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scale for boys and young men, to secure its members; and at length its devoted them from the evils of idleness and minister, whose services had, in a pecu. ignorance. Here there was a greater niary sense, been wholly unrewarded, difficulty than in the other school in became physically incapable of officidevising occupation. The first em- ating more than once on the sabbathployments consisted in making spills day. For a period of eighteen months for lighting candles, and paper bags, (during twelve of which the congregaand in reading and spelling; and the tion had the benefit of the efficient scholars were addressed on the import- services of the Rev. J. Forrest, M.A.), ance of order, cleanliness, industry and Mr. Gibbs obtained a respite from his honesty, and they were taught to sing labours in the pulpit, which were, howa few verses, the meaning of which ever, once more renewed and continued was explained to them. Great stress up to the close of 1847, when he was was laid upon having the rooms kept obliged to relinquish the duties which elean and in good order; and this he had so long and so faithfully dispoint has been cheerfully attended to charged. In doing so, however, he As inconvenience arose from the work had the satisfaction of knowing that, of instruction and industrial occupation thanks to the beneficence of his friend, going on together, a second cottage the late R. Cooke, Esq., the means was engaged for the school properly so had been provided by which the chapel called. In the working rooms, the debt could be paid off, and the services young men are now engaged in mak- of a stated minister secured for at least ing carpet slippers, book-shelves, pot- two years, by which time it is hoped that shelves, candle-stands, chairs, mouse- the circumstances of the congregation traps, cock-roach traps, trowsers, waist- will have so far improved, that, percoats, mending of shoes, and putting haps with some small amount of assistthe tops on clogs. By the payments ance from other quarters, they may be for work done to order, this school able to retain the services of an efficient has been partly self-supporting. Both minister. schools have given much satisfaction At a meeting of the congregation, held both to the scholars and to the friends in the course of the week following the who originated them.
retirement of Mr. Gibbs, the subjoined Bury, March 15, 1848.
address to that gentleman was unani
mously agreed to; and Messrs. N. Unitarianism at Devonport.
Rundell, R. Perry, S. Andrews and
T. C. Gould, were appointed a deputaThe prospects of the Unitarian so- tion to wait upon Mr. Gibbs for that ciety in this town are brightening. purpose : Founded, some thirty years since,
To Mr. Silvanus Gibbs. mainly through the labours of Mr. Very dear Sir, It was not without Silvanus Gibbs, himself a convert from feelings of deep emotion that we, on the doctrines of reputed orthodoxy, it Sunday, engaged in the religious services gradually enlarged the number of its which, as was then intimated, you conmembers, until, in 1829, a chapel was ducted for, probably, the last time. The built, partly through the aid afforded severance of the ties of friendship or of by the Unitarian public, but chiefly by kindred, even though it be for a season the congregation themselves; for al- only, necessarily gives rise to sensations though they had not much silver and of pain and regret; but these feelings gold to give, most of them being me- are enhanced to the highest degree when, chanics, yet they could work with their as in the present instance, we, the memhands, and, accordingly, after the or- bers of a society meeting for the celedinary labours of the day were over, bration of the holy offices of religion, are they employed themselves in rearing deprived of the public ministrations of a temple to the honour and glory of one to whom, under Christ, we have been God. A small house was subsequently accustomed to look for those words of erected upon a site which, as being wisdom and of consolation which shall contiguous to the chapel, it was con. best fit us for the discharge of the duties sidered desirable to secure; and the of this life, and for a participation in the result was that the society found itself realities and blessedness of the life to burdened with a debt amounting to come. about £420. At this time, when the debt We lament our deprivation the more, was enlarged, the tide of success which knowing, as we do full well, that advanhad hitherto attended the society began cing years and the infirmities consequent to ebb; deaths and removals thinned thereon have alone induced your retirement from the active duties of the minis- gratulation are not few. If the Unitarian try, to the faithful discharge of which, - body generally does not exhibit many under the pressure of difficulties and in signs of increase, no observant mind can the face of obstacles which would have fail to discern in other religious comdismayed one of less faith,--your un- munities, in the halls of Legislature and recompensed services have been devoted in the temples of God, the evidences of (with but a brief interval) for the space an ever-onward movement towards the of thirty years. For the earnestness with simplicity of that "faith which was once which, during that lengthened period, delivered unto the saints.” The circumyou have borne witness to the truth as it stances of our own society, too, are enis in Jesus,--for the ability and zeal couraging. With the prospect of the li. with which, both in the pulpit and through quidation of our chapel debt, the services the press, you have set forth the simple of an able successor to yourself in the and sublime doctrines which we hold as pulpit, and a visibly increasing sympathy believers in One God and Father of all, with our views among the members of and of one Lord Jesus Christ,--for the other communions in our town and neighmany and incontrovertible proofs which bourhood, we may anticipate the realizayou have adduced, as well from Scripture tion of the promise, that “in due season as from the deductions of reason, in sup. we shall reap, if we faint not." port of the glorious doctrine of “uni- And now, dear Sir and benefactor, versal restoration," --for the high concep- again reiterating the expression of our tions of duty which you have enunciated, gratitude, we commend you and those -and for the earnestness with which whom you love to the keeping of our you have ever sought to awaken our hearts Father," the righteous Lord who loveth to truth and holiness, we would now righteousness, and whose countenance desire to offer you our most fervent doth behold the upright;" and we pray thanks; and, in the testimony which that the remaining portion of your soyou have thus afforded of your love for journ upon earth may, "like a sabbaththe gospel, we rejoice with joy unspeak- day, glide softly by," until an entrance able; for we have the blissful promise is administered unto you into that eterthat "eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, nal sabbath where, “in the presence of nor hath it entered into the heart of man, God, alone is fulness of joy, and at whose the things which God has prepared for right hand there are pleasures for everthose that love Him."
more." We could have wished that efforts so
To this Address the following Reply untiring, and labours so earnest and self
was returned : denying, had met with a larger measure of success. “It is human, indeed, to
To the Members of the Christian Society desire some rich success, and each gene
assembling for public worship and reration expects to gather and taste the ligious edification in the Unitarian produce of its own toil.” That our as
Chapel, Granby Street, Devonport. pirations have not been fully realized, Respected Friends, I have to acknowmust not, however, bave the effect of in- ledge the receipt of your affectionate “Adducing in us the belief that “nothing is dress,” recently presented by the deputaever to be better, and that our faith in tion appointed for that purpose. You are the progress of our religion must expire correct in stating that advancing years and in the exclamation, Where is the pro. infirmities have alone induced me to remise of his coming ?--for since the fa- tire from the active duties of the ministry, thers slept, all things continue as they and are quite aware that for a considerable were, from the beginning of the crea- period I have struggled onward under imtion'"--for it has been truly remarked paired health, but unwilling to relinquish by one of the most eminent of our living my post until a prospect fairly opened for ministers, that “wherever we look to obtaining a successor. The hope long the chain of animal existence, to the fa- deferred being now about to be realized, culties of the individual mind, or the in consequence of the bequest of my late stages of collective society-we discover excellent friend, Mr. Richard Cooke, bedistinct traces of the same general law, coming at length available, and feeling that in proportion to the excellence of that I could not continue my accustomed any form of being, is its progress tardy labours without suffering a prostration of and its cycle vast.”
physical power, I was constrained to Bat, notwithstanding our desire that come to the determination of closing the fruits of your labours had been more them on the last Sunday of the year just strikingly manifested to the world, we terminated. Though the success forcannot but feel that the causes for con- merly anticipated has not been fully realized, my humble exertions in the cause “And now, brethren, I commend you of truth and righteousness have not, per- to God, and to the word of his grace, haps, been wholly in vain; and it affords which is able to build you up, and to me peculiar satisfaction that those who give you an inheritance among all those for a long series of years, regularly attend- who are sanctified;" and, with every ed on my ministrations, have kindly ap- wish for your improvement and happiness, preciated them, and have also experienced I remain, their beneficial effects.
Yours most affectionately, You know that I have been accustomed
SILVANUS GIBBS. frequently to state the arguments in proof of the pure Unity and inherent Goodness
24, Garden Street, Jan. 5, 1848. of God; and I was induced to pursue It will be perceived that, in the adthis course from a deep persuasion of dress to Mr. Gibbs, reference is made the intrinsic value of these great doc- to a successor, who, it was believed at trines, believing them to be the funda- that time, would have been the Rev. mentals of genuine religion and the basis William Mountford, of Lynn, as that of the gospel dispensation, and being gentleman had accepted an invitation exceedingly desirous to fix them perma- to take up his residence in Devonport. nently in your minds, in order that your He, however, afterwards found that in love of Him should be supreme, and that quitting Lynn he would be leaving a your love of His offspring might abound congregation without a minister ; under more and more. If ~ GOD is Love,” as which circumstances, Mr. Mountford declared by an apostle, and as inscribed will continue to officiate at Lynn, and on the front of our pulpit, then must He the society at Devonport is consequently have created all intelligent beings for hap- still open to an engagement with a piness; and if this was actually His design minister. That some one will soon be in their creation, that grand objeot must found possessing such qualifications as ultimately be attained, since His infinite
are necessary to sustain and extend the wisdom and almighty power will, assu- cause of Unitarian Christianity in that redly, enable him to effect it, with all the place, we cannot doubt. Whoever may other purposes of His universal bene- be called to occupy the vacant pulpit volence.
will find a good field for his exertions It has also been my practice to lay in Devonport. Although the congrebefore you, at different times, the evi- gation at present meeting for worship dences of our holy religion, shewing its is small, and their position in life such supernatural origin and its high moral as does not enable them to contribute tendency, with the ample and solid grounds much to the support of a pastor, the which it presents of a future life, espe- closest union subsists between them ; cially from the momentous fact of the re- and, in a population approaching 40,000, surrection of its divinely-inspired Founder, there is certainly room for a large and and his ascension to the region of im- flourishing society. The town can mortality: On the truth of these doctrines boast very few, if any, wealthy resiand their important consequences, I dents, nor are there many of the exhave uniformly endeavoured to afford tremely poor, which latter circumstance consolation to the survivors of those nu- is in a great measure owing to the merous friends whom it has pleased our regular employment afforded to the heavenly Father to remove from us during mechanical and labouring classes in the last thirty years; and to impress on the Royal Dock-yard and other Goall the urgent duty of preparing for the vernment establishments. A highly enjoyments of that blissful inheritance prosperous Mechanics' Institute has where our risen and exalted Saviour is long been established in the town, the now participating the fulness of his Fa- number of members amounting to up: ther's love." As many of our little flock wards of 800, and of those entrusted are pretty far advanced in years, and with its management three or four are cannot much longer continue in the pre- Unitarians. Immediately contiguous sent state, it behoves us to be truly anxious to Devonport is Stonehouse, with its to advance steadily in the Christian course, 10,000 inhabitants, and Plymouth with so that when the appointed time shall an additional 40,000, so that the future arrive for taking a final farewell of minister at Devonport need not wish “ friends beloved and kindred dear,” we for a much wider sphere of labour. It may be enabled to look forward with will also be agreeable to him to find in humble hope to a happy re-union with the Rev. W. J. Odgers, of Plymouth, them in the celestial abode of purity and a highly-respected and much-valued love, never more to be separated.
fellow-labourer -- one who is distin.
guished in his neighbourhood for the of Justiciary. The prison chaplain (Rev. important part which he has taken in Mr. Strahan) in his report dated Oct. 31, improving the condition of the masses. 1847, says, “Only four boys, no girls
under 14 years of age, have been com
mitted to prison since my last report. Results of the Industrial Schools in
This is the smallest number of juvenile Aberdeen.
offenders during any of the preceding
seven years' quarters. Of these boys, Since the establishment of the first three have been convicted for the first Industrial School of Aberdeen, juvenile time, and one for the fourth time. None delinquency has been materially dimi- of these boys had been in our crime-innished, juvenile medicancy has been abo- the-bud-nipping Industrial Schools." lished, and adult crime is sensibly de- An extract from the North of Scotland creased. From the statistics of the Aber- Gazette will serve to shew what may be deen prison, it appears that the number done by the law of kindness, when adof criminals committed in the year 1841 ministered with forethought. It details was 879, and the average number there a social meeting in the Juvenile School, at one time was 115. In October in that at which several respectable persons were year, the first Industrial School was present, and took part in the proceedings. opened. The consequences were imme- “The progress of this school is rediately and beneficially felt. In 1842, markable. On the 17th of May, 1845, the number of committals was lessened the police literally drove 77 boys into by 120, and the average per day was the soup-kitchens, where they were put lessened 22. A small diminution has through a process of cleansing, which at taken place each successive year. In most finds its parallel only in the attempt 1846, the total committals were reduced by two benevolent old women to wash a to 683, and the daily average to 80. blackamoor white. Food was provided The table of re-commitments which is for them; and in the afternoon some of given in the years between 1843 and their parents, who had poured impreca1846, shews that some important influ- tions on the police in the morning, scarcely ence had been at work to prevent crime, recognized their own children. On the In 1843, the number of first commitments 23rd of August, 1847, the school thus so was 430; in 1846, the number was re- inauspiciously begun, assembled in the duced to 359. The number of re-com- presence of a number of friends to the mitments had in the mean time increased institution, in a commodious and excelfrom 312 to 324. Old offenders became lent building in Sugar-house Lane. On more and more desperate, shewing the the first seat were arranged 31 children, inefficacy of criminal reformation pur- neatly and cleanly attired, though in sued in our prisons. Of 2889 persons rough enough material, sitting in order, committed to prison during these four from the tiny little creature of three years, 1275 have been re-commitments. years to the stout girl of ten; on the next But the most striking proof of the effi. row, 46 boys sparkling with intelligence ciency of the Industrial Schools in re- and delight; while the background was pressing mendicant vagrancy, which is filled up by their parents, whose grateful the great parent of juvenile crime, is looks and happy expression of feeling afforded by the returns of the county made a picture of the scene, police with respect to the number of We may add, that the cost of the school vagrant boys apprehended. In 1841, the in 1846, including salaries, food for the number of vagrant boys who fell into the boys, material for their work, &c., was hands of the police was 328. In 1845, £296. 78. The food cost £167. 158. But they were reduced to 105; in 1846, tó against this must be set the proceeds of 14; and in 1847, to 6! Now the boys their work, which amounted to £97.7s. prefer the schools to vagrancy, or betake 3d. So the average earnings of the little themselves to industrious occupations at fellows (nearly one-half are under ten home.
years of age) amounts to one-half the Testimony to the usefulness of the cost of their food. The facts are taken schools in diminishing crime has been from an article in the British Quarterly borne by the Judges at the Circuit Court Review, No. XIII.
EDWARD KING FORDHAM, ESQ. may watch over me, 'guide me by his MR. FORDHAM was born June 5, 1750, counsel, and afterwards receive me to al Therfield, a village three miles from glory'!" Royston, on a small estate still in posses
From hence it appears he was a devout sion of one branch of the family. His
man, and it is pleasing for his friends to parents were Dissenters, and members of have to reflect upon him as such during very the Independent congregation at Royston; many years. In him, a devotional spirit and, considering the habits of the old was not contined to times or places, or Nonconformists, no doubt but that he called forth merely by a season of afflicand their other children were early accus- tion, or first manifested when he had betomed to attend upon social religious ser
come well-stricken in years. It had been yices.*
long and habitually cherished and mainWhen arrived at a suitable age, he was tained. placed in a situation at Royston to acquire
There is not ground to think that Mr. the knowledge of a business, in which he Fordham was at any period of his life was afterwards engaged in that town dur- otherwise than virtuously disposed, but ing many years; and his judgment and it seems at one time he evinced an inclicaution in the management of it tended nation to engage in some of those diverto a good degree of success.
sions or sports for which he was qualified Early in the year 1785, he was married by his station in society, and in which to a pious lady, Miss Sarah Chantry, of others in like circumstances, with whom London, and for a large portion of his he was acquainted, took delight. A relilife this matrimonial connection contri- gious lady by whom he was known and buted greatly to his domestic comfort and respected, observing this propensity, took happiness. In the spring of 1823, their occasion to address him upon the improunion was dissolved by the death of Mrs. priety and unsatisfactory tendency of such Fordham. This bereavement he keenly pursuits. What she said was listened to felt, but it did not lead him to complain and well received by him, and be soon or murmur; on the contrary, he evinced relinquished them.' His attention was under his trial a disposition of mind be then particularly directed to religious coming a Christian professor. In a let- subjects, his mind became deeply imter addressed to the writer of this notice, pressed with their vast importance, and penned a few hours after her death, he he began to take great delight in devothus expressed himself: “I dare not com- tional exercises. He zealously entered plain, but wish to bless the name of the upon that religious course of life in which Lord. I know that he is righteous in he persevered till his end came. Soon all his ways, and holy in all his works.'” after, he considered it to be his duty to He continued : “Having lost my kind make a particular Christian profession, and faithful friend and earthly monitor, by joining that chureh to the services of may I look daily and hourly to my kind which his youthful steps had been diand gracious Father in heaven, that he rected. Upwards of seventy years ago,
he became a church inember at the Inde* One of their sons, Mr. Elias Ford- pendent meeting-house in Royston, i. e. a ham, was educated for the Christian mi- communicant at the Lord's table. Probanistry at the Dissenting Academy, Homer- bly, for several years afterwards, his reliton, and for a short time was the pastor of gious views were in unisou with those the Independent congregation at Stown generally entertained by that class of Dismarket, Suffolk. His religious views, senters with which he was connected; but temper and conduct being, through many before many had elapsed, he began to years, much like those of his elder bro. entertain doubts as to the accuracy of ther, lately deceased, they often held plea- some of their opinions. Such doubts sant converse together, and were strongly might be raised, and he might be led to attached to each other. Mr. Elias Ford- the use of free inquiry upon theological ham died, after a short illness, at Gan- subjects, by the perusal of Dr. Priestley's nock, near Royston, September 23, 1838. writings and others of a like kind. HowThe November number of the Christian ever, his religious sentiments gradually Reformer for that year contains an inte underwent a change, and more than fifty resting obituary sketch of this worthy years since they were Unitarian. He was
a believer in one God, even the Father,