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There are, moreover, secret expenses, on which we can say nothing.

[Answers from the Workmen of Paris to Questions of the British Commissioners.

The Official Returns for 1827 in Paris, give for the average Price of Labour the following state

ments:

Number of Workpeople.

1054 Tobacco manufacturers, highest rate,

fr. 3.35 per day, lowest, fr. 1 45

1000 Fan-makers; men, fr. 2.50, women, fr. 1.25, children, c. 60.

4116 Paper-stainers ; men, fr. 3 to 4, women, fr. 1.50 to 2, children c. 80 to fr. 1.

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200 Lapidaries

3345 Working jewellers, lowest rate, fr. 2-50 highest, fr. 4-50.

925 Marble-workers and statuaries, lowest rate, fr. 2.50, highest, fr. 6:00.

750 Glass manufacturers

1.80 . 1.70

. 2.50

. 4.00

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417 Lithographic printers, lowest rate, fr. 1.50, highest, fr. 5.00.

46 Gas-work labourers

Average.
Francs.

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2.08

4:00

2.75

Stone-cutters
Bricklayers
Ditto (assistants)
Day-labourers

Masons

Taking on an average of 12 years the prices of labour for the following trades (from 1817 to 1828) are thus given:

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Sawing oak
Ditto, fir

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Lowest.

Francs.

3.25

3.75

2.50

2.00

3.25

2.50

1.90

3.25

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Lowest.
Francs.

Mortar-makers

Boys (employed by builders)

Carpenters

The price paid to sawyers was :—

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230 per 100

160

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Highest. Last rate.
Francs.

Francs.

260

240

210

170

[Prefect of the Seine.*

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In the iron works at Vandelesse, (Nièvre,) the price of labour is fr. 1.50 per day; (Dupin. p. 293;) at Nevers, for manufacture of iron cables, 2 fr.; at Fourchambault, (where 2386 are employed in wood-cutting,) fr. 1.60 is the average rate; the workmen in the potteries at Nevers gain fr. 1·75 per day; at Nogent, in the manufacture of linen goods, the wages are, to men, fr. 2, women, fr. 1·25, * These prices are taken from M. Chabrol's reports.

VOL. I.

and children, 60 c. to 90 c. per day; at Mouy, in the woollen manufactures, men are paid from fr. 1 to fr. 1.50, and boys of fifteen, 1 fr.; in the Department de l'Aube, the weavers of fine cloths get fr. 1.75, stocking-makers, fr. 1, cotton-spinners, fr. 1.50 per day, reelers and winders, fr. 1, tanners, 2 fr. to 2 fr. 10 c.; at St. Etienne, the wages paid to the miners are, diggers, fr. 2.50, drawers, fr. 3 per day; at Rive de Gier, fr. 4-25 and fr. 3.50, nailors receive either 7 to 10 centimes per lb., or from fr. 1 to fr. 1.50 per 1,000. The tenders on silk worms are paid from 50 c. to. 1 fr. per day. Women employed in reeling silk, receive 1 fr. per lb. At the forge of Janon, (Vienne,) a master founder is paid 8 fr., a founder, 4 fr. to 5 fr., a labourer, 2 fr., and a boy from fr. 1 to fr. 1.25 per day. At Rive de Gier, the labouring makers of coke, receive from fr. 2 to fr. 2.50 per day.

The "Ponts et Chaussées" pay their labourers 36 fr. per calendar month.-Dupin, p. 263.

M. Dupin, as the result of his observations and investigations as to the medium price of manufacturing labour, calculates fr. 2-26 for the northern, and fr. 1.89 for the southern provinces of France ;giving, with a reference to the whole population, fr. 2.06 as the average rate.---[Sundry Sources.

London

Paris

St. Petersburg

Statistic of the number of Houses, and the Inhabitants in the chief Cities of Europe.

Naples
Vienna

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The Hague

Leipsic

London

Madrid

Milan

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The Chief Cities of the World, with their distance from

Paris.

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Leagues.

112 Moscow

78

117

225

69

395

556

250

300

75

213

185

190

70

145

410

90

189

98

300

153

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Inhabitants.

1,400,000

774.000

Leagues.

620

410

406

225

500 325

380

167

. 375

. 248

275

Alexandria

756 Cape of Good Hope 2400

Saint Helena

. 1700

Pekin

. 2350

810 2390

. 630

. 2189

€ 1100

·

Naples

Palermo

Parma

Petersburg.

Rome

Stockholm

Turin

Warsaw

Venice

Vienna

Jerusalem

Pondichery

Smyrna

Mexico

Philadelphia

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Colonies in the Possession of France.

Guadaloupe.

Guinea
Martinique

Algiers

409

Isle of Bourbon 2996

Senegal

910

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END OF VOL. I.

Bayerische
Staatsbibliothek

MUNCHEN

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LONDON:

IBOTSON AND PALMER, PRINTERS, SAVOY STREET, STRAND.

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