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my book, and which would float out on to the floor; he sent me up to be flogged for it?”
“ Yes, I remember it very well.”
“ Well, the Doctor, after he'd flogged me, told me himself that he didn't flog me for using a translation, but for taking it into lesson, and using it there when I hadn't learnt a word before I came in. He said there was no harm in using a translation to get a clue to hard passages, if you'd tried all you could first to make them out without.”
“ Did he though ?” said Tom; 6 then Arthur must be wrong."
« Of course he is,” said Gower, “the little prig. We'll only use the crib when we can't construe without it. Go ahead, East.”
And on this agreement they started. Tom satisfied with having made his confession, and not sorry to have a locus pænitentiæ, and not to be deprived altogether of the use of his old and faithful friend.
The boys went on as usual, each taking a sentence in turn, and the crib being handed to the one whose turn it was to construe. Of course Tom couldn't object to this, as, was it not simply lying there to be appealed to in case the sentence should prove too hard altogether for the construer ? But it must be owned that Gower and East did not make very tremendous exertions to conquer their sentences before having recourse to its help. Tom, however, with the most heroic virtue and gallantry, rushed into his sentence, searching in a high-minded manner for nominative and verb, and turning over
his dictionary frantically for the first hard word which stopped him. But in the meantime Gower, who was bent on getting to fives, would peep quietly into the crib, and then suggest, “Don't you think this is the meaning ?” “ I think you must take it this way, Brown;" and as Tom didn't see his way to not profiting by these suggestions, the lesson went on about as quickly as usual, and Gower was able to start for the fives'-court within five minutes of the half hour.
When Tom and East were left face to face, they looked at one another for a minute, Tom puzzled, and East chock full of fun, and then burst into a roar of laughter.
“ Well, Tom," said East, recovering himself, “ I don't see any objection to the new way. It's about
as good as the old one, I think; besides, the advan· tage it gives one of feeling virtuous, and looking down on one's neighbours."
Tom shoved his hand into his back hair. “ I ain't so sure,” said he ; “ you two fellows carried me off my legs; I don't think we really tried one sentence fairly. Are you sure you remember what the Doctor said to you?”
“ Yes. And I'll swear I couldn't make out one of my sentences to-day. No, nor never could. I really don't remember," said East, speaking slowly and impressively, “ to have come across one Latin or Greek sentence this half, that I could go and construe by the light of nature. Whereby I am sure Providence intended cribs to be used.”
6. The thing to find out,” said Tom, meditatively, 6 is, how long one ought to grind at a sentence without looking at the crib. Now I think if one fairly looks out all the words one don't know, and then can't hit it, that's enough.”
“ To be sure, Tommy," said East, demurely, but with a merry twinkle in his eye. “ Your new doc-' trine too, old fellow,” added he, “ when one comes to think of it, is a cutting at the root of all school morality. You'll take away mutual help, brotherly love, or in the vulgar tongue giving construes, which I hold to be one of our highest virtues. For how can you distinguish between getting a construe from another boy, and using a crib? Hang it, Tom, if you're going to deprive all our schoolfellows of the chance of exercising Christian benev. olence and being good Samaritans, I shall cut the concern.”
“ I wish you wouldn't joke about it, Harry; it's hard enough to see one's way, a precious sight harder than I thought last night. But I suppose there's a use and an abuse of both, and one'll get straight enough somehow. But you can't make out anyhow that one has a right to use old vulgusbooks and copybooks.”
“Hullo, more heresy! how fast a fellow goes down hill when he once gets his head before his legs. Listen to me, Tom. Not use old vulgusbooks—why, you Goth! ain't we to take the benefit of the wisdom, and admire and use the work of past generations ? Not use old copybooks! Why
you might as well say we ought to pull down Westminster Abbey, and put up a go-to-meeting shop with churchwarden windows; or never read Shakspeare, but only Sheridan Knowles. Think of all the work and labour that our predecessors have bestowed on these very books, and are we to make their work of no value ?”.
" I say, Harry, please don't chaff ; I'm really serious.”
6 And then, is it not our duty to consult the pleasure of others rather than our own, and above all that of our masters ? Fancy then the difference to them in looking over a vulgus which has been carefully touched and retouched by themselves and others, and which must bring them a sort of dreamy pleasure, as if they'd met the thought or expression of it somewhere or another—before they were born perhaps; and that of cutting up, and making picture-frames round all your and my false quantities, and other monstrosities. Why, Tom, you wouldn't be so cruel as never to let old Momus hum over the “O genus humanum' again, and then look up doubtingly through his spectacles, and end by smiling and giving three extra marks for it; just for old sake's sake, I suppose.”
“ Well," said Tom, getting up in something as like a huff as he was capable of, it's deuced hard that when a fellow's really trying to do what he ought, his best friends 'll do nothing but chaff him and try to put him down.”
THE ENEMY'S DEFENCE.
355 And he stuck his books under his arm and his hat on his head, preparatory to rushing out into the quadrangle, to testify with his own soul of the faithlessness of friendships.
“ Now don't be an ass, Tom,” said East, catching hold of him, “you know me well enough by this time; my bark's worse than my bitę. You can't expect to ride your new crotchet without anybody's trying to stick a nettle under his tail and make him kick you off: especially as we shall all have to go on foot still. But now sit down and let's go over it again. I'll be as serious as a judge.”
Then Tom sat himself down on the table, and waxed eloquent about all the righteousnesses and advantages of the new plan, as was his wont whenever he took up any thing; going into it as if his life depended upon it, and sparing no abuse which he could think of of the opposite method, which he denounced as ungentlemanly, cowardly, mean, lying, and no one knows what besides. “ Very cool of Tom," as East thought, but didn't say, “ seeing as how he only came out of Egypt himself last night at bedtime."
“ Well, Tom,” said he at last, “ you' see when you and I came to school there were none of these sort of notions. You may be right—I dare say you are. Only what one has always felt about the masters is, that it's a fair trial of skill, and last between us and them-like a match at