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opinion that tenets entertained exclu- the Divinity of Christ and the Atonesively by Trinitarians are peculiar reli- ment are taught. It cannot, in our gious tenets within the language of this opinion, be said that the benefits of such proviso. See the Answer of the Judges a school are (within the meaning of Mr. to the 6th Question of the House of Dawe's Will) open to the children of Lords in Lady Hewley's Case.

every religious persuasion." “If it could be shown by extrinsic Among the incidents of the past year evidence, that at the time the rules to which the Committee refer with were drawn up, and amongst the seve- peculiar satisfaction, they mention the ral persons by whom they were resolved visits paid by a deputation from their on, the words 'peculiar religious tenets' body to Birmingham, to Kidderminster, had acquired a limitedor especial mean- and by the Hon. Secretary to Swansea, ing differing from their primary and with a view to diffuse information relastrictly legal interpretation, and so as tive to the objects and proceedings of to exclude Trinitarian opinions from the Association, and to obtain for it adtheir operation, the construction we ditional support. The result has been have put upon the words might perhaps gratifying-an addition of £90 to the be controlled. We think, however, that finances of the year, and an increase the facts of the case afford no sufficient of £26 to the annual subscriptions. evidence of this nature, but rather lead In the “Foreign Department," the to a contrary conclusion. It may be Report furnishes much interesting incontended that the open and avowed formation in reference to the spread of practice, which according to the state- liberal views of Christianity in France, ments of the pamphlet has always pre- Montreal, Barbadoes, and the East Invailed, of teaching in the schools the dies; and in the “Book Department," doctrines of the Divinity of Christ and details the grants made and the addiof the Atonement, must have induced tions to the Catalogue during the year. many to subscribe to the Society in the Reference being made to “ Wellbebelief that those doctrines would con- loved's Letters to Wrangham,” the tinue to be taught; and that having Committee add, regard to the fact that Unitarians have “ The mention of the last name reto some extent (according to Mr. Dunn's minds your Committee of a subject to statements) acquiesced in or not openly which occasionally their attention has complained of the practice, the strict been called, viz. the publication of a construction of the rules must now be new translation of the Hebrew Scripcontrolled by the practice. But we tures in a cheap and accessible form. think this view of the case is not sound, They lament, in common, they are sure, and that the language of the rules must with a large portion of the reflecting prevail, notwithstanding the existence public, that Mr. Wellbeloved has not of a practice which in our opinion has met with due encouragement for the been inconsistent with the intention of continuance of his Family Bible, the the founders of the Society, as clearly notes and reflections and introductory expressed in the rules. We are aware dissertations appended to which have that Unitarians were not, at the time been so highly and deservedly approved. this Institution was founded, fully en- “Your Committee would gladly contitled to the benefit of the several Tole- tribute to make this work, for the laration Acts then in force, but we think bour of which the learned author has this circumstance will not affect the been so ill requited, more known and view taken by Unitarians of their rights more used, by placing it in their Cataon the present question. Though the logue, or by any other means that may open preaching of their tenets might appear expedient. They conceive that then have been illegal, it was not, we the time is come when, by the assistthink, illegal to found an Institution in ance of Mr. Wellbeloved's translations which the teaching of doctrines opposed and the approved translations of other to their tenets should be excluded. On learned writers, such, perhaps, as Prothe whole, we are of opinion that the fessor Noyes's, of America, Improved present administration of the British Version of the Text of the Old Testaand Foreign School Society, as disclosed ment,' a volume might be prepared in Mr. Dunn's pamphlet, is a Breach which would give great satisfaction to of Trust.

Unitarian families, and be of very great “2nd. We think the Fund bequeathed use to our students and ministry and by Mr. Dawe cannot be properly ap- youth. But it is a matter that would plied to the Borough-Road School, or require the greatest care and consideto any school where the doctrines of ration."

The Report, which was listened to this result, if the same judicious system with much interest, was unanimously be adopted. It was high time that adopted. Almost the only topic of dis- London, with its comparatively large cussion arising out of it was one mooted congregations, wiped from itself the reby the Rev. Ě. Kell, in reference to proach of never, on these occasions, the difficulty which has lately arisen assembling in any thing like the numof procuring small Unitarian publica- bers that are common in the country. tions. He found, he said, that their London publisher did not think it worth his while to keep them on sale. As

Sunday-School Association. Secretary of a district association, he On Thursday morning, June 15th, had been much inconvenienced. Re- the annual meeting of the Sundaygarding the circulation of tracts as the School Association took place, after a life-blood of all efforts for making their public breakfast, at Radley's Hotel. views better known, he trusted the The attendance was very good, though Committee would direct their attention the room did not appear so crowded as to the matter, and by some means or on some former occasions. There was other procure a remedy for the evil to an unusually large number of ministers which he had adverted. The Rev. W. present from the country. The Rev. James, Rev. R. M. Montgomery, and Henry Hawkes, of Portsmouth, preother gentlemen, expressed their con- sided, and by his earnest manner and currence with Mr. Kell, and after an Christian spirit contributed very much animated conversation, the subject was to the harmony and efficiency of the referred to the Committee, the Hon. meeting. After the Chairman's opening Secretary giving an assurance that it address, several resolutions were moved, should receive their early attention. seconded and spoken to, by the Revds.

Various resolutions (which will be George Harris, John Gordon, R. M. found in our Advertising sheet) were Montgomery, H. Ryder (an Amerithen severally moved and spoken to by can Universalist minister), E. Kell, Rev. E. Talbot, Mr. Richard Taylor, J. Briggs, W. Stevens, &c., and Messrs. Rev. R. M. Montgomery, Rev. Dr. H. Preston, C. Corkran, J. Lawrence, Montgomery, Rev. J. Gordon, Rev. W. &c. The meeting was a spirited and Smith, Rev. E. Tagart, Dr. Carpenter, interesting one, and could hardly fail Rev. J. Taplin, Rev. Dr. Hutton, Mr. to be useful in giving a stimulus to all H. Preston, Rev. H. Hawkes, Rev. W. present who are engaged in the blessed Stevens, Rev. W. Jones, and others; work of Sunday-school instruction. We and after an acknowledgment of the were particularly struck with a fact kindness and courtesy of the Chairman, stated by Mr. Corkran, that there was the business of the meeting closed. a lady in the room who had for a long

In the evening, most of the attendants time been in the habit of conducting a on the morning services, with some Sunday-school in her own house, with. considerable additions to their number, out any assistance from others. She amounting together to between 500 and had begun with gathering in a few 600, attended at a Soirée, which was children in her own locality, with the held in the Hall of Commerce, Thread- hope of doing them good; and others needle Street. The room in which the have since joyfully gathered round her; company assembled is one of the most so that every Lord's-day she has now elegant in London, and presented a gay a considerable number whom she is and interesting sight. "Mr. Alderman teaching, and leading, it is hoped, to Lawrence again ably presided ; and in Christ. We could not help wishing, the course of the evening, addresses as we heard this statement, that many were delivered by Revds. E. Tagart, others would go and do likewise. What George Harris, J. Gordon and Dr. numbers of women are there who are Montgomery, which did great credit to feeling time almost a burden, from not the speakers, and gave much pleasure having any object to call forth their to their hearers. As these have been energies and to occupy their attention ! already fully reported in the Inquirer, And how much happier would they be and we hope seen by all our readers, if they could be induced to seek out, we attempt no outline of them. Never, from the multitudes of poor and ignoon any similar occasion, were so many rant children which are, alas ! to be persons present; and the satisfaction found in every large town and city, which all seemed to experience, will, some few to watch over them, and inwe trust, secure a still larger gathering struct and raise up from their degranext year. There can be little doubt of dation! Would it not be a pleasant

VOL. IV.

3 K

thought in their heart, and one for series of works, biographical memoirs which they would have reason to thank of distinguished Christians; and they God all their life long, that they had add, that they thought they could not been enabled and privileged to do this commence such a series better than by service? Would not the smile of a a Memoir of Dr. Carpenter, a divine so redeemed child be brighter and more distinguished for the purity of his life beautiful in their sight,

than the splen- and the ardour of his zeal in the promodour of the most fashionable assembly? tion of all good and Christian objects. And surely the retrospect of labour Referring to the state of the funds bestowed upon the mental and moral and the grants they have made, the culture of that little one, would be far Committee express their hope that a happier than the memory of time de Society based as this upon common voted to unprofitable or frivolous amuse- ground, will continue to meet with that ments! We hope that these annual support so necessary to carry out to the meetings of the Sunday-School Society fullest extent its benevolent and Chriswill be long continued, for to us they tian objects. have always appeared to be amongst The following officers were appointed the most useful of our religious anni- for the ensuing year : Treasurer-Jas. versary gatherings.

Esdaile, Esq. ; Secretary-Mr. J. E.
Clennell; Committee-Revds. Dr. Har-

rison, W. Vidler, S. Wood, Messrs. R. Christian Tract Society.

Dunn, W. Green, J. Hart and J. LawThe annual meeting of this Society rence. took place in Essex - Street chapel, Strand, on Thursday, June 15, 1848. Provincial Assembly of the Presbyterian An appropriate and interesting sermon was preached on the occasion by the

Ministers of the Counties of Lancaster Rev. William James, of Bristol. The

and Chester. object of the service was to excite, if This ancient Nonconformist Assembly possible, a wider and deeper interest in was held on Thursday, June 22, at Gee this interesting and valuable institution. Cross, Hyde. The day was remarkably But in consequence of its following so fine, and the attendance very large. In closely upon the other meetings, the consequence of his removal from Stockattendance was far from being so good port, by illness, the Rev. D. Davis was as could have been desired. Mr. James unable to fulfil the duties of supporter. gave a brief statement of the history The service was in his absence introand operations of the Society, and ap- duced by Rev. James Martineau, whose pealed to his hearers to give it their prayers were characterized by deep deearnest and liberal support. A collec- votional feeling and solemn beauty. The tion was made amounting to about £17. sermon was preached by Rev. P. P. We hope that another year the Com- Carpenter, of Warrington. Taking for mittee will arrange for the sermon to his text 1 Thess. v. 19, Quench not the be delivered, if the plan be continued, spirit, the preacher described the seveat a time when a larger number of per- ral ways in which men may quench the sons will be likely to attend the service. spirit, both in their own hearts and in

After the sermon, the annual meet- the hearts of others. The spirit might ing for business was held, the Rev. Dr. be quenched in their own hearts by the Hutton in the chair. In their report, commission of sin, by the omission to the Committee refer to the steps they do good when the opportunity offers, by have taken to increase the usefulness little acts of personal gratification, by of the Society by communicating with neglecting the means of grace. In the the Secretaries of District Tract Socie- hearts of others it might be quenched by ties and advertising for MSS. These tempting them to wilful sin, by sursteps have been in a great degree suc- rounding men with worldly instead of cessful, and the Committee have now spiritual influences, by treating religion several MSS. which are under con- in a mere controversial spirit, by endeasideration. Two new tracts, “Walks vouring to stop the free exercise of the in a City," and "Bear ye one Another's mind in the search after truth, and curbBurdens,” both from the pen of the ing the spirit in the search after holiness. Rev. T. Bowring, and admirably fitted The preacher concluded with an earnest for distribution by our City Mission- appeal to his brethren in the ministry aries, have been published during the in behalf of the movement for the suppast year. — The Committee also an pression of intemperance. At the close nounce the commencement of a new of the service, the meeting for business took place, the Rev. James Brooks in Ashton) know of any other avowed the chair. The Secretary, Rev. James and professed Unitarian there. KenWhitehead, of Ainsworth, was unfor- dal, Lancaster and Preston were the tunately prevented from attending by nearest places at which

there was public an accident which happened to him in Unitarian worship. With both the proceeding to the railway station at congregations of Kendal and Preston Bury, which, though reported not to be Mr. Ainsworth was connected ; and of serious, disabled

him from pursuing his the latter congregation he was an actual, journey. The Rev. J. G. Robberds though non-resident, member. Under acted as Secretary. The roll of minis- this disadvantage of a remoteness from ters was called over, when the follow- any of our religious societies which ing gentlemen answered their names : precluded all frequency of attendance Revds. R. B. Aspland, of Dukinfield; on their worship, Mr. Ainsworth made Joseph Ashton, of Preston; J. R. Beard, a proposition for the establishment of a D.D., of Manchester; James Brooks, monthly Sunday service at Cleator for of Hyde; Franklin Baker, of Bolton; the ensuing year. He had very natuFrancis Bishop, of Liverpool; P.P. Car- rally looked to the Provincial Meeting penter, of Warrington; William Fil- (as the body of ministers nearest to Jingham, of Congleton; Henry Fogg, him) for assistance in the arrangements of Ormskirk; William Gaskell, of Man- necessary for the carrying out of his chester; Henry Green, of Knutsford; plan.-The communication to the meetC. Hubbard, of Rivington ; G. Hoade, ing which Mr. Ashton now presented of Oldham; Franklin Howorth, of Bury; from Mr. Ainsworth was as follows: J. Layhe, of Manchester ; James Martineau, of Liverpool; Travers Madge, and family occasional religious worship

“Being wishful to obtain for myself of Manchester ; T. E. Poynting, of (wherein the right of private judgment Monton ; J. G. Robberds, of Manches- shall be asserted, individual responsiter; J.

Robberds, of Liverpool; John bility enforced, personal holiness recomRagland, of Hindley; G. V. Smith, of mended, and religion in earnest insisted Manchester ; J.J. Tayler, of Manches- upon), I have alloted for this purpose ter; William Turner, of Manchester ; £60, and should wish, if possible, to ob. G. H. Wells, of Gorton; W. Whitelegg, tain' for this sum twelve services during of Manchester ; John Wright, of Mac- the ensuing year—one of each of the serclesfield. There were also present Rev; vices to take place ou the last Sunday of John Owen, of Lydiate, Yorkshire, and

each month. Mr. Oldham, a minister of the Chris

“Although these services are to be tian Brethren at Dukinfield. Rev. JOSEPH Ashton, of Preston, will be performed in a room open to all,

more private than public, yet, as they begged to submit to the meeting a communication which he had pleasure in and as the adult villagers who may attend bringing before it. It was an appli- never been taught to think either on reli

are almost altogether uneducated, and have cation of a novel kind, perhaps an unprecedented one; but he trusted it gious or any other subjects, I think it de. would not for that reason, when stated, the nature of the discourses—the plainer

sirable to mention that the more practical the less interest the meeting, or be the and more simple the elucidation and the less heartily welcomed and responded to by it. It was from a highly valuable language - the better; and though not lay member of our denomination. The

averse myself to advancing doctrinal subgentleman of whom he spoke, he was jects, yet am under the impression that sure, was very well aware that the life and conduct are the best evidences of

we may do more good by shewing that the Provincial Meeting neither exercised nor affected any synodical jurisdiction

& pure faith. over the congregations it represented

“It appears to me also desirable that in the two counties. But it was from the name of the clergyman, the day on the circumstance of his being resident which be will preach, and the subjects at a somewhat distant point of a not beforehand; as, otherwise, we might have

he will treat upon, should be arranged even contiguous county that the occasion of this application arose.

The
a repetition of subjects.

“ THOMAS AINSWORTH. communication was from Mr. Ainsworth, of Cleator, in Cumberland. Mr.

“The Flosh, Cleator, Ainsworth had now been for some years

June 19, 1848." resident in that neighbourhood. There He regarded this communication to was not in Cumberland a single Uni- the Provincial Meeting as a highly intarian congregation, nor did he (Mr. teresting one, and trusted that the meeting would gladly give its best as- chair. Rev. JAMES MARTINEAU stated sistance to Mr. Ainsworth in the pro- that though no circumstance had lately posed arrangement for carrying his plan called the Association into active serinto effect. Already had Mr. Ains- vice, it was not deemed desirable that worth, in the particular of secular edu- it should be permitted to cease. Emercation, conferred an important bene- gencies might arise in which hereafter, fit upon his neighbourhood by fixi in as heretofore, the Association might a school connected with his works a render important service. To enable very skilful teacher, whose instructions them to act, if circumstances called for were sought through the vicinity. His action, he begged to move the re-approposition appeared to him (Mr. Ash- pointment of the officers of the Asso. ton) as judicious as possible, and to be ciation. Rev. W. FILLINGHAM seconded characterized by the intelligence and the motion, which was carried unanisoundness of judgment which marked mously. his well-directed efforts for the improve- The service being over, most of the ment of his neighbourhood. Mr. Ashton strangers present took the opportunity concluded by suggesting that the Pro- of inspecting the beautiful ecclesiastical vincial Meeting appoint a Committee structure, rapidly approaching to its to communicate with Mr. Ainsworth, completion, which is to be opened for and assist in the requisite arrangements the future use of the congregation on for carrying out his plan.

the 5th of July. (See the AdvertiseA conversation ensued, in which Mr. ment on our Advertising sheet.) The Robberds, Dr. Beard and Mr. Ashton chapel choir attended, and, to test the took part; and the Assembly passed a capabilities of the building for sacred resolution expressive of the great plea- music, sang a hymn accompanied by sure it received from Mr. Ainsworth's the organ. The result was most satiscommunication, and appointing a Com- factory. All the visitors agreed in the mittee to confer with Mr. Ainsworth expression of high admiration of the and carry his wish into effect, the Com- pure taste and finished beauty of the mittee to consist of Revds. Joseph Ash- building, especially of the interior. ton, J. G. Robberds and F. Baker. The ministers and their friends then

A ballot was then held for the sup- proceeded to the Norfolk Arms inn, porter and preacher, and the Secretary where a very handsome dinner was reported that the choice of the Assem- provided (the ministers present being bly had fallen on Mr. Travers Madge the guests of the Hyde congregation). as supporter, and Rev. W. Herford, of Amongst the lay gentlemen were $. Lancaster, as preacher. The next meet- Ashton, Esq., of Pole Bank; Samuel ing was appointed to be held at Chow. Ashton, Jun., Esq., of Oaklands; Ranbent.

dal Hibbert, Esq., of Brookside; A. W. On the motion of Rev. J. J. TAYLER, Thornely, Esq., of Godley,

Robert seconded by Rev. G. V. SMITH, the Andrews, Esq., of Rivington Hall, &c. thanks of the Assembly were voted to The chair was filled by Rev. JAMES Mr. Martineau for his impressive devo- BROOKS, the minister of the place, and tional services, and to Rev. P. P. Car- the vice-chair by the Rev. JAMES MARpenter for his excellent and truly Chris. TINEAU. Between fifty and sixty gentian discourse. A very cordial vote of tlemen sat down. thanks was also passed to Rev. James We cannot profess to give a report Brooks and his congregation for their of all, or a full report of any, of the kind and hospitable reception of the addresses spoken on this occasion. It Assembly

has never fallen to our lot to be present Mr. BROOKS stated that, in accord- at a meeting of more sustained interest, ance with a wish expressed at the pre- and we shall merely glance at a few of vious meeting, he had prepared for the the principal topics dwelt on by the use of the Assembly an historical me. several speakers. All the sentiments moir of his predecessors at Gee Cross; were introduced by the Chairman in a but, straitened as they were for time, series of judicious and happy remarks. he would not now present it, but would, In speaking to the sentiment of “Zeal with the consent and aid of the Editor without Bigotry," Rev. F. HOWORTH of the Christian Reformer, shortly give alluded, as fit illustrations of the senit to them in print.

timent, to the congregation at RossenThe meeting then resolved itself into dale, and to the interesting services one of the Lancashire and Cheshire Pres- which on the previous Sunday he had byterian Association, ROBERT ANDREWS, attended there, when Dr. Montgomery, Esq., of Rivington Hall, taking the of Belfast, had conducted the services

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