Intervals, Scales, Tones and the Concert Pitch C

Temple Lodge Publishing, 2004 - 198 pagina's
Why is it that certain intervals, scales, and tones sound genuine, while others sound false? Is the modern person able to experience a qualitative difference in a tone's pitch? If so, what are the implications for modern concert pitch and how instruments of fixed tuning are tuned?

Renold tackles these and many other questions and provides a wealth of scientific data. Her pioneering work is the result of a lifetime of research into the Classical Greek origin of Western music and the search for modern developments. She deepens our musical understanding by using Rudolf Steiner's spiritual science as a basis, and she elucidates many of his puzzling statements about music.

The results of her work include the following discoveries:

  • The octave has two sizes (a 'genuine' sounding octave is bigger than the "perfect octave").
  • There are three sizes of "perfect fifths."
  • An underlying "form principle" for all scales can be found.
  • Equal temperament is not the most satisfactory method of tuning a piano.
  • She provides a basis for some of Steiner's statements, such as, "C is always prime," and "C = 128 Hz = Sun."
Here is a valuable resource for those who wish to understand the deeper, spiritual aspects of music.

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Geselecteerde pagina's


Introduction and General Outline
Terminology Used for the Different Types of Intervals Tones and Scales
The Twelfthtone Row the True Intervals and a Comparison with the Just
The Octave and the Harmonic Geometric and Arithmetic Means in Music
The Seven Aulos Modes of Ancient Greece
Aulos Modes and Just Scales
Greek Scale Names
The Scale of Twelve Fifths
The True C Major Scale and Two Indications Rudolf Steiner Gave to Wilhelm
Rudolf Steiners Tone Spiral
The Secret of the Octave Open Fourths and Fifths and Resonating Difference
A New Method of Tuning the Scale of Twelve Fifths
Structure of the Newly Tuned Scale of Twelve Fifths
Absolute Pitch and c 128 Hz
How to 15uild and Use a Monochord
Addresses of Instrument Makers Known to Us Who Build Instruments

The Individual Quality of the Single Tones and Rudolf Steiners Concert Pitch
Details of the Inherent Qualities of the Tones C and A c 128 and 130 828
The Tones of the Aulos Sun Mode and the Tone c 128 Hz

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Over de auteur (2004)

Maria Renold (1917-2003) spent her childhood in the U.S., where her parents emigrated to establish a eurythmy school in New York. She studied eurythmy and later violin and viola and toured with the Bush Chamber Orchestra and the Bush String Quartet. One of Renoldįs deeply-felt questions concerned the correct concert pitch. When she heard of Rudolf Steinerįs concert pitch suggestion of c = 128 Hz, she put it into practice immediately, and experimented with it for many years in both America and Europe. She discovered a new method of tuning the piano, closer to the tuning of stringed instruments, arriving at the concert pitch of a1 = 432 Hz. First published in German in 1985, her book has become a modern classic of musical research.

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