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narrow proceeding. But it is expedient tricts; the boys' school forms five large that the combination of intolerants classes, all in vigorous operation, wheshould be counteracted by the energy ther under master, assistant or moni. of the friends of religious freedom, and tor; in fact, this resembles more a that petitions in support of the Govern- Scotch sessional than a British school; ment Bill should be generally prepared the arithmetic wrought as faithfully as and sent up, not merely from our asso- the reading, and geography and history ciations and congregations, but from well introduced; the girls' school not cities, towns and municipal bodies. full, owing to the children being emHow gratefully the efforts of Unitarians ployed at home, but it is a good one, in this cause are appreciated, will ap- with classes arranged in small squares, pear from the following letter of the on forms; the instruction is of course Baron Rothschild to the Secretary of lower than in the boys' school; the the Cheshire Presbyterian Association, infant school is full, but wants the unacknowledging the petition which ema- distracted attention of the master to nated from that body at their half- make it what it ought to be, and what yearly meeting held at Stockport. (See he could make it; his infant monitors C. R., 1847, p. 693.)

the only class in the school reading the London, Nov. 24, 1847. Scriptures, but all the classes in the "Sir, - I have now the pleasure- higher schools have the Scripture lespostponed by extreme pressure of busi

sons of the Irish commissioners, and ness--to acknowledge receipt of your moral instruction is given every Friday obliging communication, under date of afternoon." the 20th inst., of the petition for final Other schools in the city of Manand complete removal of Jewish disa- chester present a sad contrast in the bilities which has been adopted by the Report of the Inspector --- as for inCheshire Presbyterian Association.

stance, “The high respectability and en- Ellor Street, Manchester, November lightened zeal of that denomination are 7th, 1844.—Transferred to the midst of well known to me; and their constant the like population in Manchester, I assertion and furtherance of the prin- found in this school a state of things ciple involved in my return to Parlia- resembling that in the school adjacent ment deserve and command my cordial to Leeds; the master equally uneduand grateful acknowledgment. cated and untrained, but possessed of

" Be pleased, Sir, to take occasion to more energy; and the mistress of the convey to the Association this expres- girls' school a very worthy dame; but sion of my deep sense of the sponta- the schools of neither had any claim, neous sympathy manifest in this well- by their internal merits, to rank as Britimed movement.

tish schools. Renewed attention to the “I have the honour to be, Sir, your school having been given by an old very obliged and obedient servant, friend and a neighbouring minister, im

“ Lion. ROTHSCHILD. provement may, however, be hoped, “Rev. R. Brook Aspland.”

though nobody is disposed to supply

the pecuniary means. Lorer Mosley-Street (Unitarian) Day- 8th, 1844.—As regards the want of any

Bankmeadow, Manchester, November Schools, Manchester.

proper support or superintendence from Of these admirable schools, the prin- a committee, and the character of the cipal master of which is Mr. Curtis, we premises, these schools precisely resem, find the following satisfactory account ble those at Holbeck and Wortley, and in the Report of Joseph Fletcher, Esq., their rooms are, in like manner, crowdthe Government Inspector of schoolsed on Sunday for secular as well as not connected with the Church. It religious instruction; the teachers are should, however, be added that Mr. destitute of training and every proper Fletcher's visit dates back as far as the appliance, but by their industry (the close of 1844, since which time we master aided in each school by his wife) believe the plans of the skilful and they have got together large schools of indefatigable master have been carried both sexes, for which they do the best out to a greater degree of success than they can.' before.

“ In this school I found incomparably more of intellectual life and vigour,

The First Unitarian. combined with good discipline, than I It appears by a little tract just put had yet seen in the manufacturing dis- out by Rev. J. Brettell, of Rotherham, that a neighbouring Vicar recently de- presented, as “a testimonial to Mr. clared from the pulpit, that “ Cain was Kenrick of their respect and gratitude," the first Unitarian." Mr. Brettell plea- to the lady of that gentleman. The santly reminds the Vicar that his state- deputation had the pleasure to learn ment concedes to Unitarianism at least that the portrait was regarded, by those the merit of antiquity, and gives it an most competent to form an opinion, as advantage in this respect over the a perfect likeness as well as a beautiful Church of England of some 5000 years. painting; and that the mode adopted But he goes on to tell him that even his by the friends and pupils of Mr. Kenconcession does not state the whole rick to express their respect and gratitruth :

tude was most acceptable and gratifying “ Adam and Eve worshiped One God, to his family. We have this day (Jan. the Author equally of themselves and 18th) had the opportunity of inspecting the universe around them, so that Cain, a finished proof of Mr. Lupton's engravtheir eldest son, was not the first, but ing, and are happy to report that it is the third Unitarian, in strict chronolo- perfectly satisfactory. It has been exegical order, of the human family: but cuted under Mr. Patten's superintendthousands and tens of thousands of ence in mezzotint, and has received his Unitarian worshipers existed before entire approval. The engraving (which our first parents--such were the innu- is a private print, and will be confined merable multitude of those spiritual to the promoters of the testimonial) will beings who, on His calling the earth be ready for distribution in a few weeks. into existence, hymned in a celestial .chorus of Hallelujahs and harping symphonies,' the praises of the great

Unitarianism at Preston. and sole Creator, when,' in the sublime language of Eastern poetry, 'the morn- On Tuesday evening, Jan 11th, a ing stars sang together, and all the sons public evening meeting of the Unitaof God shouted for joy.'"

rian congregation (a tea - party) was The Vicar's statement, however, was held at the Exchange Rooms, Preston, that “Cain was the first Unitarian The Rev. Joseph Ashton presided, and because he relied falsely for divine ac- there were about 150 guests. The ceptance on what would not procure it. tables were very beautifully and tasteCain relied on his sacrifice, and Uni- fully supplied by the ladies of the contarians (says the Vicar) rely upon their gregation. The Chairman opened the good works.” Mr. Brettell takes the business proceedings of the meeting in occasion to read the Vicar a brief lesson an excellent address. Their meeting of theology, and smartly turns the tables was, he observed, significant of vitality, upon the orthodox party, shewing the of progress in their religious society, several points of resemblance between It was the earnest of work to be entered their theology and that of Cain. But upon and done by them. It was to happily every orthodox person does not take their share with others in the imwish to slay his heretical brother, either portant object of instructing the young, with the weapon of Cain or that of the that they were assembled. The circular Vicar of which is surely not a which brought them together stated Scripture weapon, unless it be that men- their tea-party to be in aid of the funds tioned in Judges xv. 16.

for establishing a Sunday-school in

connection with the Unitarian congreTestimonial to Rev. John Kenrick.

gation. Under less auspicious circum

stances than the present, a school had Our readers are aware that the friends been formerly instituted; but difficulties and former pupils of Mr. Kenrick re- had intervened. He was persuaded quested him to sit for his portrait to there were now determination, vigour Mr. Patten, R.A. The result was one and perseverance, to carry the work to of the happiest and most perfect por- a successful issue. He believed that traits ever produced by this skilful the requisite exertion, both pecuniary artist. It was exhibited in the Man- and other not less important, would be chester Royal Institution in 1846, and zealously supplied. then placed in the hands of Mr. Lupton, William Ainsworth, Esq., at the call of London, to be engraved. At the of the Chairman, next addressed the close of the year 1847, the portrait was meeting, explained the cause of their taken to York by W. Rayner Wood, former failure in respect to a school, Esq., and Rev. R. Brook Aspland, as and prognosticated better success for a deputation from the subscribers, and their new effort. He detailed the plans

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that had been some time in operation among the different classes of the confor the improvement of the young peo- gregation. ple of the congregation, and expressed Mr. Corless gave a very able address, his hearty approval of their interesting in which he dwelt on the importance gathering on that occasion, and trusted of Unitarianism, as calculated to supthere would be henceforth an annual ply the wants of the popular mind, and expression of the feeling of brotherhood as alone able to check the tide of scepof the same kind. He spoke of the ticism. Interesting speeches were afterpromising field for Unitarian exertion wards given by David Ainsworth, Esq., which Preston afforded, and bore his and Mr. William Dobson; and thanks willing testimony to the zeal and abi. were voted to the Mayor for his liberal lity of their minister, the Rev. Joseph use of the Exchange Rooms, and to the Ashton.

Chairman for his able conduct of the Mr. R. Plumb detailed the influences meeting. that had led him to embrace Unitarian Music varied the proceedings of the Christianity, and the entire satisfaction evening. Of the whole, a very full it had afforded him. He expressed his report was given in the Preston Chrogratification at the good and cordial nicle, to the Editor of which journal we feeling which he had found existing beg to make our acknowledgments.

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OBITUARY. 1847. Nov. 23, at Brighton, in the JAMES PATERSON, Esq., treasurer of the 33rd year of her age, ELIZABETH, the Aberdeen Unitarian congregation. eldest daughter of the late Mr. Samuel FRANCIS, of that town.

Dec. 20, the Rev. GILBERT WILLIAM

ELLIOTT, of Prescot, Lancashire. (Can Dec. 15, at Leicester, after a short any of our correspondents favour us illness, in the 67th year of her age, with some biographical particulars reDOROTHY, wife of Mr. Peter Col- specting Mr. Elliott?)

Dec. 24, ABRAHAM HERBERT, Esq., of Dec. 18, at Priory Terrace, Dover, Stoke, near Coventry, in the 75th year CHARLOTTE, the beloved wife of the of his age. Rev. Thomas Barker Wawne BRIGGS, and daughter of the late Rev. William Dec. 25, suddenly, in his 63rd year, Moon, of Deptford.

JOHN BURTON PHILIPS, Esq., of the

Heath House, Staffordshire. Dec. 20, at his residence, Wrentnall, near this town, aged 75, JAMES FREME, Dec. 26, at Nottingham, in the 84th Esq. This gentleman was the last sur- year of her age, ANNE, widow of the vivor of three brothers, who, in early late THOMAS HARRISON, Esq., of Stalylife, had been merchants in Liverpool. bridge. His principles and conduct, religious and political, were those of charity, Dec. 28, at Edgbaston, near Birmingbenevolence and toleration, to all who ham, aged 77 years, Mr. GEORGE EYRE were sincere in their opinions. The LEE. very last act of his life is a seal stamped upon his character and that of his bro- Dec. 29, at the Post-office, Warringthers. On the evening of his death he ton, in the 80th year of her age, MARappeared in good health, and sent his GARET, widow of the late Mr. Robert servant to inform all the poor families Robson. around his residence that “his usual Christmas beast was killed, and would Dec. 29, at Royston, EDWARD KING be ready for distribution among them FORDHAM, Esq., in his 98th year. (of on Thursday.” When that servant re- this much-respected gentleman an obiturned, the “ good master" had calmly tuary notice is promised from the pen expired. The disease was an affection of an old friend.) of the heart.-Shrerosbury Chronicle.

Dec. 29, at Dukinfield, Mr. AARON Dec. 20, at his residence, aged 66, HAUGHTON, in the 86th year of his age. Dec. 29, at Edgbaston, near Birming with their faith and hope in more than ham, having just completed her 47th relieving their grief, now that they deyear, Saray, eldest daughter of the late posit her mortal relics in the tomb so Mr. John RYLAND, whose obituary was recently opened for a beloved and horecorded in our last No.

noured parent.

• The clouds return “Her character,” said her friend and after the rain.' * For ourselves, pastor * at her grave, was formed not indeed, let us sorrow, though not as only under that 'nurture and admoni. those who are without hope. Nevertion of the Lord' which she was blessed theless, let us be more intent on imiwith beneath the parental roof, but also tating than on mourning. In respect by the varied discipline of life, which of the pious dead, what event can be never fails of being in the highest degree deplored, as the consequence of which salutary to minds and hearts prepared they are sooner in possession of their for receiving it. In more spheres than Saviour's joy, of their everlasting felione, I have witnessed her conscientious city and rest ?" and effective discharge of duty, her steadfast adherence to religious princi- Dec. 30, at Warrington, ESTHER, the ple, her earnest and successful desire of widow of Richard Mills, Esq., in the uniting kindness with wisdom, and a 87th year of her age. The deceased benign spirit and manners with a strict was the last surviving child of the late regard to great rules of conduct. She Roger Gaskell, Esq., of Warrington. lived for others, and really lived long.

* It pleased her Father in heaven 1848. Jan. 1, Mr. CAPPUR, of Nantto try her by affliction. She found it wich. good for her to be so afflicted; and I am persuaded that it was likewise good Jan. 6, at Lichfield, in the 74th year even for those in the midst of whom of his age, John BAYLEY, Esq., oldest she suffered—those who, for weeks and surviving son of the late T. B. Bayley, months, watched her couch of languish- Esq., of Hope Hall, near Manchester. ing and softened its pillow, and caught her last looks and accents, and saw how Jan. 7, aged eleven months, ARTHUR, peacefully she died.

infant son of Mr. John Wood, of Hulme, “ The memory of what she was in Manchester. herself, to them, and to the whole of her domestic and social circle, will unite At Portsmouth, in the 72nd year of

his age, Isaac JEFFERY, formerly of * Rev. John Kentish,

Steyning, Sussex.

MARRIAGES.

1847. Nov. 30, at Trim-Street chapel, Dec. 25, at the same chapel, Mr. Bath, by Rev. Robert Wallace, ROBERT Louis F. BARWELL to Miss ELIZABETH SIMMONS, of Great Sommerford, Glou. Fitch. cestershire, to JANE PIKE, of the same place.

Dec. 31, at the Unitarian chapel, Dec. 17, at the Unitarian church, ter, by Rev. 'J. R. Beard, D.D., Mr.

Bridge Street, Strangeways, ManchesSwansea, by Rev. Geo. Browne Brock, JOHN RICHARD COOPER to Miss MARIA by licence, Mr. WILLIAM Askew, com

HOWELL, of Welshpool, Montgomerymander of the barque Chilian, of Lon

shire. don, to SARAH, youngest daughter of the late Mr. Michael WILLIAMS, of Swansea.

1848. Jan. 1, at Hull, Mr. STEPHEN

son, proprietor of the Eastern Counties Dec. 24, at the Unitarian church, Herald, to Mrs. SANER. St. Peter's Square, Stockport, JAMES HOWLES to JANE SMITH.

Jan.5, at St. George's church, Blooms

bury, London, by Rev. F. G. Simpson, Dec. 25, at the Old meeting, Ipswich, RICHARD KINDER, Esq., of Hampstead, by Rev. T. F. Thomas, Mr. M. E. Kino to EMMA, second daughter of the late DRED to Miss E. BRIDGET Pitts. John MARTINEAU, Esq.

THE

CHRISTIAN REFORMER.

No. XXXIX.)

MARCH, 1848.

[Vol. IV.

CONGREGATIONAL PSALMODY, OUR nonconforming ministers have paid little attention to the subject of devotional music, or of music at all. Indeed, we apprehend that in the so-called orthodox academies the study of the art would be discouraged, if not forbidden. Fierce were the invectives of the Puritans against the “ tossing of the Psalms to and fro" and the whole choral service of the Church of England, but they made no attempt to substitute any thing really good in its place. Yet they seem to have been often sensible of the imperfection of the psalmody of their churches. In the year 1707, Mr. Earle, Mr. Bradbury, Mr. Harris, Mr. Reynolds, Mr. Newman and Mr. Gravener, made this the subject of a series of sermons, which they published

under the title of “ Practical Discourses of Singing in the Worship of God, preached at

the Friday Lecture in Eastcheap. By several Ministers." In their Preface they state that “ the duty of singing in the worship of God had been very much neglected and unskilfully performed among ourselves, in comparison of the greater knowledge and better care of the foreign churches, till some late attempts were set on foot to teach the art and encourage the practice. * * * * And as we thought fit at some time or other to consider a subject as much neglected as the practice, and as rarely handled as it was generally ill performed, so we thought it could nowhere be more proper than on these occasions."

These worthy divines, like Mr. Binney, seem to have possessed little knowledge of the art; their exhortations, like his, appearing to spring from pious hearts, directed, as to the matter of which they treat, by practical good sense. Much time is occupied in answering objections which it seems almost incredible should ever have been raised. One of these is, that “to sing by a prelimited and prestinted form is to lay a restraint upon the spirit of God :" and the objection is gravely answered. Perhaps the best reply would have been to try the experiment of singing without any such “ restraint,” and left each member of a congregation to choose a psalm and extemporize a tune in whatever key and metre he might fancy. Another objection had been raised against women's singing, which Mr. Reynolds devotes several pages of history and criticism to answer, and then pertinently asks, “ Why God, in his adorable wisdom, distinguished by its pleasant softness the voice of the woman from that of the man, but to temper the sound and render it more sweet and melodious when engaged in singing his praises ? And it has been with some concern and offence that I have observed

The Service of Song in the House of the Lord; an Oration and Argument, by Thomas Binney. Pp. 58. Jackson and Walford.

VOL. IV.

R

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