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an emblem of the man, who united the habits of the prince with the ambition of the priest, and
his own inclinations would have led him differently. He has made, I assure you, some very sensible observations. By-the-by, we spoke at Rosny of some remarks of yours.'
"I said that 'I was convinced that the monarchy was falling, and that I was not less convinced that the fall of the throne would compromise for a hundred years the prosperity and the liberty of France.'
" In afflicting myself as much as you can do,' said the Prince, at the conduct which the King is pursuing, 1 am not so frightened as you are at its probable results, There is in France a strong love of order -that France which the government will not understand, is excellent, is admirable; see how the law is respected amidst so many provocations! The experience of the Revolution (1789) is present to all; its conquests, its follies, and its crimes are detested. I am convinced that a new Revolution would in no respects resemble that which we have seen.'
"Monseigneur, that is to believe in a Revolution of 1688. But when England departed from the path of legitimacy, the aristocracy remained as an element of order; with us there is no aristocracy to be called an aristocracy, and what there is of one will perish with the Bourbons; every thing will again be smoothed down to a level, and I do not think a pure democracy capable of founding any thing that is to have duration.'
"Monsieur de Salvandy, you do not do justice to
of the time, which saw no dissimilarity in the titles" cardinal" and "courtier," this palace was
the effect of that diffusion of intelligence which follows the diffusion of fortunes. The world has completely changed since forty years; the middle classes are not all society, but they form its force, they have a constant interest in order, and they join to that knowledge which communicates the wants of a great empire that power necessary to combat and suppress bad passions. Jacobinism is impossible where the greater portion of the community have possessions to lose.'
"I have always thought, Monseigneur, and I still maintain the same opinion, that it is a dangerous error to consider that property alone is the guarantee of a desire for order. Property with us is so divided that it has its multitude, envious of every superior, and inimical to every power. I should fear that that multitude, being the most numerous party, and always disposed to satisfy its hatred of the higher classes, would soon, by its levelling schemes, bring us to anarchy-if anarchy were not the commencement of of the new régime.'
"Monsieur de Salvandy, believe me, all that the country wants is the sincere establishment of a constitutional government,-this is all it asks: the evil has arrived from the impossibility, among certain persons of accepting at once, et de bonne foi,' all the re.. sults of the Revolution, and of the Charta more particularly. The faults of the last Revolution sprang from the false distribution of rank and fortune, which was united with the wretched education that characterized
adorned with all the taste and the luxury of the seventeenth century; and combined, in a sin
order to obtain
the ancient régime. We have left all that behind us. My political religion consists in the belief, that with constitutional opinions all may be directed right. These principles I have always held. When an exile, at the Court of Sicily, I was asked, in my wife, to make certain concessions. I declared that my opinions were invariable, that in those opinions I would bring up my children, and that I would do this as much for their interest as for a love of truth. The misfortune of princes is, that they do not know the people, and that they entertain and cherish ideas and opinions different from those whom they govern. This is why I gave a public education to my sons; and in every respect it has succeeded. I wished them at⚫ once to be princes and citizens. I wished that they should not deem themselves a favoured race-that they should not participate in the habits of a corrupt circle -that they should not always have before their eyes the veil of a court education :-that they should not be bound by the tastes of childhood to those interested in deceiving them, and moreover frequently deceived. Such has been my object; and I am certain that I have to congratulate myself on the course I have pursued.'
"The Duke of Orleans was at first standing; he afterwards made me sit down by his side; we were exactly behind Charles Xth, who might have heard every word we were saying."
Let us do justice to the King of the French! Henry IV. never delivered a speech which contained so much
gular manner, the avocations of the church with the pleasures of the world. It had its boudoirs, its gallery, its theatre, and its chapel.*
The ancient garden of the Palais Royal, much larger than the present one, comprehended, besides the present garden, the streets de Valois de Montpensier, and de Beaujolais, as well as that space now occupied by the sides of the palace, which have been more recently built. Its great ornament was a large alley of mulberrytrees, old, and thick of leaves;' and beneath this alley's venerable shade were usually collected the idle and inquisitive of one sex, the profligate and purchaseable of another: seventeen hun
goodness, sense, and truth, as there is to be found in these remarks: they offer a fair justification of Louis Philippe's conduct to the family he dethroned: they would offer the best security to the people whom he governs, if we had not unfortunately so many examples of the corrupting influence of power, of the heart being changed, and the understanding blinded by a successful ambition.
* Louis XIV. gave the Palais Royal to the Duke of Orleans. In this palace have successively dwelt Richelieu, Louis XIII., Anne of Austria, Henrietta of England, and six Princes (including the present King) of the House of Orleans.
dred and eighty-two, that revolutionary epoch, laid low even the mulberry-trees, in spite of the songs and epigrams with which the improvement was received.* Three sides of the present square were then completed; the fourth, constructed provisionally of wood, was that singular and shabby row of stalls which we still remember, originally called Camp des Tartares,' and which has but lately given way to the superb gallery constructed by the present King.
There are spots to which a certain destiny seems attached. As early as Anne of Austria the troubles of the Fronde might be said to commence at the Palais Royal. Here it was that the parliament, assembled in the royal gallery, declared in favour of the wishes of the people! and here it was, about a hundred and fifty years afterwards, that a young man (Camille Desmoulins) jumping upon one of the straw chairs, harangued the populace on the night of the famous charge of the Prince de
*It was then that the Duc d'Orléans replied to some one who asked whether he would not find the building very expensive, "Point du tout, car tout le monde me jette la pierre."