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There are, moreover, secret expenses, on which we can say nothing.

[ Answers from the Workmen of Paris to

Questions of the British Commissioners.

Tlie Official Returns for 1827 in Paris, give for the average Price of Labour the following statements:

.

Number of

Average. Work people.

Francs. 1054 Tobacco manufacturers, highest rate,

fr. 3.35 per day, lowest, fr. 1 45 . . 2.08) 1000 Fan-makers; men, fr. 2:50, women,

fr. 1•25, children, c. 60. 4116 Paper-stainers; men, fr. 3 to t, women,

fr. 1.50 to 2, children, c. 80 to fr. 1. 600 Wool-washers

. 1.80 400 Ditto, in the fleece

. 1.70 1050 Blanket manufacturers

. 2:50 200 Lapidaries

. 4.00 3345 Working jewellers, lowest rate, fr. 2.50

highest, fr. 4.50. 925 Marble-workers and statuaries, lowest

rate, fr. 2.50, highest, fr. 6:00. 750 Glass manufacturers

4.00 417 Lithographic printers, lowest rate, fr. 1.50,

highest, fr. 5:00. 46 Gas-work labourers

. 2.75

Taking on an average of 12 years the prices of labour for the following trades (from 1817 to 1828) are thus given :

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In the iron works at Vandelesse, (Nièvre,) the price of labour is fr. 1.50 per day; (Dupin. p. 293;) at Nevers, for manufacture of iron cables, 2 fr.; at Fourchambault, (where 2386 are employed in wood-cutting,) fr. 1•60 is the average rate; the workmen in the potteries at Nevers gain fr. 1.75 per day; at Nogent, in the manufacture of linen goods, the wages are, to men, fr. 2, women, fr. l.25, * These prices are taken from M. Chabrol's reports. VOL. I.

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and children, 60 c. to 90 c. per day ; at Mouy, in the woollen manufactures, men are paid from fr. 1 to fr. 1.50, and boys of fifteen, 1 fr. ; in the Department de l'Aube, the weavers of fine cloths get fr. 1:75, stocking-makers, fr. 1, cotton-spinners, fr. 1.50 per day, reelers and winders, fr. 1, tanners, 2 fr. to 2 fr. 10 c.; at St. Etienne, the wages paid to the miners are, diggers, fr. 2-50, drawers, fr. 3 per day; at Rive de Gier, fr. 4.25 and fr. 3.50, nailors receive either 7 to 10 centimes per lb., or from fr. 1 to fr. 1.50 per 1,000. The tenders on silk worms are paid from 50 c. to. 1 fr.

per day. Women employed in reeling silk, receive 1 fr. per Ib. At the forge of Janon, (Vienne,) a master founder is paid 8 fr., a founder, 4 fr. to 5 fr., a labourer, 2 fr., and a boy from fr. 1 to fr. 1.25 per day. At Rive de Gier, the labouring makers of coke, receive from fr. 2 to fr. 2.50 per day.

The “Ponts et Chaussées” pay their labourers 36 fr. per calendar month.—Dupin, p. 263.

M. Dupin, as the result of his observations and investigations as to the medium price of manufacturing labour, calculates fr. 2.26 for the northern, and fr. 1•89 for the southern provinces of France ;giving, with a reference to the whole population, fr. 2:06 as the average rate.--[Sundry Sources.

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Statistic of the number of Houses, and the Inhabitants in the chief Cities of Europe.

Houses. Inhabitants.
London

174,000 1,400,000
Paris

45,000 774.000 St. Petersburg

9,000 449,000 Naples

30,000 360,000 Vienna

7,000 300,000

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The Chief Cities of the World, with their distance from

Paris.

Leagnes.
112

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75

Amsterdam
Anvers
Bâle
Berlin
Brussels
Cadiz
Constantinople
Copenhagen
Dantzic
Dover
Dresden
Dublin
Edinburgh
Ghent
Geneva
Gibraltar
The Hague
Leipsic
London
Madrid
Milan

Leagues. Moscow

620 Naples

410 Palermo

406 Parma

225 Petereburg

500 Rome

325 Stockholm

380 Turin

167 Warsaw

375 Venice

248 Vienna

275 Alexandria

756 Cape of Good Hope 2400 Saint Helena · 1700 Pekin

. 2350 Jerusalem

810 Pondichery

2390 Smyrna

. 630 Mexico

. 2189 Philadelphia. . 1100

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IBOTSON AND PALMER, PRINTERS, SAVOY STREET, STRAND.

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