Aristotle, his merits as a teacher of biology, 460-value of his scien-
tific writings, 462-his zoological classification, 464-his account of
the elephant, 466-of the camel, 467-his strange physiological
notions, 467-his account of the halcyon, 472-of the partridge,
473 of the hoopoe, 474-curious stories about eagles, 474-song
of the dying swan, 475-bears' cubs licked into shape, 476-other
curiosities of zoological literature, 477-his scant knowledge of
anatomy, 479-his neglect to verify his theories, 481-origin of the
unicorn, 482-his depreciation of Ctesias, 483-his opinion of Hero-
dotus, 483-his accurate description of marine animals, 485-his
love of nature, 487-his true position as a writer on natural history,


Bach, Johann Sebastian, review of Dr. Spitta's Life of, 225-a singular
musical pedigree, 228-notices of the Bach family, 229-early life
of Sebastian, 232-influence of the organ on his style, 234-cited
by the Arnstadt New Church Consistory for eccentricities in accom-
panying the psalm-tunes, 238-his treatment of the organ at the
Mülhausen Blasius-Kirche, 240-critical remarks on his composi-
tions, 241-his organ music, 242-the 'Wohltemperirte Klavier,'
246-his choral music, 249-his want of dramatising instinct, 250
-his inferiority to Handel in vocal solos, 251-general estimate of
Bach's genius and works, 253.

Barthélemy-Saint-Hilaire, his translation of Aristotle's History of
Animals' reviewed, 460.

Boulger, Demetrius C., his History of China reviewed, 525.


Catharine of Aragon, additional volumes by Mr. Gairdner on the
divorce of, 89-dismissal of the queen from court, 91-the pope's
breves, 92-Henry VIII. marries Anne Boleyn, 92-proceed-
ings of Cranmer, 96-stormy interview of Chapuys with Henry,
97-expectations of war between Charles V. and Henry, 97-the
mock trial at Dunstable, 98-pacific attitude of the emperor, 99—
signs of wavering in Henry, 101-mission of the Bishop of Paris to
Rome, 103-new liaison of Henry, 105-progress of the affair at
Rome, 106-declaration of the pope's sentence, 108-effect pro-
duced in England, 109-apprehensions of an insurrection: remark-
able letter from a Spanish consul, 110-Cromwell's scheme of
ecclesiastical confiscation, 114.

China, review of Mr. Boulger's history of, 525-Chinese pretensions
incompatible with universal right, 525-efforts to obtain equal
rights for foreigners at Canton, 528-causes of the so-called 'opium
war,' 529-ports opened to trade, 531-the second Chinese War,
532-concessions resulting from the War, 532-the Taeping re-
bellion, 535-national character of the Chinese, 535-reasons of
their isolation, 539-problem of the future of China, 540-French
relations with China and Tonking, 541-imperfect state of war,
543-attitude of the Chinese, 544.

Colebrooke, Sir T. E., his 'Life of Mountstuart Elphinstone' reviewed,

Congo River, review of works relating to the, by Mr. H. H. Johnston
and other authors, 151-the International African Association of
Belgium, 152-volume of outflow of the river, 155-first discovery,
156-Dr. Livingstone's mistake, 157-vegetation and animal life
along the river, 159-cataracts, 161-difficulties of travelling along
its shores, 162-Stanley Pool, 163-climate, 164-natural produc-
tions and commercial capabilities, 165-manners and customs of the
people, 168-Stanley's journey up the river, 172-Count de Brazza's
rival expedition, 173-Leopoldville, 175-Stanley forestalls de
Brazza in the Kuilu valley, 177-altered character of the Belgian
Association, 177-the question of British interests on the Congo,
180-anarchical condition of the Lower Congo region, 181-the
British treaty with Portugal, 184.

Croker, J. Wilson, his edition of Pope reviewed, 295.


Ditmarsch dialect, review of Klaus Groth's poems in, and letters on the,
377-the poet's birthplace, 378-his education, 379--Low-German
dialect, 381-High-German, 382-'Family Scenes,' 388—' Idylls,'


Elphinstone, Hon. Mountstuart, Sir E. T. Colebrooke's Life of, 116-
Indian politics at the close of the last century, 116-a journey to
Hyderabad, 117-description of Major Kirkpatrick, the Resident,
118-Maratha war, 119-battle of Assaye, 120-picture of camp
life, 122-storming of Gawilgurh, 123-appointed Resident at
Nagpore, 124-his journal, 125-interview with Lord Minto, 127—
camp of Sindia, 128-views on the Afghan question, 130-ap-
pointed Resident at Poona, 132-character of the Peshwa's govern-
ment, 133-necessity of consolidating British power, 135-downfall
of the Peshwa, 136-a forecast of the Sepoy mutiny, 138-his
government of Bombay, 140-impressions of England on returning
home, 145-meets the Duke of Wellington at a dinner, 146–
attends the debates on the Irish Disturbance Bill, 146-refuses the
Governor-generalship, 147—his unfinished History of India, 148.


Fraser, Dr. W., his 'Chiefs of Grant' reviewed, 63.


Gairdner, James, his catalogue of State Papers relating to the divorce
of Catharine of Aragon reviewed, 89.

Gladstone, Rt. Hon. W. E., his speeches at Edinburgh, 566.

Grant family, review of Mr. Fraser's history of the, 63-genealogical
investigations, 64-possessions of the family in Strathspey, 67–
Lady Lilias Murray, wife of John Grant, fifth laird of Freuchie, 68
-notice of her by Taylor the Water Poet, 69-her poems, 70-her
son Sir John Grant and his lawsuits, 70-a journey to Edinburgh,
71-a document touching the raid of Gilliechrist, 73-James
Grant, seventh laird of Freuchie, 74—the Scottish aristocracy of the
seventeenth century, 76-Ludovick Grant, first laird of Grant, 77—
Simon Lord Lovat's correspondence, 78-his courtship and mar-
riage of Ludovick's daughter, 81-Brigadier Grant cashiered, 84—
acquisition of the earldom of Seafield by the Grant, 85-account
of the election of a Scotch parish minister in 1547, 86-the wadset
land-tenure, 87-the tack, or lease, 88.

Groth, Klaus, review of his poems and of his letters on the German
dialects, 377.


Heffter, A. G., his work on International Law reviewed, 254.
Hickson, Mary, her work on the Irish Massacres reviewed, 490.
House of Lords, reform of, 573-Its value as a Second Chamber, 583


International Law, review of Herr Heffter's treatise on, 254-the
question of completely exempting all private property from capture
at sea, 257-laws relating to prizes, 261-recaptures, 262-destruc-
tion of hostile captures, 262-blockades, 263-the problem of what
constitutes contraband, 266-guerillas and francs-tireurs, 268-
privateering, 269-prohibited agents of destruction, 270-employ-
ment of savage allies, 270-care of an enemy's sick and wounded,
271-violation of parole, 271-confiscation of an enemy's debts,
272-pacific blockades, 273-requisitions, 274-what kinds of pro-
perty should be exempt from confiscation, 275-rights of neutrals,
276-equipment by neutrals of belligerent ships, 278-an American
repudiation of the Three Rules, 279-the slave trade, 280-emigra-
tion to foreign countries, 282-extradition, 283-diplomatic privi-
leges, 285.

Irish Massacres, review of Miss Hickson's work on the, 490-causes
of misfortunes of Ireland, 490-rebellion of 1641, 491-Mr. Froude's
remarks on the evidence, 492-Curry's history and Hallam's opinion
of it, 493-conflicting accounts, 494-contemporary evidence, 495
-the Ulster Plantation, 495-causes of the insurrection religious
rather than agrarian, 497-depositions of witnesses, 500-Ranke on
the motives of the massacres, 515-extent of the slaughter, 517-
retribution, 518-Cromwell's avenging campaign, 519-inquiry
before civil tribunals, 521-confiscation in three provinces, 522-
lasting evils of the civil war, 523.




Johnston, H. H., his work on the river Congo reviewed, 151.


Lefevre-Pontalis, M., his Life of John de Witt reviewed, 424.
Lightning conductors, review of works relating to, 32-early investi-
gations of Franklin, 32-the kite experiment, 35-effects of the
lightning on one of his rods, 36-Gay-Lussac's report, 37-M.
Pouillet's reports, 39-Snow Harris's plan for protecting ships, 42
-Professor Melsens's multiple-rod system as carried out at the
Brussels Hôtel de Ville, 43-the Meteorological Society's Lightning-
rod Committee, 46-report of the London Conference, 47-influ-
ence of length on the efficacy of conductors, 48-conductivity of gal-
vanised iron, 49-testimonies to M. Melsens's system, 51-Colonel
Parnell's retrograde scheme, 52-the accident to the spire of Chichester
Cathedral, 53-inefficient lightning-rods, 55-duty of an electrical
engineer, 56-necessity of good earth-contact, 57-examples of
accidents with gaspipes, 58-danger from telegraph and telephone
wires, 60-testing by the differential galvanometer, 62.


Malmesbury, Earl of, review of his memoirs, 393-his connexion with
the Derby administration, 394-introduced to Queen Hortense and
Louis Napoleon, 395-his political career, 395-his family connexions,
397-his life in the Highlands, 398-visits Louis Napoleon at Ham,
399-advocates Protection, 402-his conduct of foreign affairs, 406
-dines at the Tuileries, 421-visits the ex-Emperor of the French
at Chislehurst, 422-his views on the Second Empire, 423.
Maurice, Frederick Denison, contrasted with Arthur Stanley, 190—
condition of his mind on taking orders in the English Church, 193-
his views on subscription, 195-disappoints the High Church party,
196-his misconception of the Liberal party as being anti-theologi-
cal, 197-why the clergy fail to influence the masses, 201-influence
of his teaching on the Oxford movement, 204-his assumptions with
regard to the historical books of Scripture, 205-want of sympathy
with Dean Stanley's historical method, 208-strange use of terms,
210-controversial peculiarities, 211-his defence of the Athanasian
Creed, 212-the controversy with Mr. Mansel, 214-his scheme of
Christian socialism, 218-his one work in life, 222-his character,
Merivale family, Memorials of the, by Miss Merivale, 545-origin of
the name, 557-John Henry Merivale, 546-Samuel Merivale, 547
-leaves the Baptists and becomes a Presbyterian, 548-his Uni-
tarian leanings, 548-his 'plain living and high thinking,' 550—
marries a lady of fortune, 551-diversity of his literary tastes, 553
-John Merivale, 554-his disinclination for the ministry, 554-
succeeds to a fortune, 554-his wife's relatives, the Katenkamp
family, 554-political principles of the Merivales, 559-Mr. John

Merivale's political connexions, 561-Mr. Herman Merivale, 563-
Lord Lytton's eulogy of his attainments, 565.
Mountain Observatories, 351-the 'Lick Observatory,' United States,
353-Peak of Teneriffe, 357-Guajara, 357-Calt on Hill, Edinburgh,
357-Sherman, United States, 362-Mount Whitney, Sierra Nevada,
363-Mount Etna, 368-Pic du Midi observatory, Pyrenees, 370-
La Paz, Bolivia, 371-Puno, Andes, 372-Lake Titicaca, 373-
Vincocaya, 375-Ben Nevis, 375-Pike's Peak, Colorado, 376.


Pope, Alexander, Works of, 295-his detractors and admirers, 295-
Sainte-Beuve's sympathetic estimate of him, 296-Pope's editors,
296-Macaulay's view of Pope's character, 298-Mr. Courthope's
estimate, 298-Pope's poetical characteristics, 300-his claim to
correctness of style, 301-his biographers, 303-his birth and
parentage, 303-his childhood, 304-his education, 305-the 'Ode
to Solitude,' 306—his earliest patron, 307—his Catholic connexions,
307-the 'Pastorals,' 309-the Essay on Criticism,' 311- Wind-
sor Forest,' 313-the 'Rape of the Lock,' 314-Eloisa to Abelard,'
320-his translation of Homer, 322-his circle of friends, 324-
Caryll's collection of Pope's correspondence, 327-the 'Dunciad,'
333-the Essay on Man,' 336-the 'Moral Essays,' 339-the
'Horatian Imitations,' 345-his party spirit, 349-his death, 350-
his character, 350.

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Reform, Parliamentary, present position of the question, 566-
changes in our Parliamentary institutions in the past fifty years, 568—
danger of coercive demonstrations, 569-recent exhibitions of feel-
ing against the House of Lords, 571-the question of the necessity
of an hereditary chamber, 573-can we govern with a single
chamber? 575-nature of the charges against the Lords, 581-
functions of a Second Chamber, 582-difficulty of suggesting any
substitute for the House of Lords, 584-reforms in the Upper
House, 589-courses open to the Government on the Reform ques-
tion, 591.


Spitta, Dr. Philip, his life of Bach reviewed, 225.


Vitrolles, Baron de, Memoirs of, 1-accepts marks of distinction and
favour from Napoleon, 4-joins Talleyrand's conspiracy, 5-violent
scene between the Emperor and Talleyrand, 6-De Vitrolles' mis-
sion to the allied camp, 7-Count Stadion's view of the military
situation contrasted with Napoleon's, 8-the allies reluctant to break
with Napoleon, 10-De Vitrolles' personal sketches, 12-conference
on the restoration of the Bourbons, 13-battle of Arcis-sur-Aube,
15-march of the allies on Paris, 16-Napoleon's generalship and
diplomacy, 17-insincerity of his negotiations, 18-De Vitrolles'
conversations with the Comte d'Artois, 19-the Comte's story of

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