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L'Eglise Romaine comparée avec la Bible, les Peres de l'Eglise et l'Eglise Anglicane, en Six Sermons, prechés par l'Evêque LUSCOMBE. Paris, 1839. Londres: Bossange & Co.
THOSE of our readers, who wish to revive their knowledge of the French language may peruse this volume with equal pleasure and profit. The substance of it, Dr. Luscombe ingenuously states in his preface, is derived from the works of Bishops Taylor, Tomline, and Marsh. The six sermons, of which it consists, are a truly valuable compendium of Christian doctrine and Protestant truth. They were delivered in the English church at Paris, during Lent, in the year 1839: and the Bishop has published them with the sole design of instructing those members of the Romish Church in France, who have not the opportunity of consulting the writings of the above-named Prelates. The following are the subjects discussed. 1. The pretended supremacy and infallibility of the Popes of Rome; the sufficiency of Scripture; tradition, transubstantiation, purgatory, pardon and indulgences, veneration of images, confession, communion in one kind, the prohibition of the Scriptures, the performance of Divine service in an unknown tongue, and the validity of the ordination of the Anglican Church. In an Appendix, besides a French version of our Thirty-nine Articles, Dr. Luscombe has adduced numerous passages from the Fathers, and other eminent writers of the Universal Christian Church. These quotations clearly demonstrate the following points, viz.: 1. That the Apostles regarded each other as equal in point of dignity and power; 2. That Peter was not the foundation-stone intended by Christ, but Jesus Christ himself; 3. That the Holy Scriptures ought to be read by every one, and translated into every living language, and not buried in dead languages; 4. That the Holy Scriptures ought to be the only rule of faith, and not the unauthorized modern tradition of the Romish Church; 5. That the doctrine of transubstantiation is not founded on Scripture: and that when Jesus Christ said, "This is my body," the natural and evident sense of these words was, and is, "This is the figure of my body;" 6. 7. That the doctrines of purgatory and of absolution are equally antiscriptural; 8. That the worship of images is pure idolatry; and 9. That the marriage of priests is lawful. In France, where the Popish clergy are assiduously endeavouring to assail the pure faith of the Gospel, held by all the Reformed Churches, such a publication as this must be peculiarly well-timed; while the pious and gentle spirit with which it is written cannot but conciliate every candid and ingenuous Romanist.
Groans of the Grocers-Moans of the Slaves; or, An Address to the Society for the Civilisation of Africa. By an Officer of the Navy. London: Richardson. 1840.
UNDER this very ill-chosen title we find a highly-important pamphlet. The object is a good one, and we wish it all sucThe slave trade is abolished, and slavery has ceased in the British possessions; but the produce of our West India possessions is daily decreasing, while that of the slave-cultivated colonies is proportionably increasing. Something must be done if our Colonies are to be preserved. Now the grocers, and some others, are about to present a petition to Parliament to admit other that is, slave labour sugar; and the consequence would, of course, be the utter ruin of our West India Colonies. The "Naval Officer" shows, clearly enough, that, were emigration encouraged, there would be so great an influx of hill-coolies or labourers from India into British Guiana and our other Western possessions, that their plantations would be soon again in full operation, and the planters contented. We want, say they to our Government, no slaves: if you will permit East Indian labourers to come, we will pay them well and treat them well; they are to be freemen, not apprentices, and we will undertake the expense of their emigration; then you will put a check upon slavery, for then we shall be able to compete with Cuba and other slave colonies. No! say the Government: we will try first at Mauritius, and then, if the experiment succeeds there, you shall have permission to bring over coolies from India. In the meantime, for no short space can suffice to satisfy our Government as to this experiment, our Western Colonies are going downwards-lands out of cultivation, and planters out of spirits. There ought to be no objection-ought to have been none long ago: and then that abominable blot upon human nature, the slave trade, would have been decreasing instead of increasing, as, alas! it is. We shall recur to this subject again; and recommend our readers to read this pamphlet, and Mr. Turnbull's admirable work on Cuba.
The Works of Josephus. Translated by W. WHISTON, A.M.
London: Virtue. 1840. Parts 1 and 2.
AN excellent edition, beautifully printed, and adorned with elegant and apposite illustrations. It has also the merit of wonderful cheapness. We hope that it will tend to make the Jewish Historian better known-or if not better known, at least more extensively read.
The History of Popish Transubstantiation. By JOHN COSIN, D.D. Lord Bishop of Durham. A new edition, revised, with the authorities printed at full length; to which is added a Memoir of the Author by the Rev. J. S. BREWER, M.A. London: 1840. 12mo. BISHOP Cosin's History of Transubstantiation has long been known to divines as a standard treatise in the Popish controversy; for which undertaking he was eminently fitted by his profound knowledge of the works of the ancient ecclesiastical writers. While Charles II. was residing at Cologne (having been compelled to retire from France into Germany by the intrigues of Cardinal Mazarine), the English jesuits, who frequented the court, used all their efforts to induce him to embrace popery. Among other arguments, they urged their great dogma of transubstantiation, which (they boasted) had ever been acknowledged as an article of faith in all ages of the Church. In order to determine the question, an appeal was made to Dr. Cosin, at that time residing at Paris, whither he had been driven to avoid the vexatious persecutions of the rebel government of England, for his unflinching loyalty to his sovereign. Accordingly he produced his justly celebrated history of transubstantiation; which, having remained nineteen years in manuscript, was published in Latin, with his consent, by Dr. Durel, at London, in 1675. In the following year it was translated into English by Luke de Beaulieu, and published also at London. This translation Mr. Brewer has reprinted, not without a careful collation of it with the original Latin; and he has further enriched his edition by adding, at length, the passages cited or referred to by Bishop Cosin: a work of considerable labour, as the Bishop did not always specify either the chapters or pages of the treatises or other documents which he had consulted. Mr. B. has prefixed a well-written memoir of the learned Prelate, and he has added in an appendix, from a manuscript in the Bodleian Library, an account of two conferences held at York House, in 1625, concerning Dr. (afterwards Bishop) Montague's books; in which the subjects of general councils, the doctrine of justification and good works, of merit and desert, falling from grace, baptism and regeneration, &c., are discussed.
At a time when the papists are exerting themselves to the utmost in the propagation of their unscriptural and anti-scriptural modern articles of faith, such a publication as this of Bishop Cosin, which completely exhausts the history of transubstantiation, is peculiarly seasonable. Every theoligical student will do well to add to his library the present beautifully and accurately printed treatise, which Mr. Brewer has edited with great industry, and in a truly scholar-like manner.
Parliamentary Speeches. Parts 1, 2, 3, 4. London: Painter. 1840. THERE are few persons in this vast metropolis who have rendered more service to the good old cause of Conservatism than this indefatigable publisher; and there are few schemes for the furtherance of that cause more praiseworthy and more successful than thus publishing the speeches of our best and greatest statesmen. What would we now give for the debates of the Roman senate, or of our own House of Commons during the reign of Elizabeth? Now a newspaper is torn and destroyed, but this series will embalm the Conservative eloquence of our country: and the speeches of a Peel and a Stanley, a Lyndhurst and a Graham, will no longer depend upon tradition. They are, we find, printed on two kinds of paper one thick, and one manufactured for the purpose, thin enough to go through the post without incurring double postage.
The Book of Illustrations; or, Scripture Truths exhibited by the aid of Similes, original and selected. By the Rev. H. G. SALTER, A.M., Curate and Lecturer of Glastonbury. London: Hatchards. 1840. An elegant volume, of which the original portion is original, and the selected part well selected. The preacher, whose style is rather ornate, will do well to avail himself of Mr. Salter's help: his similes will then be both apposite and beautiful. The simile is too much neglected in ordinary preaching. It arrests the attention, and informs the mind of the hearers; it renders easy of apprehension, and easy of comprehension, subjects which, when treated in the too plain manner of our day, fail to strike the mind at all; and the volume before us, while it supplies a copious fund, furnishes also assistance in the way of using them.
Travels in the Holy Land. By M. DE GERAMB, Monk of La Trappe. London: Colburn. 1840.
WE have gone over the Holy Land with the imaginative La Martine, and with the scarcely less poetical Lord Lindsay. We know, as it seems, every nook about Jerusalem, and turn to each new description as though it told us of the scenes familiar to our childhood. With such feelings we opened the volumes before us, and though the mind of the accomplished author is deeply tinged with the asceticism of his order, his work is characterized by sound sense, and a ready knowledge of the world. We have derived much information and much gratification from M. De Geramb's pilgrimage, and only wish that he belonged to a purer church.
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities.
Parts 1 to 6.
THE object of this work is to supply a want which has been long felt. Adam and Potter, good at their time, have, by the advance of philological knowledge, become obsolete, and it is necessary to make large drafts upon our German neighbours. This dictionary is, therefore, a work not uncalled for; and it is with great pleasure we pronounce that the execution is quite satisfactory. Mr. Donaldson, the learned author of the "New Cratylus," Mr. L. Schmitz, from the University of Bonn, and many other eminent scholars are engaged upon this Dictionary; and it is no small advantage to have articles requiring illustration set off by exquisite wood cuts. The typography of the work is clear and elegant: and the first six parts, extending to C, give a very high promise of the rest.
A Manual of Diseases of the Eye, by S. LITTELL, M.D., revised and enlarged by HUGH HOUSTON, M.R.C.S. London: Churchill. 1840. MEDICAL Works are ordinarily so far out of our track, that we are compelled to pass them over without notice. The treatise before us is, however, so important to the student, that we feel ourselves induced to swerve from our usual plan, and recommend it to the general reader. The preservation of the eye is a matter of so great moment, especially to the studious man, and the information in Mr. Houston's volume so valuable, that we shall render our readers a service by calling their attention to it.
The Life and Times of Martin Luther. By the Author of "Three Experiments in Living." London: Green. 1840.
WE are glad to see standard American works reprinted in England. The one before us is by a lady, and is highly meritorious. It is in the form of a tale: but the fictitious parts are only as much as were necessary to connect the history of the great Reformer and his friends into a pleasing and instructive narrative.
Sonnets written strictly in the Italian style; to which is prefixed an Essay on Sonnet writing, by the Rev. WILLIAM PULLING, M.A., A.L.S., Sid: Suss. Coll. Cam. Rector of Dymchurch and Blackmanstone, Kent. London: Bohn. 1840.
In this little volume the admirer of the sonnet will find an excellent essay, and much curious research. The sonnets of Mr. Pulling himself do not, however, soar above mediocrity; and this is more obvious, as, in his interesting essay prefixed, he has given some of the most beautiful sonnets of Petrarca, Sidney, Shakspeare, Daniels, and Drayton.