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them there, melt them, &c. What can be more plain and definite? This was all literally fulfilled in Jerusalem 1800 years since, in strict accordance with the prediction of our Saviour, in Matt. 13: 41, 43. What more is necessary to make the subject perfectly plain to every one?
ON THE LAKE OF FIRE, LAKE OF FIRE AND BRIMSTONE, AND SECOND DEATH.
Those passages wherein the phrases LAKE OF FIRE, LAKE OF FIRE and BRIMSTONE, and SECOND DEATH, occur.
Rev. 20: 14, 15. And death and hell (hades) were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death. And whosoever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire.
Rev. 19: 20. And the beast was taken, and with him the false prophet that wrought miracles before him, with which he deceived them that had received the mark of the beast, and them that worshipped his image. These both were cast alive into the lake of fire, burning with brimstone.
Rev. 20: 10. And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are, and shall be tormented day and night forever and ever.
Rev. 21: 8. But the fearful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, and whoremongers, and sorcerers, and idolaters, and all liars, shall have their part in the lake which burneth with fire and brimstone; which is the second death.
SECOND DEATH. Rev. 2: 11. He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; He that overcometh shall not be hurt of the second death.
Rev. 20 6. Blessed and holy is he that hath part in the first resurrection; on such the second death hath no power; but they shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign with him a thousand years.
Verse 14. And death and hell (hades) were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death.
Rev. 21: 8. But the fearful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, and whoremongers, and sorcerers, and idolaters, and all liars, shall have their part in the lake which burneth with fire and brimstone, which is the second death
Brief Remarks on the foregoing Section.
The word fire, and the phrases everlasting and eternal fire, and the furnace of fire, are all explained in their proper places. In this subject we have the lake of fire and brimstone. Brimstone is well known to be a very ignitible substance, and, when in contact with fire, to produce a most destructive and deadly effusion. The figure was evidently used to signify the deleterious and pungent consequence of aggravated crime. The expression, lake of fire and brimstone, occurs nowhere in the Bible excepting in the book of Revelation. Fire and brimstone are used as figures in different parts of the Bible, and always represent afflictions and trials in this life. In Job 18: 15, it is said (in speaking of the wicked), "Brimstone shall be scattered upon his habitation." In Ps. 11: 6, it is said, " Upon the wicked he shall rain snares, fire and brimstone, and an horrible tempest: this shall be the portion of their cup." Now, no one will suppose that David had an allusion to eternity when he said, "the Lord should rain snares, fire, brimstone, and an horrible tempest upon the wicked!" His expression was figurative, and to be accomplished in this world. In Isa. 34: 9, 10, in speaking of the land of Idumea, it is said, " And the streams thereof shall be turned into pitch, and the dust thereof into brimstone, and the land thereof shall become burning pitch. It shall not be quenched night nor day; the smoke thereof shall go up ever from generation to generation it shall lie waste; none shall pass through it forever and ever." Ezekiel, in speaking of the wicked and disobedient, declares that the Lord will send upon them an overflowing rain, and great hail-stones, fire and brimstone. In Rev. 19: 20, it is said of the beast and false prophet, that "these both were cast alive into the lake of fire, burning with brimstone." No one can suppose that people can be cast alive into a lake of fire and brimstone, in the spirit-world. And, in 20: 10, it is said, "The devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are, and shall be tormented day and night forever and ever. Here we have the same lake, and those who are therein shall be tormented day and night, forever and ever. If there be day and night in eternity, then must there also be a sun to rise and set, to divide the time and
tell the rolling year, even in eternity! Let the opinions of men be
But it is said that "the fearful, unbelieving, &c., with all liars, shall have their part in the lake which burneth with fire and brimstone; which is the second death." Very true! It is also said that "death and hell were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death." Rev. 20: 14. Also, in 6: 8, it is said that there was a "pale horse; and his name that sat upon him was death, and hell followed with him." There was also a "beast with seven heads and ten horns," with many other things which might be named, all of which must have a like interpretation. Now, if "death and hell," the "beast and his rider," the "seven heads and ten horns," are used as figures, then, certainly, the lake of fire burning with brimstone, into which the above were cast, must also be a figure, representing the fall or end of the tragedy in which they were then acting. This lake of fire and brimstone is said to be the second death. See Rev. 20: 14, and 21: 8. Now, as we have abundantly shown that fire, the furnace of fire, and the lake of fire and brimstone, are all confined to this world, and their sufferings endured in this life, so also must the second death be here, in this state of existence, and not in eternity. The phrase second death occurs in only four passages in the Bible. Those passages are in Rev. 2: 11, 20: 6, 14, and 21: 8. We have stated, in our remarks on the judgment, that the second death is the tragical end and ruin of the Jewish people and nation. In Rev. 2: 11, it is said unto the churches, "He that overcometh shall not be hurt of the second death." Those who heard and obeyed the instruction given by our Saviour were not hurt, or involved in the ruin which overtook the heedless and unbelieving. It is the opinion of able writers that this scene was called the second death, in allusion to the destruction of the second temple, which was demolished at that time. We have no doubt but that the opinion is correct. The destruction of the first and second temples undoubtedly led John, in view of the destruction of the last, to term it the second death. This was not only the second, but the last, with them as a nation. It is not in the power of man to show, from good authority, that any death whatever is to take place, or be suffered in eternity.
THE PHRASES STAND BEFORE THE LORD, STAND
Those passages wherein the phrases STAND BEFORE THE LORD, STAND BEFORE GOD, APPEAR BEFORE GOD, and THE PRESENCE OF THE LORD, &c., occur.
Deut. 10: 8. At that time the Lord separated the tribe of Levi, to bear the ark of the covenant of the Lord, to stand before the Lord to minister unto him, and to bless in his name unto this day.
Deut. 19: 17. Then both the men between whom the controversy is shall stand before the Lord, before the priests and the judges, which shall be in those days.
Deut. 29: 10. Ye stand this day, all of you, before the Lord your God; your captains of your tribes, your elders, and your officers, with all the men of Israel.
1 Sam. 6: 20. And the men of Beth-shemesh said, Who is able to stand before this holy Lord God? and to whom shall he go up from us
1 Kings 19: 11. And he said, Go forth, and stand upon the mount before the Lord. And behold, the Lord passed by, and a great and strong wind rent the mountains, and brake in pieces the rocks before the Lord; but the Lord was not the wind and after the wind an earthquake; but the Lord was not in the earthquake.
2 Chron. 20: 9. If, when evil cometh upon us, as the sword, judgment, or pestilence, or famine, we stand before this house, and in thy presence (for thy name is in this house), and cry unto thee in our affliction, then thou wilt hear and help.
Ezra 9: 15. O Lord God of Israel, thou art righteous: for we remain yet escaped, as it is this day: behold, we are before thee in our trespasses: for we cannot stand before thee because of this.