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that word out, we here read of a glory exceeding aionion or eternal. The original is even more full than this. The literal rendering would be, "a glory exceeding eternal to an excess." In Heb. 7: 16, we read of an endless life; but we now here in the Bible read of endless death, of endless misery, woe or pain, nor of endless punishment, nor of an endless hell. In 1 Peter 1: 4, we read of “an inheritance incorruptible, undefiled, and that fadeth not away." In Isa. 25 8, and 1 Cor. 15: 54, we are told that "death shall be swallowed up in victory." And in 2 Cor. 5: 4, we read of mortality being "swallowed up of life." In 2 Tim. 1: 10, we read of "life and IMMORTALITY being brought to light by Jesus Christ;" but we nowhere read of immortal death and endless pain being brought to light by Jesus Christ, or any other person mentioned in the Bible. In 1 Cor. 15: 22, we are told that "as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive." Now, just as certain as Christ will endlessly exist, just so certain is it that all mankind will exist endlessly; for they are to be made alive in him. In 1 Cor. 15: 51, 52, we are told that all mankind shall be changed from “mortal to immortality;" and in verse 54 we are informed that "this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal immortality." These passages prove, beyond the possibility of a doubt, that the endless existence of mankind is taught in the Bible, irrespective of the application of olim, aion, and aionios, to that existence.
Such are all the objections to our views of these terms. Whether they are imperable or not, the reader can judge for himself.
BIBLE DOCTRINE OF JUDGMENT.
Those passages which show the Manner of, the Time when, and Place where, God judges his creatures.
-JUDGMENT signifies the sentence or decision of a
I. Law Dispensation. · judge or ruler.
1 Kings 3:28. And all Israel heard of the judgment which the king had judged; and they feared the king: for they saw that the wisdom of God was in him, to do judgment.
Deut. 16: 18-20. Judges and officers shalt thou make thee in all thy gates, which the Lord thy God giveth thee, throughout the tribes; and they shall judge the people with just judgment. Thou shalt not wrest judgment; thou shalt not respect persons, neither take a gift for a gift doth blind the eyes of the wise, and pervert the words of the righteous. That which is altogether just shalt thou follow, that thou mayest live, and inherit the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee.
Ps. 72: 1-4. Give the king thy judgments, O God, and thy righteous ness unto the king's son. He shall judge thy people with righteousness, and thy poor with judgment. The mountains shall bring peace to the people, and the little hills by righteousness. He shall judge the poor of the people, he shall save the children of the needy, and shall break in pieces the oppressor.
Deut. 32: 4. He the Rock, his work is perfect for all his ways are judgment: a God of truth, and without iniquity, just and right is he.
Ps. 9: 7, 8. But the Lord shall endure forever: he hath prepared his throne for judgment. And he shall judge the world in righteousness, he shall minister judgment to the people in uprightness.
Verse 16. The Lord is known by the judgment which he executeth: the wicked is snared in the work of his own hands.
Ps. 33: 4, 5. For the word of the Lord is right; and all his words are done in truth. He loveth righteousness and judgment: the earth is full of the goodness of the Lord
Ps. 89: 14. Justice and judgment are the habitation of thy throne mercy and truth shall go before thy face.
Ps. 199. The fear of the Lord is clean, enduring forever: the judg ments of the Lord are true and righteous altogether.
Ps. 119: 62. At midnight I will rise to give thanks unto thee, because of thy righteous judgments.
Verse 75. I know, O Lord, that thy judgments are right, and that thou in faithfulness hast afflicted me.
Verse 137. Righteous art thou, O Lord, and upright are thy judgments.
II. Gospel Dispensation.
Isa. 9: 6, 7. For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulders. Of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even forever. The zeal of the Lord of hosts will perform this.
Micah 5 2. But thou, Bethlehem Ephratah, though thou be little among the thousands of Judah, yet out of thee shall he come forth unto me that is to be Ruler in Israel; whose goings forth have been from of old, from everlasting.
Matt. 2: 6. And thou, Bethlehem, in the land of Juda, art not the least among the princes of Juda: for out of thee shall come a Governor, that shall rule my people Israel.
Luke 1: 32, 33. He (Jesus) shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father David. And he shall reign over the house of Jacob forever; and of his kingdom there shall be no end.
Isa. 42: 1-3. Behold my servant, whom I uphold; mine elect, in whom my soul delighteth; I have put my spirit upon him he shall bring forth judgment to the Gentiles. He shall not cry, nor lift up, nor cause
his voice to be heard in the street. A bruised reed shall he not break, and the smoking flax shall he not quench: he shall bring forth judgment unto truth.
John 5: 22. For the Father judgeth no man; but hath committed all judgment unto the Son.
Verse 47. And hath given him (Christ) authority to execute judgment also, because he is the Son of man.
Acts 17: 31. Because he hath appointed a day in the which he will judge the world in righteousness, by that man whom he hath ordained; whereof he hath given assurance unto all men, in that he hath raised him from the dead.
Acts 10: 42. And he commanded us to preach unto the people, and to testify that it is he which was ordained of God to be the Judge of quick and dead.
III. This JUDGMENT, or decision, is in accordance with the works of the creature.
Matt. 16: 27. For the Son of man shall come in the glory of his Father with his angels; and then he shall reward every man according to his works.
Ps. 62: 12. Also unto thee, O Lord, belongeth mercy for thou ren derest to every man according to his work.
Rom. 23. And thinkest thou this, O man, that judgest them which do such things and doest the same, that thou shalt escape the judgment of God?
Verse 5. But after thy hardness and impenitent heart, treasurest up unto thyself wrath against the day of wrath, and the revelation of the righteous judgment of God.
Verse 6. Who will render to every man according to his deeds.
Rev. 20:13. And they were judged every man according to his works Rev. 23: 12. And, behold, I come quickly; and my reward is with me, to give every man according as his work shall be.
See also Sections I. and II., on Rewards and Punishments, in this work.
IV. Time when, and place where, God judges his creatures.
1 Chron. 16:12-14. Remember his marvellous works that he hath done, his wonders, and the judgments of his mouth; O ye seed of Israel, his servants, ye children of Jacob, his chosen ones. He is the Lord our God; his judgments are in all the earth.
Ps. 105: 7. He is the Lord our God: his judgments are in all the earth.
Ps. 58:11. So that a man shall say, Verily there is a reward for the righteous: verily he is a God that judgeth in the earth.
Eccl. 3: 16, 17. And moreover I saw under the sun the place of judgment, that wickedness was there; and the place of righteousness, that iniquity was there. I said in mine heart, God shall judge the righteous and the wicked for there is a time there for every purpose and for every work.
Isa. 42: 4. He shall not fail nor be discouraged, till he have set judgment in the earth: and the isles shall wait for his law.
Isa. 26 9. For when thy judgments are in the earth, the inhabitants of the world will learn righteousness.
Jer. 9: 24. But let him that glorieth, glory in this, that he understandeth and knoweth me, that I am the Lord which exercise loving kindness, judgment, and righteousness, in the earth: for in these things I delight, saith the Lord.
Jer. 23 5. Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a king shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth.
Ezek. 21: 30. I will judge thee in the place where thou wast created, in the land of thy nativity.
Dan. 7:10. The judgment was set, and the books were opened.
John 9: 39. And Jesus said, For judgment (krima) I am come into this world; that they which see not, might see, and that they which see, might be made blind.
Matt. 12: 20. A bruised reed shall he (Christ) not break, and smoking flax shall he not quench, till he send forth judgment unto victory. Prov. 11 31. Behold the righteous shall be recompensed in the earth: much more the wicked and the sinner.
John 16: 7-11. Nevertheless, I tell you the truth; it is expedient for you that I go away: for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you; but if I depart, I will send him unto you. And when he is come, he will reprove the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment (kriseos); of sin, because they believe not on me of righteousness, because I go to my Father, and ye see me no more: of judgment (kriseos), because the prince of this world is judged.
John 12: 31. the prince of this Rom. 14: 10. But why dost thou judge thy brother? or why dost thou set at nought thy brother? for we shall all stand before the judgment-seat (bemati) of Christ.
2 Cor. 5: 10. For we must all appear before the judgment-seat (bematos) of Christ; that every one may receive the things done in his body, according to that he hath done, whether it be good or bad.
1 Peter 4: 17. For the time is come that judgment (krima) must begin at the house of God: and if it first begin at us, what shall the end be of them that obey not the gospel of God?
Rev. 14:6, 7. And I saw another angel fly in the midst of heaven having the everlasting gospel to preach unto them that dwell on the earth and to every nation, and kindred, and tongue, and people, saying with a loud voice, Fear God, and give glory to him: for the hour of his judgment (kriseos) is come; and worship him that made heaven and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of water
Now is the judgment (krisis) of this world: now shah
Sundry passages of the NEW TESTAMENT speaking of Judgment.
Matt. 5:21, 22. Whosoever shall kill, shall be in danger of the judg ment (krisei): but I say unto you, that whosoever is angry with his brother without a cause, shall be in danger of the judgment (krisei); and whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be in danger of the council; but whosoever shall say, Thou fool, shall be in danger of hell-fire. (Gehenna.. puros.)
Matt. 72. For with what judgment (krimati, etc.) ye judge ye shall be judged.
Matt. 12: 18. And he (Christ) shall show judgment (krisin) to the Gentiles.
Verse 41. The men of Nineveh shall rise in judgment (krisei) with this generation, and shall condemn it.
Verse 42. The queen of the south shall rise up in the judgment (krisei) with this generation, and shall condemn it.
Luke 11: 31, 32. The same.
Acts 24: 25. And as he (Paul) reasoned of righteousness, temperance, and judgment (krimatos) to come, &c.
Rom. 1:32. Who, knowing the judgment of God
Rom. 5:16. And not as it was by one that sinned, so is the gift: for the judgment (krima) was by one to condemnation (katakrima); but the free gift is of many offences unto justification.
Verse 18. Therefore, as by the offence of one judgment came upon all men to condemnation.
Rom. 11: 33. How unsearchable are his judgments (krimata), and his ways past finding out!
2 Thess. 1 5. Which is a manifest token of the righteous judgment (kriseos) of God.
1 Tim. 5: 24. Some men's sins are open beforehand, going before to judgment (krisin); and some men they follow after.