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of ingredients in different globes, and also fect us, because we have no channels or sensome difference of conditions. Out of a cer- ses by which they can find access to us. The tain number of the elements of inorganic dwellers in other planets may have organs matter are composed the elements of organic of which we have no conception, enabling bodies, both vegetable and animal, such must them to enjoy these, either as substitutes for be the rule in Jupiter and in Sirius as it is the influences which affect us, or in addition here. We are, therefore, ull but certain that to them. herbaceous and ligneous fibre, that flesh and Our sun, it is true, sends light to his seveblood, are the constituents of the organic be- ral planets and their moons, but that they ings of all those spheres which are as yet all make the same use of it is in no degree seats of life."*

probable. They may, some of them at least, He proceeds a little further on to say, be “old in rayless blindness,” yet not like "Where there is light, there will be eyes; Schiller’s Proserpine, “aching for the goldand these, in other spheres, will be the same bright light in vain.” They may have in all respects as the eyes of tellurian ani- knowledge at one entrance quite shut out ;" mals, with only such differences as may be but so likely enough have we, and at more necessary to accord with minor peculiarities entrances, perhaps, than one.

The sun may of condition and of situation. It is," he impartially distribute the same gifts, tho adds, “ but a small stretch of the argument to in unequal quantities, to his family; but it suppose that one conspicuous organ of a depends on each member of the circle what large portion of our animal kingdom being improvement is made of them. Mercury, thus universal, a parity in all the other or- who receives Benjamin's portion, may well gans,-species for species, class for class, be expected to show a different result from kingdom for kingdom,-is highly likely, and the newly-discovered, scantily-endowed Nepthat 'thus the inhabitants of all the other tune, who has so long and so mysteriously globes of space have not only a general but tempted Uranus from his course. "We would à particular resemblance to those of our liken the different planets and satellites of own."| How baseless this reasoning is, with our system to so many pieces of stained its “small stretch” at the close, weneed not glass in a cathedral window; on every one, stop to demonstrate anew, but a few words the same seven-tinted light falls, but the may be added to enforce what has been sta- chemical composition, and molecular arted already, in reference to the concluding rangement of each transparent sheet deterargument concerning the relation of eyes to mines whether it turns to account the whole light.

seven, and gleams white, or profits only by It is a hasty and unwarrantable conclu- certain of them, and shows, in consequence, sion, that every illuminated globe must con- green or red, blue, purple, or yellow. If tain living eyes,

On our own earth, there some tiny fly, whose dominion was limited to are many animals without organs of vision; the inside of a single pane, should suppose so that we cannot conclude that eyes are a that, as its kingdom was bathed in unchangnecessary reaction of light and life upon each ing red, every other sheet of glass must be other. Worlds may be supplied with light vermeil tinctured” also, because it knew .

“ for other reasons than to endow their inhabi- that on every one the same light fell, it would tants with the faculty of sight. Our sun is greatly err, as we are wise enough to know. a centre of many influences. We know at But we who are “ crushed before the moth,” least three which may be separated from probably err as widely, if we affirm that each each other-light, heat, and what has been of the planets is a mirror reflecting the sun called actinic or chemical force ; but proba- in the same way. He is probably like a bly electricity and magnetism also radiate fountain, sending forth a river charged with from his orb. Terrestrial plants and animals many dissimilar substances, and each of the are powerfully affected by most, probably by planets resembles a filter, separating from it all of those ; but the inhabitants of other what its construction enables it to retain, and spheres may not have organs enabling them what was intended and is fitted to be approto take advantage of more than some, per- priated by it. haps only of one of the forces in question. Even, however, if we should concede to On the other hand, the sun may be the our author that wherever there is light there source of agencies of which we know noth- will be eyes, surely a few more data are neing, which are about us and yet do not af- cessary, before a whole animal can be as

sumed. Can we infer that lungs or other Page 171.

| Page 172. breathing organs exist, unless we make it

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probable that there is an atmosphere to the outer world? We might, besides the breathe ? Can we take for granted wings general argument from analogy against such of birds or of insects, unless we show that a conception, refer to those agencies influthere is air to fan ? or, may we count on the encing living beings, which have been recog“ hearing ear” before we establish that there nized for centuries as implying some superis a gaseous or aqueous medium to transmit sensuous relation to external nature. It the undulations of sound ? If there be no would be unwise to allow the extravagances water, will there be paddles of whales or of of animal magnetism to prevent us from returtles, or fins of fishes? If no carbon, will cognizing the indications which several of its there be leaf, or stem of flower, or tree ? If phenomena afford, of perceptions of outward no lime, bone or skeleton of any animal ? | things not easily referable to the operation The existence of all these organs cannot be of any of the known senses. Nevertheless, assumed merely because there is light. But, that so-called, and as yet questionable science, in truth, as little can organs of vision. For has, for a season at least, fallen into the hands if there be no water, there can be no blood; of those with whom the gratification of wonand if no blood, then not even eyes, at least der is a much greater object than the disearthly eyes, however constant and brilliant covery of truth, and we fear to build much the light may be.

upon it. We can find, in another and quite The unequivocal testimony, then, of physi- unexceptionable quarter, a substantial founcal science, as it seems to us, is against the dation on which to assert the probability of doctrine that life, as it appears on the stars, life being manifested very differently in other must be terrestrial in its nature, though we spheres than it is in our own globe. We are far from wishing to affirm thai planets refer to the assurance which the New Testaclosely resembling the earth may not occur ment gives us, that our human spirits are in space. It is enough for our argument to destined to occupy bodies altogether unlike show that there are myriads of stars, which, our present ones. for the reasons already given, are altogether From the remarkable way in which the non-terrestrial in their characters.

Apostle Paul likens the "natural body” to a It remains, then, to inquire whether we seed which is to be sown, and grow up a are to come to the conclusion, that the stars “spiritual body,” one is led to believe that are uninhabited, inasmuch as terrestrial life the immortal future tabernacle is to bear the is the only possible one, or to believe that same relation of difference, and yet of derithere exists a diversified astral life which is vation to the present mortal one which a tree manifested on them. Abstaining from any does to a seed. The one will be as unlike thing like an attempt to define positively the the other as the oak is unlike the acorn, probable characteristics of the latter, if it though but in a sense the expansion of it. exist, we may say this much on the matter. Whether this be the doctrine or not which There are fewer characters of universality in the Apostle teaches, it is at least certain, that terrestrial life than in terrestrial chemistry. he announces that a great and inconceivable There is a plant-life and an animal-life, which alteration is to come over our bodies. Doubtare quite separable, and may exist apart, and less, our spirits are to be changed also, but there are different kinds of each. To men- more, as it seems, in the way of intensification but one example: the egg of the but- tion of faculties, desires, passions, and affecterfly has one life, and the caterpillar which tions-on the one hand, good, on the other, springs from it has another; and the chrys- evil—which have been exercised or experialis into which the caterpillar changes has a enced, in their fainter manifestations, in the third, and the butterfly which rises from the present state of existence, than by the introchrysalis has a fourth; and so there may be duction of positively new elements into our worlds which know only a germinal, or a intellectual and moral being. We do not caterpillar, a chrysalis, or a butterfly life. urge this point; it is enough if it be acknow

Further, in this world we see plants and ledged to be a Scripture doctrine, that human the lowest animals possessing only the sense spirits, reminiscent of their past history, and of touch, if the former can be said to be en-conscious of their identity, are, however dowed even with that. Gradually as we otherwise changed, to occupy bodies totally ascend in the animal scale, additional senses unlike our present ones. If, however, it be are manifested, till four more appear in the supposed that the “spiritual” occupants of highest animals. But who shall tell us that our future tabernacles are to differ totally these five are the only possible, or even the from us, it only adds to the force of the aronly existing channels of communication with Igument, as it implies the greater diversity as

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to the manner in which being may manifest | able by us. There are here indicated the itself. It is part, then, of the scheme of two great elements of variety to which we God's universe, that spirits clothed in non- have already referred ; a theatre of existence earthly bodies shall dwell in it. It is idle, totally unlike the present one, and organs of therefore, to say that terrestrial life is cer- relation to it different from those of terrestrial tainly the probable sidereal one, since it is beings. not the only existing, or at least the only The argument might be greatly extended, contemplated mode of being. In looking at but we cannot attempt here an exhaustive the stars, as habitations of living creatures, discussion of the subject. The sum of the we have at least two unlike examples of the whole discussion is this :--Astronomy deway in which mind and matter admit of as- clares that there are unlike theatres of existsociation to choose from, as patterns of what ence in the heavens,--suns, moons, and plaastral life may be. But the further lesson is nets; Chemistry demonstrates that different surely taught us, that there may exist other kinds of construction, that of the earth, and manifestations of life than only these two. those of the meteoric stones, prevail through For, the spell of simplicity once broken by a space; Physiology contemplates the possisingle variation, we know not how many bility of a non-terrestrial life unfolding itself more to expect, whilst the conclusion is not in the stars; and the Bible reveals to us, to be resisted, that other variations there that there is an immortal heavenly, as well will be. The same Apostle who dwells on as a mortal earthly life. the resurrection, tells us, in reference to the The consideration of all this leaves no happy dead, that "eye hath not seen, nor place for the thought, that the tide of life ear heard, neither have entered into the heart which ebbs and flows through the universe, of man, the things which God hath prepared is but the undulation of so many streamlets for them that love him.” They are not only, identical with that which bathes the shores therefore, to have bodily organs different of our globe. In our Father's house are from ours, but these are to be gratified by many mansions, and the Great Shepherd sights which our eyes have not witnessed, by watches over countless flocks, and has other sounds to which our ears have never listened, sheep which are not of this fold. and by a perception of phenomena inconceiv

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Ever cling, with the sweetest affection,

To the kindred with which thou art blest; And let no unkind recollections

Be ever retained in thy breast; It causes the deepest dejection,

Love thy country and every other ;

Cherish sympathies open and free;
Wherever inan dwells, find a brother,

Whom God has related to thee :
In love to thy Father in Heaven,

Sweet honey it irns into gall,
When Time, o'er the graves of affection,

Is suffered to tread with his pall.

Through love for thy Saviour, His Son, Let thy soul's highest powers be given, And

pray that His will may be done.

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Whoever has read the “ Arabian Nights' blood, and free from every symptom of death. Entertainments” will be acquainted with the The documents which record these transacwords goul and vampyre. A goul was be- tions bear the date of June 7, 1732, and are lieved to be a being in the human form, who signed and witnessed by three surgeons and frequented graveyards and cemeteries, where other creditable persons. The facts, in short, it disinterred, tore to pieces, and devoured are indubitable, though what interpretation the bodies buried there. A vampyre was a to put upon them remains extremely difficult. dead person, who came out of his grave at One that has been suggested is, that all these night to suck the blood of the living, and supposed vampyres were persons who had whoever was so sucked became a vampyre fallen into a state of catalepsy or trance, and in his turn when he died. Both these per- been buried, alive. However this may be, suasions have been rejected by the modern the mystery is sufficiently perplexing; and scientific world as altogether unworthy of the more so, that through the whole of Eastcredence or inquiry, although, about a century ern Europe innumerable instances of the same ago, the exploits of vampyres created such a kind of thing have occurred, whilst each lansensation in Hungary, that they reached the guage has an especial word to designate it

. ears of Louis XV., who directed his minister That which in the East is called “goulism” at Vienna to report upon them. In a news- bas in the West been denominated “ lycanpaper of that period there appeared a para- thropy,” or “wolfomania ;” and this phegraph to the effect that Arnold Paul, a na- nomenon, as well as vampyrism, has been tive of Madveiga, being crushed to death by treated of by numerous ancient authors; and a wagon, and buried, had since become a though latterly utterly denied and scouted, vampyre, and that he had himself been

pre- was once very generally believed. viously bitten by one. The authorities being There are various shades and degrees of informed of the terror his visits were occa- lycanthropy. In some cases the lycanthrope sioning, and several persons having died with declares that he has the power of transformall the symptoms of vampyrism, his grave ing himself into a wolf, in which disguisewas solemnly opened ; and although he had his tastes corresponding to his form-he been in it forty days, the body was like that delights in feeding on human flesh ; and in of a living man. To cure his roving propen- the public examinations of these uuhappy sities a stake was driven into it, whereupon individuals there was no scarcity of witnesses he uttered a cry; after which his head was to corroborate their confessions. In other cut off, and the body burnt. Four other bod- instances there was no transformation, and ies which had died from the consequences of the lycanthrope appears more closely to rehis bites, and which were found in the same semble a goul. perfectly healthy condition, were served in In the year 1603, a case of lycanthropy a similar manner; and it was hoped that was brought before the parliament of Borthese vigorous measures would extinguish deaux. The person accused was a boy of the mischief. But no such thing: the evil fourteen, called Jean Grenier, who herded continued more or less, and five years after- cattle. Several witnesses, chiefly young ward was so rife, that the authorities deter- | girls, came forward as his accusers, declaring mined to make a thorough clearance of these that he had attacked and wounded them in troublesome individuals. On this occasion a the disguise of a wolf, and would have killed vast number of graves were opened of per- them but for the vigorous defence they made sons of all ages and both sexes; and strange with sticks. Jean Grenier himself avowed to say, the bodies of all those accused of the crime, confessing to having killed and plaguing the living by their nocturnal visits eaten several children; and the father of the were found in the vampyre state-full of children confirmed all he said. Jean Grenier,

dark ages.

however, appears to have been little removed, Père la Chaise, but it was not long before from an idiot.

they were renewed in another quarter. A In the fifteenth century lycanthropy pro: suburban cemetery was the new theatre of vailed extensively amongst the Vaudois, and operations. A little girl, aged seven years, many persons suffered death for it; but as and much loved by her parents, died. With no similar case seems to have been heard of their own hands they laid her in her coffin, for a long while, lycanthropy and goulism attired in the frock she delighted to wear on were set down amongst the superstitions of fete days, and with her favorite playthings the East, and the follies and fables of the beside her; and accompanied by numerous

A circumstance, however, has relatives and friends, they saw her laid in just now come to light in France that throws the earth. On the following morning it was a strange and unexpected light upon this cu- discovered that the grave had been violated, rious subject. The account we are going to the body torn from the coffin, frightfully mugive is drawn from a report of the investiga- tilated, and the heart extracted. There was tion before a council of war, held on the 10th no robbery: the sensation in the neighborof the present month (July 1849), Colonel hood was tremendous; and in the general Manselon president. It is remarked that the terror and perplexity, suspicion fell on the court was extremely crowded, and that many broken-hearted father, whose innocence, howladies were present.

ever, was easily proved. Every means were The facts of this mysterious affair, as they taken to discover the criminal ; but the only came to light in the examinations, are as fol. result of the increased surveillance was, that lows:-For some months past the cemete- the scene of profanation was removed to the ries in and around Paris have been the scenes cemetery of Mont Parnasse, where the exhuof a frightful profanation, the authors of mations were carried to such an extent, that which had succeeded in eluding all the vigi- the authorities were at their wits' end. Conlance that was exerted to detect them.

At sidering, by the way, that all these cemeteone time the guardians or keepers of these ries are surrounded by walls, and have iron places of burial were themselves suspected; gates, which are kept closed, it certainly at others, the odium was thrown on the sur- seems very strange that any goul or vampyre viving relations of the dead.

of solid flesh and blood should have been The cemetery of Père la Chaise was the able to pursue his vocation so long undisfirst field of these horrible operations. It covered. However, so it was; and it was not appears that for a considerable time the guar- till they bethought themselves of laying a dians had observed a '

mysterious figure flit- snare for this mysterious visitor that he was ting about by night amongst the tombs, on detected. Having remarked a spot where whom they never could lay their hands. As the wall, though nine feet high, appeared to they approached, he disappeared like a phan- have been frequently scaled, an old officer tom; and evn the dogs that were let loose, contrived a sort of infernal machine, with a and urged to seize him, stopped short, and wire attached to it, which he so arranged that ceased to bark, as if they were transfixed by it should explode if any one attempted to ena charm. When morning broke, the ravages ter the cemetery at that point. This done, of this strange visitant were but too visible- and a watch being set, they thought themgraves had been opened, coffins forced, and selves now secure of their purpose. Accordthe remains of the dead, frightfully torn and ingly, at midnight an explosion roused the mutilated, lay scattered upon the earth. guardians, who perceived a man already in Could the surgeons be the guilty parties? | the cemetery ; but before they could seize No. A member of the profession being hin, he had leaped the wall with an agility brought to the spot, declared that no scien- | that confounded them; and although they tific knife had been there; but certain parts of fired their pieces after him, he succeeded in the human body might be required for ana- making his escape. But his footsteps were tomical studies, and the gravediggers might marked by the blood that had flowed from have violated the tombs to obtain money by his wounds, and several scraps of military atthe sale of them.

The watch was

tire were picked up on the spot. Neverthedoubled; but to no purpose. A young sol- less, they seem to have been still uncertain dier was one night seized in a tomb, but he where to seek the offender, till one of the declared he had gone there to meet his sweet- gravediggers of Mont Parnasse, whilst preheart, and had fallen asleep; and as he paring the last resting place of two criminals evinced no trepidation, they let him go. about to be executed, chanced to overhear

At length these profanations ceased in some sappers of the 74th regiment remark

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