not more than forty minutes rather too direct a proceeding for the in the manger. It is also revealed that taste of that versatile Prelate, and he the celebrated interpolation (as it is declined granting the petition. A little universally considered) in Josephus is more clerical pressure was put on, and genuine."
the Bishop intimated that he would not The Editor closes his criticism by ad- prevent others from commencing provising his “Transatlantic friends not ceedings, or throw any impediments in to abandon the excellent soft bark until the way of the proceedings should they at least they can find a better substitute be commenced. The prosecution was for it than Davis's preparation of qui- devised under the Clergy Discipline Bill. nine.”
As Rector of Ewelme, Dr. Hampden fell Unitarian Ministers' Protest against of Oxford. On the 16th of December,
under the jurisdiction of the Bishop the Merican War.-A friend has forwarded us a file of recent Boston news
the Bishop granted the letters of request papers, in which are several articles, to certain members of the Oxford 'Tracsome praising and others severely cen
tarian party, and the suit
began in the suring the conduct of the Unitarian
Court of Arches. The Bishop-desigministers of Massachussets, for com
nate, thus arraigned before the whole bining to express their detestation of country for heresy, is next addressed the Mexican war, and for making its by his Diocesan in a private letter, statabominableness the subject of their ing in detail the points of doctrine which pulpit addresses. Some of the com
it was alleged his writings impugned, plaints of their proceeding professedly and asking
him to affirm his full belief come from Unitarian laymen, who al
in them, and next asking him, as a lege that they shall be driven from peace-offering to the offended Church, Unitarian worship if their ministers
to withdraw the s Observations on Discontinue to discuss mere party politics sent" and the Bampton Lectures. On in their pulpits. On the other side, it Dec. 18, Dr. Hampden gave the Bishop is asserted that the war is so palpable
an affirmative answer to the queries and flagrant a violation of the principles respecting his belief, and the answer of the Republic and of the first princi- (the best rebuke !) of silence in respect ples of Christianity, that the ministers
to the request to withdraw the obnox. would be wanting in their duty, both
ious books. It had now become appaas citizens and as preachers of the gos. retreat from its position. Dr. Hamp
rent that the Government would not pel, if they did not distinctly protest against the continuance of the war. We den became provokingly cautious, and, need scarcely say that we rejoice to see
like a wise man, putting himself under that our brethren in Boston are so faith
legal direction when the proceedings in ful to their convictions of duty.
the Court of Arches began, declined to
answer, or even to receive from his DOMESTIC.
Diocesan, "proposals” for an accom
modation of matters. The Bishop of The Hampden Controversy.
Oxford, before the end of the month, The events connected with this sin- resolved to turn tail on the Tractarian gular struggle have proceeded so fast, prosecutors, and had to make out an and the documents have so largely accu- apology for his tergiversation from the mulated, that our view of them must be unsatisfactory materials before him. By cursory and brief. In our last No., we putting together the Doctor's curt progave the protest of the thirteen remon- fession of faith ("I say “Yes' to all strant Bishops, and Lord John Russell's your queries on my belief”), and mismasterly reply. To get over the awk. understanding a passage in a private
letter to a mutual friend, and extorting of merit, next solicit public attention. a somewhat large meaning from a pas- The first is from Dr. Hampden to Lord sage in Dr. Hampden's letter to Lord John Russell. It is long, and, notwithJohn Russell, he was enabled to "alter standing much effort and many prohis view of the case," and withdraw his testations, somewhat feeble. Its best letters of request. The light now broke point is the quotation from Tillotson's in upon the Bishop, that he ought to Sermons of the well-known passage in be personally satisfied that there was which he complains “that every one matter for a criminal suit to justify him that offers to give a reasonable account in sending an accusation against Dr. of his faith, and to establish religion Hampden to be tried in the Arches upon rational principles, is presently Court. He had joined in the proceed- branded for a Socinian,” &c. Dr. Hampings of 1836 against the Regius Pro- den very stoutly avers that he is unfessor of Divinity; he had signed, impeachably orthodox. He holds and in November, 1847, the remonstrance has ever held most firmly the full docagainst Dr. Hampden's appointment to trine of the Holy Trinity. In his 06. the vacant Bishopric; and yet it is not servations on Religious Dissent, published till near the close of December that he in 1834, when the question about the "applies himself to a thorough and im- admission of Dissenters was agitated, partial examination of the Bampton Dr. Hampden thus expressed himself: Lectures”! The result of the strangely “In religion, properly so called, few delayed examination is his conviction Christians, if any, I speak of course of that the Lectures “do not justly war- pious minds-really differ. All acknowrant those suspicions of unsoundness to ledge with nearly unanimous assent, I which they had given rise, and which, believe, the great original facts of the so long as he trusted to selected extracts Bible. They may not be conscious, (i. e. to say, so long as he listened only perhaps, that they do so far agree; and to the accusers' charge), "he himself the reason of this is clear; namely, that shared.” He finds in the Lectures little they judge of their religion from their which will not admit of a favourable theological opinions, and reflect back construction, and therefore he not only on the one, simple, invariable truth of withdraws the letters of request, but God, the various lights of some specuprofesses his intention to quiet the lative system of doctrines, the mere alarms of those who dreaded Dr. Hamp- conclusions of their own reason. 'I den's consecration to the office of a would take the extreme case of the Bishop.
Unitarians, and I would say to them, In extenuation of Dr. Wilberforce's Why do you take so much pains to partizan and unjudge-like proceedings, convince the world that you do not it is urged by a clerical apologist (whe- agree with the mass of professing Christher maliciously or simply we tians, in believing in the same sense scarcely decide), that “he did not sup- one Lord, one Faith, one Baptism, one pose he could go far wrong in accepting God and Father of all'? Is it not that the soundness of the University of Ox- you identify your religion with your ford, the theology and judgment of the dogmas; that you transfer the natural Bishop of Exeter, the honesty and in- partiality of your own minds for certegrity of Dr. Pusey and Mr. Newman tain principles, to the broad outlines of in making extracts from a book.” We Scripture truth, and dissent from your will not stop to inquire what grounds brethren in the faith because they will Dr. Wilberforce had for reposing such not assent to your metaphysical conlarge faith in the simple integrity of clusions ? For when I look at the reBishop Philpotts, Dr. Pusey and Mr. ception by the Unitarians both of the Newman, but we must record our Old and New Testament, I cannot of amazement at the enormous deficiency my part, strongly as I dislike their theof the moral sense displayed by him, ology, deny to those who acknowledge and we fear by måny hundred other this basis of divine facts the name of clergymen, in the condemnation of a Christians. Who, indeed, is justified book which he and they had never in denying the title to any one who read! Archdeacon Hare, in his mas- professes to love Christ in sincerity?" terly “ Letter to the Dean of Chiches- We have quoted at length this paster," deliberately states that few of the sage, both because it has been made condemners have any correct notion the groundwork of much censure, and of the nature and purport of the work in order to place by its side the Bishop which they are so eager to condemn.” of Hereford's interpretation of the words
Two letters, of very unequal degrees of the Rector of Ewelme :
“ If on any occasion I have ventured denounced him as a Socinian and an to call Unitarians Christians, surely Atheist. Yet our great Deliverer never this must be understood in the wide, made a wiser or more judicious appointcharitable sense of the term - not in ment. In our own day we have seen that strict sense in which it belongs to the learned Dr. Lloyd, once Regius a believer in the divinity and the bless. Professor of Divinity at Oxford, pured atonement of our Lord, but in a sued with bitter invective when, on the sense not unlike that in which it is Roman Catholic Relief Bill, he gave used in our liturgy, when we pray for expression to the loftiest feelings of all who profess and call themselves Christian charity." Christians, that they may be led into The congé d'élire appeared in the Ga. the way of truth,' &c. What I may zette of December 14th. The latest have said, then, in charity of the per- possible day for the election was fixed sons, or of the modes of reasoning, on by the Dean of Hereford, Dr. Mereof misbelievers, cannot in any fairness wether, whose letters and acts secure be understood as indulgence to their for him a fourteen days' notoriety. tenets."
Like nearly all the other clerical actors The second letter to which we have in this Comedy of Errors, the Dean plays alluded is a very superior document. but a sorry part. Privately and pubIt is from the pen of Lord John Rus- licly, and with an earnestness worthy sell, and is in reply to an Address from of a better cause, did the Dean of Herethe Clergy of the Archdeaconry of ford protest against the appointment Bedford. We regret we cannot find of the intended Bishop. He pleaded room for the whole of this very able conscience, and vowed his purpose to State-paper. After alluding to the very oppose the election and brave the peunfair means taken to injure Dr. Hamp- nalties of a præmunire. A long letter den, he says, “If such means are to from the magnanimous Dean, dated deprive a clergyman of those distinc- Dec. 22, draws from the Premier this tions which our Church boasts of main- somewhat startling reply, the scornfultaining as the rewards of learning, a ness of which could not easily be surfatal blow is struck at all profound passed : inquiry, at all enlightened pursuit of
“Woburn Abbey, Dec. 25. truth, at all clerical independence.' “Sir,--I have had the honour to re
The Premier writes with a graphic ceive your letter of the 22nd inst., in pen when he describes sectarian cha- which you intimate to me your intenracteristics : “ The Church is not in tion of violating the law. that easy security of the last century “I have the honour to be your obewhich gave birth to so much negligence, dient servant,
J. RUSSELL. to so much abuse of wealth, to such a “ The Very Rev, the Dean of perilous apathy. The Church of Rome
Hereford.” on the one side, with abundant know- The Premier evidently knew his man, ledge, with an imposing authority, se- and was not unwilling that others duces many to her communion. The should know him too. The secret is right of private judgment is by many soon told to half the nation by the avoided as a dangerous snare; the duty Morning Chronicle, that the Dean's opof private judgment is thrown off by position to Dr. Hampden lacked the many more as too heavy a burden. On virtue of disinterestedness, and sprung the other side, the Protestant Dissenter from disappointed ambition, the vacant assails the Church Establishment as an mitre having been applied for by the engine for fettering the conscience and Dean himself and refused by the Mitaxing the property of the subject. nister. When the day of election Novelties have their charm : the High- came, and the brave and conscientious Churchman and the Independent speak Dean allowed the election to proceed, alike with complacency of the separat- satisfying his threats by a very feeble ing Church and State."
verbal negative, and so far fulfilled the Lord John Russell shews that the congé d'élire as effectually to protect fanatical outbreak of 1847 has its pre- himself from the consequences of a precedents : " But it is said I have dis- munire, the “lot” of the precluded turbed the peace of the Church. There Dean excited more merriment than is no use in crying Peace where there pity. The Dean's negative vote was is no peace. The appointment of Dr. supported by only one other member Tillotson to the Primacy provoked a of the Chapter, Canon Huntingford : party whose relentless fury pursued for the Bishop, 14 votes were given. him to the day of his death. They The customary certificates of the
election were granted by the Dean and all its consequent exposures of men and Chapter, and the capitular seal affixed. the system. In these (which are alone valid) the The course which the Times newsDean states that he did give his vote paper has taken has been somewhat for Dr. Hampden. The matter is thus tortuous, but prevailingly anti-liberal. explained by Rev. Henry Christmas in But the articles have been characterhis “Concise History: L" What was ized by great and varied ability. It done inside the Chapter House is not served up one day to its readers a very cognizable by law; the Government dainty statement (somewhat of a new recognizes only the authorized state- version of the story of White's Bampton ment to which the capitular seal is Lectures) that the mind which proaffixed ; and thus Dr. Merewether's duced the Bampton Lectures of 1832 protest becomes a mere literarycuriosity. was not Dr. Renn Dickson Hampden's, Indeed, it appears hardly possible that but rather that of the celebrated Joseph it could be otherwise ; for as the statutes Blanco White, with whom the Doctor require an unanimous election, by rea- was then on the most intimate and conson of that feeling of brotherhood which fidential terms. To this statement they suppose to exist among all in holy Archbishop Whately has given a strong orders-a fiction at once legal and plea- contradiction. The rumour endorsed sant-so they admit of no dissentients; by the Times is attributed to "a near and what is done by a majority is held connection of Mr. Newman.” to be done by the whole body. The We regret we have no space left for Dean being one of the body, has no extracts from the pamphlet of the Archmore power to dissent than any other; bishop of Dublin, which is entitled and the form of declaring the election “Statements and Reflections on the must run, in spite of Dr. Merewether's Hampden Question.” After giving a protest, in the name of the Dean and brief history of the general character of Chapter."
the controversy, Dr. Whately arrives The ceremony of confirmation took at the following conclusions: 1. That place at Bow Church on Tuesday, Jan. the alleged censure of the University of 11, amidst much interruption, first from Oxford ought to be totally disregarded. the proctors retained by the Tractarian II. That the Ministers would have been opponents to appear and protest, and much to blame had they passed by a secondly from the scornful merriment man possessing such claims as Dr. of the assembled crowd at the treatment Hampden. III. That if, after having of the said proctors, who no sooner recommended him to her Majesty, they obeyed the official proclamation calling had afterwards, in compliance with the upon them to come forth and object, than remonstrances addressed to them, withthey were peremptorily rejected with drawn that recommendation, they would the intimation that they had no right have been guilty of a gross dereliction to object. Absurd and farcical are of duty, would have exposed themselves many of these old usages, and it is not to merited contempt, and would have for the interests of the
Church that the shaken the foundations of all lawful light of too much publicity should be authority, including, most especially, let in upon them. Unwearied in their episcopal authority. And, IÙ. That opposition, the Tractarians next appear the present movement has caused much by counsel in the Court of Queen's discredit and much danger to the Bench, and apply for a mandamus call- Church, which are wholly imputable to ing upon the Archbishop of York to the authors of the movement, and would state why he should not give audience have been incalculably greater still had to those who appeared to object to the it proved successful. confirmation of the Bishop-elect. The Court granted the rule. Before this falls under the eye of our readers, the
Jewish Emancipation Bill. whole matter will have been argued, The appeal of Sir Robert H. Inglis and in all probability the confirmation to the " Evangelism” (i.e. the bigotry) held to be valid, and perhaps the last of the country to obstruct the Ministestep taken, that of consecration. rial measure for the admission of Jews
Men of all parties, in and out of the to Parliament, is being answered by Church, seem agreed in one thing, that the clergy in many districts, who are never has any thing occurred, at least getting hostile petitions signed in ves. since the days of the Hanoverian ac- tries and schools and clerical rooms. cession, so thoroughly damaging to the We are glad to believe that few DisChurch of England as this struggle and senters of any sect have joined in this