Politics, Shipping, and the Repeal of the Navigation Laws
Manchester University Press, 1990 - 209 pagina's
The repeal of the Navigation Laws in 1849 brought to an end two centuries of legislative protection for British shipping, setting a pattern in the maritime sphere which has lasted until the present day. The end of the laws has proved a less compelling political event than the abolition of the Corn Laws, to which it has sometimes been seen as a mere postscript; and confusion as to how much protection the Navigation Laws provided in the 1840s has led some to conclude that repeal had little practical significance.
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British shipping in the last decades of protection
The shipping interest
Ships colonies and commerce
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allow amendment America argument Association bill Board of Trade Britain British shipping campaign carry central clear coasting trade colonial commerce Commons concerned connection considerable continued countries debate direct doubt duties economic effect evidence existing fact favour February foreign free trade further given Gladstone History House importance industry issue January June Labouchere later legislation liberal Liverpool London Lord John Russell Lords majority March maritime means measure meeting merchant Navigation Laws navy noted offered Office opinion opposition Parliament parliamentary party petitions political ports powers prepared present principle produced proposed protection Protectionists proved question reciprocity remained repeal Report representatives response restrictions Russell S. C. Navigation Laws seamen Select Committee shipbuilding shipowners shipping interest side Society Stanley steam suggested Sunderland Third Series told tonnage tons treaties United vessels vote Whigs witnesses Young