Pagina-afbeeldingen
PDF
ePub

as the originator of the System. There was however an essential point omitted even in these books, namely that

the grammatical form should precede the Exercises, so that the learner should at once be made acquainted with the grammatical structure of the foreign language, without which, he could never attain a thorough knowledge of it; this was first done in a masterly manner by Meissner in his German Grammar

and is the principle which has been followed in FRANZ THIMM'S Series of European Grammars and which gives it a distinct feature of progress over the former systems pursued.

On these valuable principles the following grammars have been published:

for the German Language by MEISSNER.

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small]

The prevalent idea in these grammars is that of teaching a language easily and pleasantly, of adapting it to every capacity, of removing all unnecessary difficulties and at the same time of imparting the necessary grammatical knowledge.

In this respect therefore

Franz Thimm's Series of Grammars

is not only original, but extending the new Method to all the Languages of Europe it is unique.

The excellent Grammars by Bösche, Müller and Leisten have been made use of for this work.

[blocks in formation]

Declension of the indefinite Article

Contractions of the Article with the Prepositions

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

12

13

17

18

18

19

22

27

30

30

32

33

34

36

36

37

37

38

38

40

40

41

41

43

44

[blocks in formation]
[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

There are six vowels: a, e, i, o, u and y, the rest are

consonants.

2. The Accent.

The Portuguese language has several accents:

the acute accent,

[ocr errors]

the circumflex accent, to pronounce the syllable long,

the hyphen, called til, is set

for m, as: lã for lam

CABANO, Portuguese Grammar.

over some letters as a substitute be for bem huã for huam.

1

3. The Vowels.

A 1. is pronounced like the a in the English word path, when it has the acute accent':

[blocks in formation]

2. it is pronounced short and clear like the a in father: capitão, the captain (first a),

or if found before the double consonants: cc, ll, mm,

nn, pp, ss, tt, as:

acclamar, to call out
alludir, to allude

annullar, to annul
appellar, to appeal.

3. it has a soft and aspirated sound at the end of words if not accentuated: vergonha, the shame. If the hyphen til stands over the a it takes a nasal sound:

irmãa (pr. irmāng), the sister — lã (pr. lãng), the world. irmão (pr. irmãon), the brother; ang and on, must be pronounced like the french, as: l'ange, patron.

E has three sounds:

1. open but short like ai in the English word bail, or the german ä, when with the acute accent as:

[merged small][ocr errors]

pé, foot fé, belief
mel, honey he, he is
quero (pr. kayro), I will,

and in the verbs ending in er:

sé, cathedral, the see

receber (pr. ressaybayr), conceder (pr. conssaydayr), crescer (pr. cress-sayr).

A

2. long, when with the circumflex over it, like the german e, as:

le, he reads vé, he sees

[blocks in formation]

3. It is almost mute at the end of words without the accent, as:

[blocks in formation]

I is pronounced like e in the English word me, and it is only the accent that determines the pronunciation, as: timido, timoré, difficil, javali,

long in the first, short in the second word.

0 has three sounds:

1. clear and strong in: mólho, do (as in pōnd, bōnd).

« VorigeDoorgaan »