Work and Authority in Industry: Managerial Ideologies in the Course of Industrialization

Voorkant
Transaction Publishers, 1963 - 464 pagina's
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Work and Authority in Industry analyzes how the entrepreneurial class responded to the challenge of creating, and later managing, an industrial work force in widely differing types of industrial societies: the United States, England, and Russia. Bendix's penetrating re-examination of an aspect of economic history largely taken for granted was first published in 1965. It has become a classic. His central notion, that the behavior of the capitalist class may be more important than the behavior of the working class in determining the course of events, is now widely accepted. The book explores industrialization, management, and ideological appeals; entrepreneurial ideologies in England's early phase of industrialization; entrepreneurial ideologies in eighteenth- and nineteenth-century Russia; the bureaucratization of economic enterprises; and the American experience with -industrialization. This essential text will interest those in the fields of political science, industrial relations, management studies, as well as comparative sociologists and historians.

 

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Inhoudsopgave

Industrialization Management and Ideological Appeals
1
b Industrialization and Entrepreneurial Ideologies in Sociological Perspective
6
PART ONE
22
b The Traditionalism of Labor
34
c Traditionalism and the Management of Labor
46
d Traditionalism and the Ideology of Class Relations
60
e The Ideological Break with Traditionalism
73
f The Denial of Responsibility the Claims to Authority and the Demand for SelfDependence
86
c Scientific Management and Managerial Ideology
274
2 Changes in emphasis offer World War I
281
d Changing Images of Man in Industry in the 1920s and 1930s
287
1 Managerial conceptions of The Worker
288
2 Managerial conceptions of The Manager
297
e The Contribution of Elton Mayo to Managerial Ideology
308
f Managerial Appeals and the Limitations of Managerial Power
319
Managerial Ideologies in the Russian Orbit
341

g The Formulation of an Entrepreneurial Ideology
99
Entrepreneurial Ideologies in Eighteenth and NineteenthCentury Russia
117
b Social Classes and Economic Change in EighteenthCentury Russia
128
2 Aristocratic privileges and economic enterprises on landed estates
134
3 Economic growth and autocratic rule
143
c The Tsar the Aristocracy and the Serfs
150
d The Ideologies of the Masters
162
e The Management of Industry in an Autocratic Regime
174
f The Problem of Labor Management in a Revolutionary Era
190
PART TWO
198
b Ideologies and the Ethics of Work Performance
202
c Indexes of Bureaucratization
211
d The Bureaucratization of Management
226
e Managerial Problems and Alternatives
244
PART THREE
254
b The Ideology of the Open Shop
267
b The Structure of Controls over Economic Enterprises
352
c The Manipulation of Controls over Economic Enterprises
367
d Party and Tradeunion in Response to a Crisis
387
e The Contact with the Masses
400
f The Isolation of the Activists
417
Conclusion Industrialization Ideologies and Social Structure
433
Changes in Ideology
435
Historical Significance of Ideological Change
438
Theoretical Significance of Ideologies
441
Ideologies Industrial Bureaucracy and Totalitarianism
444
Summary
448
Credits
451
Author Index
453
Subject Index
455
Copyright

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Pagina xxvi - ... charisma' will be applied to a certain quality of an individual personality by virtue of which he is set apart from ordinary men and treated as endowed with supernatural, superhuman, or at least specifically exceptional powers or qualities. These are such as are not accessible to the ordinary person, but are regarded as of divine origin or as exemplary, and on the basis of them the individual concerned is treated as a leader.
Pagina xxxii - The civil element is composed of the rights necessary for individual freedom - liberty of the person, freedom of speech, thought and faith, the right to own property and to conclude valid contracts, and the right to justice.
Pagina xxiii - The interest of the community is one of the most general expressions that can occur in the phraseology of morals: no wonder that the meaning of it is often lost. When it has a meaning it is this. The community is a fictitious body, composed of the individual persons who are considered as constitutinc as it were its members.
Pagina 23 - The function of entrepreneurs is to reform or revolutionize the pattern of production by exploiting an invention, or, more generally, an untried technological possibility for producing a new commodity or producing an old one in a new way, by opening up a new source of supply of materials or a new outlet for products, by reorganizing an industry, and so on.

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