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MISSISSIPPI. Jefferson Davis; John H. Quitman; Robert J. Walker. LOUISIANA. Jacob P. Benjamin; William C. C. Claiborne; George Eustis; John Slidell.

TEXAS. Samuel Houston; Roger Q. Mills; John A. Reagan. KENTUCKY. John Breckinridge; John C. Breckinridge; Benjamin N. Bristow; William J. Butler; John G. Carlisle; Cassius M. Clay; Thomas L. Crittenden; Richard M. Johnson; O. MacKnight Mitchell; John H. Morgan; John White; Linn Boyd.

TENNESSEE. George W. Campbell; John H. Eaton; David G. Farragut; Felix Grundy; Andrew Jackson; Andrew Johnson; Meriwether Lewis; Gideon J. Pillow; James K. Polk; Hugh L. White; Benj. McCulloch.

OHIO. Calvin Brice; Salmon P. Chase; Thomas Corwin; Jacob D. Cox; William Dennison; Thomas Ewing; James A. Garfield; Joshua R. Giddings; Ulysses S. Grant; R. B. Hayes; Irvin McDowell; William McKinley; John McLean; James B. McPherson; Montgomery C. Meigs; William S. Rosecrans; Phil. H. Sheridan; John Sherman; William T. Sherman; Allan G. Thurman; Clement C. Vallandigham; Benjamin F. Wade; Morrison R. Waite.

INDIANA. Schuyler Colfax; John W. Davis; W. H. English; William H. Harrison; Thomas P. Hendricks; Michael C. Kerr; Oliver P. Morton.

MICHIGAN. Lewis Cass; John H. King; Alex. Macomb; William H. Macomb; Return J. Meigs.

ILLINOIS. Stephen A. Douglass; John A. Logan; E. B. Wash


WISCONSIN. Cadwallader C. Washburne.

MISSOURI. Thomas H. Benton; Francis P. Blair; Montgomery Blair; B. Gratz Brown; Dred Scott; Joseph Smith.

IOWA. William B. Allison.

KANSAS. James Lane; Charles Robinson.

UTAH. Brigham Young.

CALIFORNIA. David C. Broderick; John C. Fremont; Leland Stanford.

§ 79. Example of a bibliographical report. The following report illustrates the system. The form of heading may be seen in § 82.

Elbridge Gerry. - Prepared by B. N. SIMPSON, '93.

Books devoted entirely to his Life.

1828- James T. Austin: The Life of Elbridge Gerry. College Library, 7324. 2 vols. 8vo. Boston. i, 1–520; II, 1–408.








Books devoted partly to his Life.


D. W. Belisle : History of Independence Hall. College Library,
12mo. New York. Chap. xxvi. (pp. 220-

N. Dwight: Lives of the Signers of the Declar-College Library, 7325.4.
ation of Independence. 12mo. New York.
pp. 58-66.

Charles A. Goodrich: Lives of Signers of College Library, 7322.4.
Declaration of Independence. 12mo. New

York. pp. 120-130.

R. W. Lincoln: Lives of Presidents.
New York.

8vo. Mass. State Library.

Benson John Lossing: Signers of the Declar- College Library, 7325.2. ation of Independence. 12mo. New York.

pp. 40-44.

John Sanderson: Biography of Signers of the College Library, 7325.3.
Declaration of Independence. 8mo. Phila-

delphia. viii, 7-77.

A. B. Woodward: Presidency of the United Library of Congress.
States. 8vo. New York.

Magazine Articles devoted to his Life.

June, James T. Austin, American Quarterly Review. College Library, D. R., 1828 III, 459-480. Philadelphia. lxxvi.

Jan. 1829

North American Review. Boston. xxviii, College Library, D. R.,
37-57. By Edward Everett.

Apr. Magazine of American History. xiii, 318. College Library,
By Martha J. Lamb.



Articles in Encyclopaedias devoted to his Life.


American Encyclopaedia. Philadelphia. v, College Library, D. R..


1887 Appleton's Cyclopaedia of American Biography. ii, 630-632. New York. Article by E. T. Gerry.

1859 Appleton's Encyclopaedia.


328.1. College Library, D. R., 382.2.

viii, 227. New College Library, D. R.. 326.1. 1 column.


Articles on Features of his Life.

Political Tracts. Boston. (Article on Gerry- College Library, 7353.9.

Lalor's Cyclopaedia of Political Science. Chi-
cago. ii, 367-368 (article by Alexander
Johnston); iii, 1122–1123 (article on X. Y. Z.

18th division.

College Library, D. R., 338.1.

College Library, 5352.9.

College Library, 6393.1.

College Library, 5356.43.

Important Extracts from General Histories.

Richard Hildreth: History of the United 1856 States. New York. Vol. V, pp. 139–159, 250-259, 261-264.


H. Von Holst: Constitutional History of
the United States. Chicago. Vol. I, 138–

James Schouler: History of the United
States. Washington. Vol. I, 373-383 and



§ 80. Legislative special reports. [Cf. §§ 25f, 27g, 33f, 84g, 103.]

1. OBJECT. In this report, students will learn to use the records of the proceedings and debates of Congress, and will gain some knowledge of the procedure of that body.

2. SCOPE. To each student will be assigned some particular bill or act of Congress which he will be expected to follow through all its stages to its failure or its inclusion in the statutes. The report is to be a summary history of the bill from its first introduction to the final action of the President, including any proceedings on a veto. To this is to be added a statement of the purport of the bill, and a very brief resumé of the principal arguments for and against it.

3. AUTHORITIES. (See also Guide, § 29.) The following are the authorities to be consulted:

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excellent set in Bates Hall, Boston Public Library, and a set of the Globe and Record since 1853 in the Evans Library. (See §§ 7, 41, 43.)

4. AIDS. There is a very poor index in the volumes in the older records of debates; and an elaborate index in late issues of the Congressional Record. The Journals are better indexed, and a bill may easily be followed in them by its number. By following out the Journal page numbers, one may find the dates when the bill was considered. Through the dates and through the index to the Annals,

Globe or Record, the debate may be traced. John G. Ames, Finding List, and Church and Smith Tables, and other indexes (Guide § 29) are also useful. All the sets are to be used by their indexes of subjects, speakers and bills.

5. METHOD. The manner of doing the work is left to each student. A very convenient system is to use loose sheets, one for each stage of the bill; then the sheets, arranged in chronological order, will form the basis of a chronological account.

For the analysis of the discussion another set of loose sheets may be used, one for each important argument; by going through the debate, and noting a reference to each particular point, on its appropriate sheet, the student will have a body of classified references; he can then go back and read the best speeches under each head, and from them make up his abstract of the argument.

6. ARRANGEMENT. Much stress is laid on an orderly and cogent arrangement of the report, so that it may be easy to follow it, and to distinguish its various parts.

7. REFERENCES. Exact references must appear, both to the Journals and to the records of debate on each point. Otherwise no credit will be given.

§ 81. Legislative subjects. The following are a few acts selected to show the general scope of the subjects chosen for legislative reports:

ADMISSION OF EACH STATE INTO THE UNION. From Vermont in 1791 to Utah in 1895; thirty-two in all. See Guide § 47.

TARIFFS. The tariff acts of 1789, 1816, 1824, 1828, 1832, 1833, 1846, 1857, 1861, 1883, 1890, 1894. It should be noted that the later tariff acts are too complicated and there is too much discussion on them to make them suitable subjects for reports.

RECONSTRUCTION ACTS from 1865 to 1871.

ACTS CREATING DEPARTMENTS. State, war, treasury and justice 1789-90; navy, 1798; interior, 1849.; post-office, 1789; agriculture, 1890.

ACTS RELATING TO SLAVERY. Resolutions of 1790; fugitive slave act, 1793; slave trade act, 1807; piracy act, 1819; Missouri Compromise, 1820; Post-office bill, 1836; California act, 1850; Texas act, 1850; Utah bill, 1850; fugitive slave act, 1850; District of Columbia act, 1850; Kansas-Nebraska act, 1854; the Lecompton Bill, 1858; English act, 1858; territorial slavery act, 1862; emancipation act, 1862; thirteenth amendment, 1865.

APPROPRIATION ACTS. In any year one of the following approIriation bills: consular and diplomatic, agricultural department, army,

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pension, Indian, post-office, legislative, executive and judicial, naval, fortification, deficiency, urgent deficiency.

IMMIGRATION ACTS. Contract labor act, 1867; Chinese indemnity act, 1867; alien labor, 1891; Chinese immigration, 1884; contract labor act, 1887; Chinese indemnity act, 1887; Chinese exclusion act, 1888; Chinese registration act, 1891; Chinese immigration act, 1892.

COINAGE ACTS. The acts of 1792, 1834, 1873, 1879, 1890,


§ 82. Example of a legislative report. The following report was submitted by a student in 1894. On many bills the proceedings are more interrupted by amendments; and the debate takes a wider range. The details of the argument might perhaps be improved, but the report appeals to the eye by its excellent analysis.

U. S. HISTORY (13):-SPECIAL REPORT NO. 2;-1894-95.

Mr. A. F. Stevenson.

Class, 1895.

Record, No. 193).


Overdue reports received only through the Recorder.

Important referen- Please investigate the above subject, and

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Cong. Rec., 474;
H. Jour., 196;

House Reports,


A. History of the Bill.

I. House.

Mr. Willis from the Committee on Rivers Jan. 8. and Harbors reported a bill (H. R. 10419.) making appropriations for the construction, preservation, and repairs of certain works on Rivers and Harbors for the fiscal year ending June 30th, 1888, and for other purposes"; which was read a first and second time, ordered to be printed and recommitted to the committee.

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