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this section of professed believers in Christianity stand second to none. To our orthodox instructors who make light of the teaching relating to such topics, we venture to say, This ought you to have done, and not to have left the other undone. We honour you as expounders of doctrinal truth, and only regret that any class of men should be left to become better exponents than yourselves in reference to some of those departments of excellence to which that truth should lead ; in a word, that you should scruple to teach as worthy of praise the things which you never fail to admire as they come under your observation.”
The reviewer's first objection to modern Unitarianism is, that it is chiefly a system of ethical philosophy which may suit the taste of persons of education and refined moral taste, but is utterly unsuitable to arrest the attention and rouse the conviction of the uneducated multitude. Our reply is, that we value Unitarianism, not as a system of ethical philosophy, but as the doctrine of the Gospel. It does not, certainly, weaken our attachment to Unitarianism to know that it is consistent with the best ethics. The reviewer asserts the superior claims of Evangelical views of religion, on the ground of their better practical results. It is difficult for a sect to defend itself from a charge like this, and not to violate Christian humility. The awkwardness of the defence may perhaps suggest the impropriety of the attack. It is a graceless sight to behold two disciples of a “meek and lowly Master” assailing one another with, “I am holier than thou!" We confess that few Unitarians live entirely up to their religious system. We fear that few religious professors of any kind do. If, indeed, we were conscious that our religious doctrines presented to us a low standard of action, we should certainly distrust their truih. Knowing, as we do, that this is not the case, we accept the reviewer's argument simply as a stimulus to greater faithfulness to our existing religious convictions.-- When the reviewer proceeds to appeal to the argument from numbers, intimating that the mass of believers have been orthodox, we can only smile at his pressing into the service so ancient an argument, which, if of any worth against the Unitarian, is equally strong when used by the Roman Catholic against the Protestant, and may with the same measure of justice be used against both by the Mahommedan. But the reviewer doubtless knows that Unitarianism is not to be snuffed out by a few general considerations in an article. Allegations like the reviewer's are the common property of all partizans, and make little impression. If the reviewer can succeed, as he evidently believes he can, in proving that Scripture evidence is against modern Unitarianism, then, and not till then, it will fall, and deservedly, to the ground.
Art. 6 is a learned review of Miss Martineau's “Eastern Life," which deserves a careful reading. It is entitled, “ Travel and Theology;" but it has little to say to the lady's travels, but some very serious and, as we think, most valid objections to take to her theology. It admits that her own Oriental experience is valuable and interesting, but tells her that she has attempted to grapple with a subject which is too large for her resources;" that her lore, ancient and modern, Eastern and Western, is very far from being enough to justify her in attempting the solution of the great questions with which she has ventured to deal;" and that “the speculations which she has chosen to incorporate with her narrative are very crude, very rash, and very ill-founded.” These are the chief counts of the indictment; with the long array of proofs by which they are sustained we must not now meddle. They chiefly relate to Egypt. But we shall be well pleased if our readers will for themselves weigh the evidence on both sides, “and a true verdict give.”
In Art. 8, the reviewer attempts—we trust, for posterity's sake, in vain-to write down Diaries and Autobiographies. They may, it is true, be largely seasoned with vanity, and often give a distortion to facts; but even from their folly the reader may gather wisdom. They may teach by "a negative example,” and to the historian of after ages they are invaluable materials, especially where their accuracy can be tested by comparison with similar contemporary documents.
As to the twenty pages on the Endowment of Romanism, forming Art. 7, we must confess that we regard it as “much ado about nothing,”–
-a conclusion in which we hope to find ourselves in agreement with a majority of the shrewd electors of the West-Riding of Yorkshire.*
From the minor criticisms we take a sentence from a notice of some sermons of ministers of the Free Church of Scotland :
“Right glad are we to find him" (Mr. Miller, the Editor) “entering his manly protest against the cant of some of our shallow gossips and idlers, that preaching is only a small part of a minister's duty. Most justly does he intimate that these simpletons had better go one step farther, and say that preaching is no part of a minister's duty at all. One thing is sure; the minister who reckons preaching only a small part of his business, will not fail to make a small business of it."
The People's Dictionary of the Bible, Part XXXIX.-One No. more will complete the work, which, unlike most works published in this way, does not exceed the stipulated size or cost. It has been issued with undeviating regularity each month,—a remarkable fact when it is remembered that the undivided burthen of preparing this long series of articles, comprehending in their range nearly every topic in theology and biblical literature, has rested on one mind and pen. We hope in the course of our next volume to review some of the very important topics which the Dictionary has discussed. At present we can do little more than express our satisfaction at its completion. It is a work every way worthy of a scholar, and will do more for diffusing amongst a very wide circle of readers sound biblical information, than any modern English book with which we are acquainted. While giving to the English reader the benefit of all the real light which German scholarship has thrown on the Bible, it takes no heed of the mere sceptical disquisitions and theological conundrums which characterize one school of theologians. The Dictionary is brought to a close in the present No. Then there follow an Accented Index of Scripture Proper Names, and a Select List of Theological and Religious Works, which is copious and catholic—too copious, alas? for the limited means of the greater number of those who study theology. It would be a useful guide to the young student if the learned author of the Dictionary had by some prefix distinguished half-a-dozen books in each department which are essential to the student.
We observe with great satisfaction that the author of the Dictionary proposes to continue his valuable services to truth and sacred literature by editing a series of works, original and translated, to be entitled The Library of Christian Literature. His object is to exhibit the facts which lie at the basis, mark the early progress, and display the triumphs of Christianity. The work is conceived in no sectarian spirit, and it is gratifying to see an attestation to the esteem in which Dr. Beard's attainments are held out of his own denomination, in the three names, heading the subscription list, of Dr. Pye Smith, Dr. Vaughan and Dr. Davidson. There will, we trust, be no lack of support in our own denomination to this useful work, of which every one may form an estimate by looking at the subjects and authors of the early volumes proposed to be included in the series.
* In 1825, we well remember how nobly the freeholders of Yorkshire put down the cry of “No Popery," and sent Lord Milton and Mr. Marshall to Parliament as the representatives of religious liberty. It will be passing strange if the same cry shall now-a-days be permitted to exclude a Fitzwilliam in favour of a Sir Culling Eardley!
spirit and the good judgment with The New Chapel at Mill Hill, Leeds.
which they have carried out the wishes
of their constituents, to their grateful This very beautiful building is rapidly regard. Our readers will be gratified approaching its completion, and we un- by a detailed account of the new buildderstand it is the present purpose of ing, which, like the chapels at Brook the Building Committee to open it for Street, Manchester, Gee Cross, and a public worship on Wednesday, Decem- few others, will do credit to the taste ber 27th, when the dedication sermon and zeal of the English Presbyterians. will be preached by the Rev. Dr. Hut- The plan of the chapel is of an oblong ton, who was for seventeen years the form, 109 feet 10 inches in length from beloved minister of the congregation. north to south, by 43 feet 5 inches in
The building is designed by and built width from east to west, inside the under the superintendence of Messrs. walls. It is divided into centre and Bowman and Crowther, the eminent side aisles, by two rows of pillars and architects of Manchester, who were also arches, each of the side aisles being the architects of the chapel at Gee Cross. about one quarter of the total width of Their design, approved by the Building the chapel. Committee, was adopted by the con- The total length of the chapel is digregation, November 30th, 1846. The vided into eight bays, or compartments, first estimated cost was £5531. To meet marked by the pillars just mentioned; this a building fund was raised, amount the bays on the east side being equal ing to £5458.
and similar, but on the west side the The contracts were let to Messrs. two central bays are united into one, Wilson, Hillas, &c. for £5255. The and the space thus included is occupied farewell sermon in the old chapel was by a single arch of larger and loftier delivered March 14, 1847, and the dimensions than the rest. To the west foundation-stone of the new chapel was of this arch is a bold projection, formlaid at Mill Hill, April 26, by Hamer ing a transept, which extends beyond Stansfeld, Esq., the Chairman of the the west aisle a space about equal to Building Committee.
the width of one bay. The most northThe above sum of £5531 did not in- erly bay is separated from the rest by clude the amounts to be paid in archi- three lofty arches, extending across tects' commission and expenses, salary the full width of the chapel, the space to the clerk of the works, and enlarge- 80 cut off from the centre aisle forming ment of the school-rooms. A few alter the chancel, that to the north-west the ations suggested themselves to the committee-room, and that to the northCommittee in the progress of the work, east the vestry. These two latter and the foundations had to be carried spaces are shut out from the body of to a greater depth than had at first been the chapel by carved wood screens, thought necessary. The additional out- both towards the aisles and towards lay on all these accounts will make the the chancel, the space above the screens entire cost of the new building amount being open to the chapel and forming to £7000. Notwithstanding the severe
small galleries. depression of the times, which is no- Externally, the building presents an where more heavily felt than in a manu- appearance corresponding with its apfacturing district, the deficiency
of about pellation of a chapel, no attempt having £1500 in the building fund will be made been made to impart to it in any degree good (it is probably already done) be- the character of a church. It has neifore the day of opening.
ther tower nor spire: the want of this Before the old chapel was dismantled, important feature has, however, in some the Building Committee, together with measure, been compensated for by a few other leading members of the others presently to be mentioned. congregation, entered into a bond of The style of architecture adopted in indemnity to the Trustees, undertaking the building is the Late Pointed, or to complete the chapel according to the ecclesiastical style in its later deveapproved design, and to deliver it free lopment, as it prevailed in this country of debt to the Trustees on the first day during the fifteenth century, and freof the year 1849. The Building Com- quently called the Perpendicular. mittee are therefore ready to fulfil their In the west elevation, fronting Park bond, and are entitled, for the great Row, the transept projection presents a grand central feature, which, with its completely round the building, broken flanking octagonal turrets and spirelets, only by the octagonal turrets and pinand lofty gable and finial, serves to nacles over the buttresses, and a band break what would otherwise be a flat of corresponding width runs also up the and monotonous front. These octago- gables. Under this parapet is a mouldnal turrets are in their upper stage, ed cornice ornamented with pateræ in from the level of the parapet to the a great variety of devices. springing of the spirelets with which In the interior, this chapel is perhaps they are crowned, of open construction, quite as striking and novel, when its the sides being filled in with pierced purpose is considered, as the exterior. flags; the spirelets themselves are lofty It is too often the case, even in churches, and taper, crocketed at the angles and but especially in Dissenting chapels, terminated with carved finials. The built in the present day, even in cases apex of the gable is also finished with where an expensive and imposing exa carved cross finial. In this transept terior is adopted, that the interior pregable is one of the main entrances to sents a very different aspect from that the chapel (the other being on the which the exterior would lead one to south side), and above it a large win- expect. We are not aware of many dow of five lights, with a transom, and instances (the Unitarian chapel at the head being filled with tracery pro- Hyde is one) where any thing like per to the style, and the jambs and architectural effect has been attempted, mullions richly moulded. Above this in which all the interior arrangements window is a small triangular one near are not quite incongruous, utterly at the apex of the gable. On either side variance with the pretensions exhibited of this central transept is a range of outside, and made, to all appearance, three lofty windows of two lights each, on the old meeting-house principle of between which, and at the extreme accommodating the greatest number in angles of the front, are boldly project, the smallest possible space. ing buttresses, surmounted by panelled In the Mill-Hill chapel, however, and crocketed pinnacles.
the same care and attention have been On the south front, looking towards bestowed on every part of the building, the Commercial Buildings, is a large whether exposed to public view or not. central gable, corresponding in width Here there is no sudden chill of the and height to the central aisle inside: feelings experienced on entering the it is flanked by two octagonal turrets, building, after viewing the beautiful which are, as is also the gable itself, exterior. It is at once evident that treated in a somewhat similar manner the builders of this place of worship to those just described. The turrets in have had other impulses to guide them the south front are, however, built than the love of outward display. They hollow, and contain staircases leading have felt, and shewn that they felt, that to the gallery at the south end. On a House dedicated to the worship of each side of the central gable is a win- Almighty God should be rendered not dow of a single light in the wall form- merely an object of admiration to the ing the south end of the side aisles. passer-by, but in all respects and in
The east front, towards Basinghall every part suitable and worthy of the Street, presents a uniform range of great object for which it is erected. two-light windows and buttresses. A Here both materials and workmanship doorway is also provided on this side, are in all respects genuine and substanbut it will probably not be made use of tial, and of the best description procuin general.
rable of their respective kinds. The north front has the same general The clustered pillars and moulded disposition as that on the south, with arches are all of solid stone, of light the exception of the octagonal turrets, and elegant proportions, and their effect which are here omitted, and bold mas- is not spoiled by the addition of side sive buttresses adopted in their stead. galleries, which in so many chapels
In the general exterior aspect of the completely destroy any good effect building, an important feature consists which the architecture may otherwise in the roof over the centre aisle, and have, not only by intersecting the pilthat over the transept, which are of a lars, but by obscuring and dividing the lofty pitch, and are decorated on the windows. ridge with ornamental tiles. The roofs In this chapel, the only gallery, beover the side aisles are nearly concealed sides the two small ones before menby the parapets. It should have been tioned at the north end, is one extendstated before that an open parapet runs ing across its full width at the south end; this is, however, confined within The whole window is filled with stained the first pillars, and does not, therefore, glass. The three last-named figures appear too obtrusive. In this gallery contain the Cross, the Holy Lamb, and will be placed the organ and singers. the Pelican in her Piety. The others
The roofs, both of centre and side contain the Evangelistic attributes, aisles, are open to the interior. There angels with symbolic devices, holy are no tie-beams, but the roofs are monograms, &c., all beneath minute strengthened by carved braces, of tim- canopies and enriched by foliations. ber, which meet in the centre, and form Beneath these are five of the principal lofty pointed arches. They are sup- lights, being those above the transom : ported on carved stone corbels, the cen- the centre one is occupied with the tral roof having also ornamented brack- figure of our Lord; right and left are ets between the braces and the corbels, those of Saints Matthew, Mark, Luke a row of angels on each side, carved in and John. wood; and in the apex, above each The five figures below the transom pair of curved braces, is a little open are, Saint Peter in the centre, and on tracery, reaching to the ridge.
either side Saints Paul, Thomas, AnThe seats are low, all arranged to drew, and James Minor. Each figure face the north or chancel end; the holds his peculiar emblem of mission whole central area is filled with them, or martyrdom, and is shewn standing and a row is also placed close to the on a variegated pavement. Beneath side walls, the passages being imme. are small pedestals with scrolls inscribed diately on the outside of the pillars. with their several names; on each side The ends of all the seats have stand- of the figures columns rise (these are ards, terminated with carved finials, much enriched by niches occupied by termed“ poppy-heads," of different de- angels) and support magnificent canosigns.
pies which surmount each figure. Each On the east side of the large arch compartment thus constructed is enleading to the chancel, and close to the closed by borders, and emblazoned with pillar, is placed the pulpit, which is symbolic crowns of martyrdom. octagonal in form, the body being of wood, and the stem or pedestal of stone; the former decorated with arches and
Western Unitarian Christian Union. canopies on each side, and the latter On Wednesday, October 25th, the with small shafts having moulded capi. annual meeting of the Western Uni. tals and bases.
tarian Christian Union was held at The communion-table is intended to Exeter. Divine service was commenced be placed at the north end of the chan- soon after eleven in George's meeting, cel, immediately under the great north and was conducted by the Rev. W. window, and will be seen from the James, of Bristol, Secretary to the further end of the chapel, as the floor Union. The sermon was preached by of the chancel is raised above that of the Rev. Charles Wicksteed, of Leeds, the other parts of the building two from Heb. iv. 15: “For we have not steps.
an High Priest that cannot be touched This north window, forming the cen- with the feeling of our infirmities, but tre of the view when standing at the was in all points tempted as we are, south end and looking north, is filled yet without sin;"— from which the with very beautiful stained glass, de- preacher took occasion to draw a paralsigned and executed by Warrington, of lel between the recorded events of our London, who deservedly occupies a Lord's personal life, including the more very eminent position in this depart. trustworthy incidents of the infancy, ment of ecclesiastical art. The design and the actual life of each human being. of the glass corresponds in character To this analogy he traced much of the with the style of the building; that power of Christianity as felt and acis, it belongs to the “Late-Pointed” knowledged by all branches of the period. It consists of two tiers of five church of Christ; and in this perceplights each, separated by a transom tion of the divine realized in the human, with arches and open spandrels. The he shewed the undertone of agreement tracery above the springing is geome- in all systems of theology to lie. He trically divided into five principal fea- then endeavoured to shew huw even tures, containing in the whole twenty- such a truth, by a very free interpreseven apertures, or spandrels, amongst tation, might be said to lie concealed which three quatrefoils are the promi- beneath the ordinary creeds of Chris. nent features, and surmount the whole. tendom. But if so, those creeds ex