From the American System to Mass Production, 1800-1932: The Development of Manufacturing Technology in the United States

Voorkant
JHU Press, 1985 - 411 pagina's

David A. Houndshell's widely acclaimed history explores the American "genius for mass production" and races its origins in the nineteenth-century "American system" of manufacture.

Previous writers on the American system have argued that the technical problems of mass production had been solved by armsmakers before the Civil War. Drawing upon the extensive business and manufacturing records if leading American firms, Hounshell demonstrates that the diffusion of arms production technology was neither as fast now as smooth as had been assumed. Exploring the manufacture of sewing machines and furniture, bicycles and reapers, he shows that both the expression "mass production" and the technology that lay behind it were developments of the twentieth century, attributable in large part to the Ford Motor Company.

Hounshell examines the importance of individuals in the diffusion and development of production technology and the central place of marketing strategy in the success of selected American manufacturers. Whereaas Ford was the seedbed of the assembly line revolution, it was General motors that initiated a new era with its introduction of the annual model change. With the new marketing strategy, the technology of "the changeover" became of paramount importance. Hounshell chronicles how painfully Ford learned this lesson and recounts how the successful mass production of automobiles led to the establishment of an "ethos of mass production," to an era in which propoments of "Fordism" argued that mass production would solve all of America's social problems.

 

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Glenn Porter notes in his forward that Hounshell demonstrates the spread of "mass production technologies": The techniques were spread and improved by a close-knit network of key mechanics, who moved ... Volledige review lezen

Inhoudsopgave

Introduction
1
0
2
Gunstocks 1822
36
1838
52
Movement 1839
59
The Sewing Machine and the American System
67
1852
74
1851
83
The Ford Motor Company and the Rise of Mass
217
Company Piquette Avenue Factory
222
The Limits of Fordism and the Coming
263
The Ethos of Mass Production and Its Critics
303
The Evolution of the Expression The American
331
Singer Sewing Machine Artifactual Analysis
337
Notes
345
1
353

1865
94
Machine
108
2
127
Brothers Factory ca 1890
151
The McCormick Reaper Works and American
153
1896
207
2
377
Bibliography
385
3
391
Index
399
Copyright

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Over de auteur (1985)

David A. Hounshell teaches history at the University of Delaware and is curator of technology at the Hagley Museum in Wilmington.

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