tiler, Baron Dunboyne; Mac Patric de Courcy, Baron; Bourke, Baron Castleconnel; Ulic, Bourke, and his son Richard, Earl of Clanrickard; Theobald Bourke, son of Richard, surnamed Tiboid na Luinge, or Theobald of Ships; Mac Fheoris, or Birmingham, Baron Dunmore; Henry, William, and Gerald Fitzgeralds, Lords of Kildare; S. Laurence, Baron of Hoath; Preston, Lord Gormonstown; Nugent, Baron of Delvin; Fleming, Baron of Slane; Barnwell, Baron of Ballysmale, in Meath; Plunket, Baron of Louth, in Meath; Plunket, Baron Dunsany; Plunket, Baron of Killeen, and many more. T. 3. 1. 1. fol. 114, &c.

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3. His sixth chapter, pag. 74, is intitled, “An

Inquiry how the Irish Gentry, Clergy, and

People could have so long and so patiently "borne with the innovations and daring per"secutions of the Reformers, as they did from "the Reign of Henry VIII, to the Tirone

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war;" and he attributes it chiefly to their domestic broils; for, says he, not only the New Irish, or Anglo-Irish, made war on the ancient Milesians, and were attacked in turn by

them, but the New were at war with the New, and the Ancient equally at war amongst themselves; and as every house divided against itself shall be desolate, it happened, by a just judg ment of God, that whilst they were thus engaged in family feuds, they allowed the Refor mation to advance gradually; for even when some Irish Chieftains warred against England, most of the others were in the English interests, down to the great and furious war of Tirone; and even then, they who confederated against England were by far the fewer number, so that the Catholics aided the Heretics against Catholics, whereas if they had cordially united in one common cause, there is no doubt, and the English themselves acknowledge it, that they would have infallibly shaken off the English yoke.*

4. I feel perfectly satisfied of the truth of this account, not only because it is that of an Eyewitness, an Irishman, and a Catholic, who men

Hist. Cathol. Ulyssipone, 1621. t. 2, 1. 2. fol. 74. and again fol. 113, &c.

tions it with shame and sorrow, as the Irish Gazette of his day, but also because it is confirmed by another Eye-witness, of a different religion, and of a different party, who gives it as matter of astonishment to himself; * and because it corresponds with the whole tenor of the Lord Deputy Perrott's Composition with the Irish Chiefs in 1585, the original counterpart of which, a folio manuscript on vellum, is preserved at Stowe.-Morryson refers the first religious war between the Irish Protestant and the Irish Catholic to 1591, and even then he says expressly, that it was not a war of religious acrimony, but that then, for the first time, the name of Religion was made use of as a cloke of treason. The truth is, that the first signal of

"No Irish of account repaired to the Spaniards, except some Dependents of Florence Mac Carthy, who was then in "prison, and had invited them over. Don Juan offered Six "Shillings a day to every horseman among the Irish that "would joyne his standard. So that it is a wonder unto us, "that, from present staggering, they fall not into flat defec"tion." Morryson's Irel, fol. 136, ann. 1601.


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+ Morryson's Irel. 1591, fol. pag. 11.-Carve says, "Post

quam Hugo O'Neal comitis Tiroenensis titulum obtinuit

a religious war, was a Plume which was presented to Hugh Earl of Tirone on the

part of

"postmodum, ob immanem Elizabethæ Reginæ in Catholicos "in Hibernia persecutionem, cum Potentibus Provinciæ “(Ultonia) se conjunxit, qui unanimi consensu omnes quas "poterant vires contraxerunt, ad Catholicæ Religionis defen“sionem." Carvei Lyra Hibernica, Sulzbaci 1666, p. 121.

Lord Deputy Perrot's Administration.

It is certain that a war of Religion was not heard of in Ireland until after the departure of Lord Deputy Perrot in 1588, as appears from his Life, from the original MS. written in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, and published Lond. 1728.This coeval author says, that

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"Leaveing all thinges in good order and the Contrie in

tranquillitie, he gave unto the cittie of Dublyn a fayre "standing guilt bowle, which passeth from one Maior to "another in Dublyn yerely, with his Armes engraven, and “the Parrott on the toppe, about the beake whereof were "written these wordes, Relinquo in pace, meaning that he "left the Cittie, Contrie, and People in peace, which was


very treu, and well knowen to be soe, for at the delivery of the Sword unto Sir William Fitz Williams, who "succeeded hym, he said these wordes in the hearinge of many "honourable and worshipful persons, whereof some are yet

living, "Now my Lord Deputy I have delivered you the "Sword with the Contrie in firm peace,....there is no ill "mynded or suspected person in this kingdom which can "carrie but six swords after him into the fielde, but if you will "name hym, and shall desire to have hym, notwithstanding "that I have resigned the Sword, yet will I send for any such, "and if they come not in on my worde, I will loose the credite "and reputation of all my services." To which the Lord


the Pope, by Matthæus de Oviedo, a Spanish Franciscan Friar, who was appointed soon after to the See of Dublin, and who is well known as a most active incendiary, and agent for Philip II, in the history of that time.*

Candour obliges us to acknowledge, says Le

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"Deputy did answer- "I know you can do this Sir John "Perrott, but there is no neede thereof, for all is as well as "it needes to be, and so I confess it."

"At his departure out of Dublyn, there were many "Gentlemen of great worth come thither to take theyr leave "of hym, amongst whom the old O'Neal, Turlough Leinough, "with divers others; and he, in the greate reverence and love "that he bare to Sir J. Perrott, did not only come to Dublyn "to bid him farewell, but tooke boate, and saw him on shippe"boarde, looking after hym as far as ever he could kenne the "shippe under sayle, when he shedde teares, as if he had been "beaten. The lyke did others of good note and name at that "time; allso a greate number of poore contry people came "thither at his departure, some that dwelt twenty, some forty myles or more from Dublyn, and many of them that had never seen him before. Yet they did strive and covet, as he went "thorow the streetes, if they could not take hym by "the hand, yet to touch his garment; all praying for hym, "and for his longe life; and when he asked them why they "did soe, they answered, that they never had enjoyed theyr owne with peace before his tyme, and did doubt they should "never doe soe agayn when he was gone." Pag. 297, &c.

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* O'Sullivan's Hist. Cathol. fol. 167. Carew's Pacata Hib. p. 170. Oviedo's Letters ibid. and p. 198.

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