Principles for Local Government Legislation: Lessons from the Commonwealth Pacific
Commonwealth Secretariat, 2013 - 85 pagina's
Across the Pacific local councils take a variety of different forms, ranging from traditional village structures to fully-fledged municipalities. Whatever form local government takes, an appropriate legislative and regulatory framework is essential to ensure that councils can effectively address the needs of their communities. This study is designed to help Pacific island countries review and strengthen their existing frameworks. It begins by examining legislation and systems across a range of countries and institutional settings, identifying examples of best practice and areas for improvement. It then presents case studies of three very different legislative frameworks: Fiji, Solomon Islands and Samoa. In the conclusion, the findings are consolidated into ten key principles for effective legislation: fit for purpose; democracy and representation; local empowerment; probity; oversight and support; capacity and sustainability; efficiency, effectiveness and equity; community engagement; inter-government co-operation; clarity and consistency. This is an authoritative piece of research that will be extremely valuable to local government practitioners in the Pacific and beyond.
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administration Afamasaga Toleafoa agencies amendments Apia appointed authority capacity building central government city clerk CLGF project CLGP committees Commonwealth Local Government Commonwealth Secretariat Cook Islands councillors cultural decentralisation deﬁned economic effective efﬁcient ensure established Fiji Fijian ﬁnancial functions Government Act government legislation government’s Guadalcanal Province Hassall and Tipu Honiara City Act Honiara City Council implementation improve indigenous Fijians Internal Affairs Act issues Kiribati land LGRC Local Government Association Luganville matai mayor Melanesia minister ministry municipal councils MWCSD national government ofﬁcers operations organisations oversight Paciﬁc island countries Paciﬁc Project Papua New Guinea parliament political population Port Vila powers principles programmes promote provincial pulenu’u rates reform representatives responsibilities revenue role rural Samoa sector service delivery signiﬁcant social Solomon Islands speciﬁc staff strategies strengthening Suva Tonga town traditional village Tuvalu Urban Management Vanuatu village fono village governance women