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The case which our author here presents as an aid to the imagination was to Luther the literal reality; to whom, accordingly, Christ was "the one sinner," without "the difference of personal identity," which is here so innocently slipped in, as if it were of no consequence. Christ, in the reformer's view, was humanity, our humanity; and the grand function and triumph of faith is to feel ourselves included in him, to merge our individuality, sins and all, in his comprehending manhood and atoning obedience. Hence the stress which Luther lays on "the well-applying the pronoun" our, in the phrase," who gave himself for our sins;"" that this one syllable being believed may swallow up all thy sins." The effect of this realism on the theology of Luther has not been sufficiently remarked. We believe it to be the key to much that is obscure in his writings, and the secret source of his antipathy to the Calvinistic type of the Reformation. Absorption of Manhood into Christ,— distribution of Godhead into humanity,-these were the correlative parts of his objective belief,-Atonement and Eucharistic Real Presence: and neither in themselves nor in their correspondence can they be appreciated, without standing with him at the point of view which we have endeavoured to indicate.
Whether mediatorial religion shall continue to include in its scheme some provision for dealing with God on behalf of men, will mainly depend on the successful revival or the final abandonment of the old realistic modes of thought. Mr. Campbell's compromise with them, taking refuge with them for illustration while disowning them in substance, answers no logical or theological purpose at all. If he follows out the natural tendencies and affinities of his faith, he must rest exclusively at last in the other half of the doctrine, which exhibits the dealing with man on behalf of God. In this best sense mediatorial religion is imperishable, and imperishably identified with Christianity. The Son of God, at once above our life and in our life, morally divine and circumstantially human, mediates for us between the self so hard to escape, and the Infinite so hopeless to reach; and draws us out of our mournful darkness without losing us in excess of light. He opens to us the moral and spiritual mysteries of our existence, appealing to a consciousness in us that was asleep before. And though he leaves whole worlds of thought approachable only by silent wonder, yet his own walk of heavenly communion, his words of grace and works of power, his strife of divine sorrow, his cross of self-sacrifice, his reappearance behind the veil of life eternal, fix on him such holy trust and love, that where we are denied the assurance of knowledge, we attain the repose of faith.
LIST OF RECENT WORKS SUITABLE FOR BOOK-SOCIETIES.
Grote's History of Greece. Vol. 12. Murray.
History of Latin Christianity. Vols. 4-6. History of Christian Churches and Sects. 2 vols.
By Dean Milman. Murray.
By the Rev. J. B. Marsden.
First Three Centuries of the Christian Church. By the Rev. J. J. Blunt. Murray.
A History of Europe from 1815-52. By Sir A. Alison. Vol. 5. Blackwood.
The European Revolutions of 1848. By Edward Stillingfleet Cayley. 2 vols. Smith and Elder.
A History of the Dutch Republic. By J. L. Motley. 2 vols. John Chapman.
The Nature of the Atonement, and its Relation to Remission of Sins and Eternal Life. By John M'Leod Campbell. Macmillan. Hours with the Mystics.
Parker and Son.
By Robert A. Vaughan. 2 vols. J. W.
Lectures on the History of Ancient Philosophy. By the Rev. Archer Butler. Edited by William Hepworth Thompson, M.A. 2 vols. Macmillan.
Modern Painters. By John Ruskin.
Vol. 3. Smith and Elder.
Illustrated Handbook of the Arts of the Middle Ages. By M. Labarte. Murray.
Handbook of Architecture. By James Fergusson. 2 vols. Murray. Sinai and Palestine. By the Rev. A. P. Stanley. Murray.
The Englishwoman in America. Murray.
Letters from Cuba and the United States. By Hon. Amelia Murray. 2 vols. J. W. Parker and Son.
An Account of the Defence of Kars. By Dr. Sandwith. Murray.
By Captain R. Burton
A Journal of a Tour in unsettled Parts of North America in 1796 and 1797. By the late Francis Baily. Edited by Augustus De Morgan, Esq. Baily Brothers.
The Science of Social Opulence. By William Lucas Sargant. Simpkin
Recent Works suitable for Book-Societies.
The Political Life of Sir Robert Peel. An Analytical Biography. By Thomas Doubleday. 2 vols. Smith and Elder.
Table-Talk of Samuel Rogers. Moxon.
Memoirs of Mrs. Fitzherbert, with an Account of her Marriage with H.R.H. the Prince of Wales, afterwards King George IV. By the Hon. Charles Langdale.
Memoirs of Ralph Wardlaw, D.D. By the Rev. W. L. Alexander. Black and Co.
A Portion of a Journal kept by Thomas Raikes, Esq., from 1831-1847. Vols. 1 and 2.
A Selection from the Correspondence of Robert Southey. Vols. 1 and 2.
The Iliad of Homer faithfully translated into unrhymed English Metre. By F. W. Newman. Walton and Maberly.
The Lump of Gold, and other Poems. By Charles Mackay. Routledge. The Isles of Loch Awe and other Poems. With Illustrations. By Philip Gilbert Hamerton. W. E. Painter.
Poems. By James Ballantine.
The Daisy Chain; or, Aspirations.
A Family Chronicle. By the Author of "The Heir of Redclyffe." J. W. Parker and Son.
After Dark. By Wilkie Collins.
3 vols. Smith and Elder.
Amberhill. 2 vols. Smith and Elder.
Clara; or, Slave-life in Europe. With a Preface by Sir A. Alison. 3 vols. Bentley.