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26. Here too Albani's pencil charms the eye ;] John baptising Christ, by Francis Albani, who died 1660.
ibid. Sweet modest charms the Virgin's cheek adorn,] An assumption of the Virgin Mary, by Morellio. W.
ibid. The next gay room is known by Carlo's name,] The green-velvet drawing-room is called the Carlo Maratti room, from being filled with pictures by that master and his scholars. W,
Carlo Maratti was born at Rome, 1625; was a scholar of Andrea Sacchi; and died 1713. W.
ibid. Look on yon Pope, nor wonder if he speaks.] A portrait of Clement IX. W. ibid. Spread sportive Loves and laughing Cherubs
round;] He painted the Judgment of Paris, in this room, when he was 83. W.
27. With summer here the cloth Bassano warms,] The Bassans, father and sons, were very entinent landscape painters about the middle and towards the end of the sixteenth century. W.
28. On the sad cloth the world's great Master dead.] Christ laid in the sepulchre, by Parmegiano. W.
ibid. Whose life insatiate war itself could spare.] Francis Mazzuoli, commonly called Parmegiano, was born 1504, and died 1540. There is a story of this master at the taking of Parma, like that of Archi. medes, and also like that of Protogenes, at the taking of Rhodes, while he was painting his famous Ialysus.
28. Now, as Aeneas in the Stygian glades
Wondering beheld departed heroes shades,
Amidst the forms of worthies dead we range,] In the yellow drawing-room are portraits, by Van Dyck, of lord chief baron Wandesford, lord and lady Wharton, their daughters, archbishop Laud, king Charles the first and his queen. The portrait of the earl of Danby now hangs in the great parlour.
ibid. The next great form with melancholy eye,] Charles the first. W.
29. But see where Kneller now our eye commands] Sir Godfrey Kneller. W.
ibid. See mighty William's fierce determin'd eye,] King William the third on horseback. W. ibid. Next in the steady lines of Brunswick's face,
Majestic manly honesty we trace ;] George the first on horseback. W. 31. What strokes, what colors, Snyders could command!
How great the power of Rubens' daring hand!] The four markets, by Rubens and Snyders. W. ibid. See! Mola next the Roman deeds displays,
That bids our hearts be patriot as we gaze.] The stories of Curtius and Cocles, by Mola, born 1609, died 1665. W.
ibid. Here Julio's wondrous buildings still appear,] A piece of architecture, by Julio Romano, born 1492, died 1546. W.
ibid. Great shade of Poussin ! from the Muse receive] Here are the stories of Scipio's continence, and of 1
Moses striking the rock, by Nicolo Poussin, born 1594, and died 1665. W.
33. With scenes too sad Salvator strives to please,] A very capital picture of the prodigal son on his knees at prayers amidst the herd of swine, by Salvator Rosa, born 1614, and died 1673. W.
ibid. Pure beams of light around the Virgin play,] The famous picture, by Guido, of the doctors of the church disputing on the immaculate conception. Guido Reni, born 1575, and died 1642. W. 34. Thee too, Lorrain, the well-pleas'd Muse should
name,] Claud. Gille of Lorrain, born 1600, and died 1682. W.
ibid. Nor e'er forget Domenichini's fame,] Domenico Zampieri, commonly called Domenichini, born 1561, and died 1641. W.
ibid. May we like Walpole, meet the fatal day!] Catharine Shorter, first wife to Sir Robert Walpole, whose merits are inscribed by her youngest son, the honorable Horace Walpole, on the tomb he erected in Westminster-Abbey, at once a monument of piety and taste.
Page 35. For a more particular account of these venerable ruins, the Reader is refered to Mr. Gilpin's “ Observations on the river Wye," p. 31, &c.
35. See the ridg'd tide with sober grandeur heave,
And float in triumph o'er the river-wave.] This manner of the coming-in of the tide to the river Severn is called the Eager, or the Hyger, of the Severn. There is a beautiful allusion to it in bishop Sprat's History of the Royal Society. D.
36. Here, noble Stafford, thy unfinish'd dome,] The remains of a noble seat bugun by Stafford Duke of Buckingham. Davies. ibid. Ard thence the long-stretch'd race of Berkeley
come.] Berkeley-castle, the seat of the Earl of Berkeley.
37. Where Vaga mingles with Sabrina's tide.] The rivers Wye, and Severn. D.
ibid. Ascending Chepstow shews its castled seat.] Chepstow.castle in Monmouthshire, the seat of the Duke of Beaufort. D.
Page 39. Dr. Yalden, or, as Wood styles him, Youlding, was a younger son of John Youlding who had been page to Charles I. when Prince, and after the Restoration, an exciseman at Oxford. Our Au. th•r, born in that city, from being originally a chorister of Maydalen, became a demy and probationer fellow. He took the degree of Doctor in Divinity in the year 1708.
EPISTLE VI. Page 47. The two Ladies here addressed, were the honorable Miss Lowthers, daughters to the late Lord Lonsdale.
ibid. From sulph'rous damps, &c.] The coal mines near Whitehaven are greatly infested with fulminating damps ; large quantities of them being frequently cola lected in those deserted works, which are not venti. lated with perpetual currents of fresh air: and, in such works, they often remain for a long time, with. out doing any mischief. But when, by some accident, they are set on fire, they then produce dreadful explosions, very destructive to the miners; and bursting out of the pits with great impetuosity, like the fiery eruptions from burning mountains, force along with them ponderous bodies to a great height in the air.
ibid. From bursting streams, &c.] The coal in these mines hath, several times, been set on fire by the fulminating damp, and hath continued burning for many months ; until large streams of water were conducted into the mines, and suffered to fill those parts where the coal was on fire. By such fires, several collieries have been intirely destroyed ; of which there are instances near Newcastle, and in other parts of England, and in the shire of Fife in Scotland ; in some of which places, the fire has continued burning for ages. But more mines have been ruined by inundations.