Liberty, Right and Nature: Individual Rights in Later Scholastic Thought
Cambridge University Press, 16 okt. 2003 - 272 pagina's
Liberty, Right and Nature is a vibrant and powerful contribution to the recently renewed debate over natural rights and natural rights language. Annabel Brett argues persuasively that in order to understand the development of the concept we need to look at the way in which the Latin language of ius functioned in a wide range of philosophical contexts. Dr Brett traces the range of the terminology of rights within the scholastic tradition from the thirteenth-century poverty controversy to the works of the sixteenth-century neo-Thomistic 'School of Salamanca'. A final chapter considers the consequences of this investigation for the rights theory of Thomas Hobbes. Dr Brett's analysis covers a panoply of theological and legal sources, and should prove indispensable to all those working in the field of medieval and early modern moral and political philosophy.
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Right and liberty the equivalence of dominium and ius
Our just nature subjective right in the fourteenth century
Objective right and the Thomist tradition
Liberty and nature subjective right and Thomism in sixteenthcentury Spain
according action actus Almain animals Aquinas arbitrium argues argument Aristotelian Augustinian autem authority belongs Book Buridan Cajetan century Chapter characterised citizens cive civil commentary common commonwealth covenant creatures dicitur discourse discussion distinction doctrine Domingo de Soto dominia Dominican dominium dominium and ius dominus enim equivalence ergo etiam faculty Fitzralph Franciscan Francisco de Vitoria habet Hobbes homo human Ibid inclination individual iure iuris ius gentium ius naturale iustitia iustum Jean Gerson jurists justice language liberum licit Minorite modo natural law natural liberty natural right naturalis nominalist notion object obligation Ockham omnia original person philosophy position potestas poverty prince quae quam question quia quod rational restitution right reason Roman law scholasticism School of Salamanca Scotus Secunda secundum sense servitude Soto Soto's subjective right Summa theologiae Summenhart sunt tamen theory thing Thomist tradition usus Vazquez Vitoria Wyclif