« VorigeDoorgaan »
Italian painter, b. at Florence, 1710. He went to England about 1752, and met with such encouragement, that he saved a handsome independence, and returned to his own country, where he d. 1788.
ZUCCHERO, TADDEO, an eminent Italian painter, b. at Urbino, in 1529, who attained to great proficiency in the art, and d. in his 27th year.-FREDERICO, his younger brother, b. 1543, resided several years in England, where he grew into high repute, and painted the portrait of Queen Elizabeth. Previous to his going to that country he had given great offence to Pope Gregory XIII. by caricaturing several distinguished persons connected with the papal court; but his friends in England succeeded in restoring him to favor at Rome; and, on his return, he established an academy of painting in that city, which he continued to superintend till his death, in 1609.
ZUMBO, GAETANO JULIUS, a celebrated modeller in wax, was b. 1656, at Syracuse, in Sicily; and d. at Paris, in 1701. For the grand duke of Tuscany he executed, in colored wax, several admirable works. The most celebrated of these bears the name of the "Putrefaction." It exhibits five figures-a dying person, a dead body, a corpse in a state of incipient corruption, one half corrupted, and another in the last stage of corruption and a prey to worms. His masterpieces, a Nativity and a Descent from the Cross, are at Genoa.
ZURITA, JEROM, a Spanish historian, was b. 1512, at Saragossa, and, after 69*
ZWINGLI, or ZUINGLIUS, ULRIC, one of the most enlightened and tolerant of the Protestant reformers, was b. in 1484, at Wildhaus, in Switzerland, and was educated at Basle, Berne, and Vienna. On his return to Basle, he was appointed a classical teacher when he was only 18. In 1506 he took the degree of M.A., and was chosen minister of Glaris. In 1512 and 1515 he accompanied the auxiliary Swiss troops to Italy, and was present at the disastrous battle of Marignan; a circumstance which inspired or increased his abhorrence of all war except that which is undertaken for the defence of our native land. In 1516 he was made preacher at Einseidlen, and it was at that period that he entered upon the career of ecclesiastical reformation.
In 1518 he became rector of Zurich. Steadily but prudently he pursued his course of reform, and, in 1524, had the gratification of seeing his doctrines adopted by the great council of Zurich. His influence among the Swiss Protestants continued to be powerful during the remainder of his life. In 1531, war having broken out between the Catholic and Protestant cantons, Zuinglius was ordered by the senate to accompany the troops, and was unfortunately slain in the skirmish at Cappel.