I HAD hoped to publish the present Part several months ago, as promised, but found this impossible. It has unexpectedly required more personal labour than any of its predecessors, as may be surmised from the fact that it is enlarged to full double the matter contained in the parallel portion of the original work. There are certainly not twenty consecutive lines without correction, and a larger proportion of additional articles are inserted than heretofore; in verification of which I invite attention to the following articles: PAINE, Thomas; PALEY, William; PALGRAVE, Sir Francis; PANIZZI, Antonio; PARLIAMENT ; PARR, Dr. Samuel; PARSONS, Robert; PASCAL, Blaise ; PATRICK, Symon; PEARSON, John; PENNANT, Thomas; PENTATEUCH; PERCIVALL, William; PETRARCH; PETTY, Sir William; PHILLIPPS, Sir Thomas; PINDAR; PLATO; PLAYS; PLUTARCH; POETS; POLWHELE, Richard; POPE; PRAYER; PRIESTLEY, Joseph; PRIMER ; PROCESSIONALE; PROVINCIAL SLANG; PRYNNE; PSALMS; PUGIN; PURCHAS; PUSEY, Edw.; QUAKERS; QUARLES; QUINCEY, DE; RAFFAELLO; RALEIGH, Sir Walter; RAPIN; RAY, John; RECORDS, Public.

The supplemental pages devoted to LORD MACAULAY are, as will be seen, an afterthought, arising from accidental circumstances. Although literary anecdota are not immediately within the scope of the present undertaking, I could not resist the pleasure of preserving an interesting scrap of a writer so universally esteemed. The article on DE QUINCEY is thrust into this Part, out of what is strictly its proper place, rather than omit it altogether. This has arisen in consequence of my original plan having been to limit all additions to the pegs previously provided by Lowndes; and he happened to omit De Quincey, although the "Confessions of an Opium-Eater" had been printed and become popular within his time. I soon found it desirable to abandon this exclusive plan, and in the later letters have introduced most writers of mark who commenced their literary career before 1834.

And here I will take leave to advert to an individual piece of advice given in a contrary direction. An influential paper some time since admitted a paragraph into its pages, in which it is



suggested that my edition of Lowndes would be more acceptable to the "students of our early literature," if it were restricted to books published before the time of Queen Anne-the avowed object for such a curtailment being to make it" a handy manual." On this principle it would be necessary to omit Defoe, Addison, Swift, Pope, and a hundred other of our best English writers, as well as almost all the principal Voyages and Travels, English History, Topography, books of Science and the Fine Arts. Besides which, to follow out the scheme literally, I should have to exclude all modern editions of an early writer, so that there would be no mention of any edition of Shakspeare or Milton subsequent to 1702, when English criticism was in its infancy. Such a book would not entail a twentieth part of the trouble and expense which I now undergo, but I should be ashamed of the present condition of bibliography if I thought my subscribers would be satisfied with such a retrogression.

My endeavour has been to make a manual practically useful to book-buyers of every class, especially the literary student; and fifty years of active experience ought to enable me to form a correct judgment as to the right course. The price too of the complete work is so extremely moderate, counting on a large sale, that a selection of merely one fourth of the matter, which could only command a very small one, would probably cost quite as much. Take as an instance: a well-known literary antiquarian has recently printed a small number of copies of a dry list of the twenty quarto plays of Shakespeare, which is sold for about half a guinea. Now the whole of the matter contained in this halfguinea's worth (which by the by is substantially contained in the old Lowndes) will be incorporated, with considerable additions, in my next volume, and, reckoning the number of pages it is there likely to occupy, will cost less than two-pence.

The next Part will be published as speedily as due care permits, and will include very elaborate articles on Shakspeare and Swift. But this will not complete the work; for, unless a mere reprint of the old matter were adopted, it would be impossible to squeeze the remainder into so small a compass. My subscribers must therefore be prepared for a Ninth Part,—to nobody's regret more than my own.

Nov. 28, 1861.


MACAULAY, Thomas Babington [Right Honble. in 1846, and Lord in 1857].

(An index to the First, Second, and Third editions of vols. i. and ii. was pub lished separately in 1849, 8vo. at 1s. In the later editions it is included.)

Speeches corrected by himself. Lond. Longman, 1853, 8vo. 128.

Essay on Lord Byron and the ComiLond. Dramatists of the Restoration. 1853, (Travellers' Lib. part 40), 1s.-The same, with Speeches on Parliamentary Reform, 1 vol. 2s. 6d.

Under the impression that Lord Macaulay had published nothing previous to 1834, it was not intended to introduce a Speeches, Parliamentary and Miscellalist of his writings into the present al-neous. Lond. Vizetelly, 1853, 8vo. 2 vols. phabet; but it appears that he wrote and 16s.-Reissued, Lond. Clarke and Co. 2 published a political Jeu d'Esprit as early vols. bound in 1, 8vo. 10s. 6d. as 1826, and although it does not bear his name, its authenticity is undoubted. Having been favoured with perhaps the only copy preserved of this curious broadside, we gladly insert it, and make it the leader to his later and more important productions, which could not else be brought within our scope. It is given entire on a subsequent page. Speech at a Meeting of the Electors of Edinburgh. Edinb. 1839, 8vo. Lays of Ancient Rome. Lond. Longman, 1842, 8vo. 10s. 6d. With illustrations designed by George Scharf, engraved by S. Williams. Lond. Longman, 1847, sm. 4to. 17. 18.-1848 (and frequently since), sq. fcap. 8vo. 48. 6d. With Ivry and the Armada, 1860, sq. fcap. 8vo. 4s. 6d.

Critical and Historical Essays, contributed to the Edinburgh Review. Lond. Longman, 1843, 3 vols. 17. 16s.-Third edition, 1844, 8vo. 3 vols.-Sixth edition, 1846, 8vo. 3 vols.-Tenth edition, 1860, 3 vols. -New edition, in one volume, square small 8vo. 1860, 17. 18.- People's edition, 1860, 2 vols. (or 7 parts), crown Svo. 88.-Pocket edition, 1860, 12mo. 3 Vols. 17. 18.

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These Essays were first collected and pub. lished in a separate form in America (Philadelphia), 1842-4, 5 vols, 12mo.; and this edition contains several pieces which Mr. Macaulay did not think proper to republish in

his own.

The History of England from the accession of James the Second. Vols. i. and ii. (from 1685 to the Proclamation of William and Mary). Lond. Longman, 1948. 8vo. 2 vols. 17. 12s.-Sixteenth edition, 1860, 8vo. 2 vols. 17. 12s.

The History of England. Vols. iii. and iv. (from 1689 to 1697.) Lond. 1855, 8vo. 17. 16s.-New edit. 1860, 8vo. 2 vols. 17. 168.-New edition of the four octavo volumes, revised and corrected, Lond. 1857-8, in 7 vols. sm. 8vo. (at 6s. each) 21. 2s. This is known as "The Cheap Edition."

A fifth volume (compiled from his posthumous papers), completing the work to the death of William III.; with a copious Index to the entire work. Edited by Lady Trevelyan, Lond, Longman's, 1861, 8vo, 128.

Speeches on Parliamentary Reform, 1831-2. Lond, 1855. (Travellers' Library, part 52, 1s.)

Essay on Warren Hastings. Lond. 1855, sq. 16mo. (Travellers' Library, part 1) 18.

Essay on Lord Clive. (Travellers' Library, part 2) 1s. With Essay on Warren Hastings, 2s. 6d.

Essays on Leopold Ranke's History of the Popes, and Gladstone on Church and State. (Travellers' Lib., part 8) 1s. The same, with W. Pitt Earl Chatham, 2s. 6d.

Essay on William Pitt, Earl of Chatham. (Travellers' Lib. part 5), 1s.

Essays on the Life and Writings of Addison and Horace Walpole. (Travellers' Lib., part 13) 1s. The same, with Essay on Lord Bacon, 2s. 6d.

Essay on Lord Bacon. (Travellers' Lib. part 25) 18.

Frederick the Great. (Travellers' Lib. part 85) 18. The same, with Essay on Hallam's Const. History, 2s. 6d. Essay on Hallam's Constitutional His(Travellers' Lib., part tory of England. 95) 1s.

Essays on Dr. Samuel Johnson, and cn Piozzi's Anecdotes of Johnson. (Travellers' Lib., vol. 48) 2s. 6d.

Miscellaneous Writings; comprising his contributions to Knight's Quarterly Magazine; Articles in the Edinburgh Review, not included in his Critical and Historical Essays; Biographies written for the Encyclopædia Britannica; Miscellaneous Poems, and Inscriptions. Lond. Longmans, 1860, 8vo. 2 vols. portrait,

17. 58.

Biographies. (From the Encyclopædia
Edinb. A. and C. Black,
1860, 8vo. 10s. 6d. 12mo. 6s.

See Articles on Macaulay and his Writings, Blackwood, July and August, 1859; his Obituary, the "Times," Dec. 31, 1859, and the leading article; Athenæum, p. 18, 1860; Edinb. Rev., Jan. 1860.

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And now the day was come, whereon it behoved such knights as for love of the enchained princess were minded to encounter danger, to do battle against the champions of the Blue Magician. (1) So the Lists were set out, and proclamation made: and the Lady (2) was brought forth in her fetters, sad, but exceeding beautiful.

Two sounds from one tongue,
Two breaths from one lunge,
Two faces in one hoode,

Never wrought gaine ne goode. And these two knights rode three times round the lists, and none appeared to measure lance with them. Wherefore all that pitied the captive Princess, or hated the Blue Magician, shouted for joy and hope.

But the Blue Magician called unto him the foul fiend who on earth is called Bourbedji (5), his familiar imp, and said to him, 'Bourbedji, thou seest that he of the purple armour, and he of the two stools, will carry the day and set free the lady, unless order be taken, and that right soon. Now, therefore, go forth and find me a champion.' And Bourbedji went forth, and he spoke with all the knights that were under the spells of the Blue Magician, with the Knight of the Spinning-jenny (6), and the Knight of the Orange Peel (7); but they would not hearken to him. Then he went to the knight who lives on the Wold (8), and bears in his scutcheon the seven lean ears of corn, with his motto

Then rode into the lists two knights of gallant bearing and courteous demeanour. The first (3) was in purple armour, and on his shieldLet poor men starve, so there be he bare a wheat-sheaf and a broken chain, with this motto

'Liberte et Loyaute.'


For Peer and Bishop, Knight and Priest.'

Next came a knight in party-co- But neither would the Knight of loured armour (4), which changed the Seven Lean Ears comply; for its colour, like shot silk, according as he feared sore the prowess of the the sun shone upon it: for now purple knight. Now there lived was purple, and now again it was here a craven knight (9), that had blue. And his device was one fall-neither head to contrive, nor heart ing between two stools. And round to dare, nor tongue to utter, nor it was this scrollhand to execute aught gentle or

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him down and trampled upon him. And the crowd shouted and clapped their hands, and said, 'Glory to the Purple Knight! Accursed be the Blue Magician and his slaves!' And the ladies threw on the Purple Knight violets and lilies. But him of the blue they took, and stripped off his armour, and scourged him, and rolled him in tar, and

noble, that never came either in mellay of battle, or galliard of ladies. To him came Bourbedji and said, Brave Sir, the Blue Magician is sore bestead and if thou wilt do battle for him, thou shalt possess the Princess and her dowry. And that unknightly knight put on his armour. It was blue, and his device was a cock azure, with a tail argent; and round it was written-stuck over him white cock's fea

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And when the Blue Knight came to the lists, he saluted not the ladies, nor gave largess to the heralds, nor caracoled round the open space, nor gave any sign of good cheer and stout heart, as beseems gentle blood; but he lay on his horse like a miller's sack, and he looked like a thief that hath reached the last round of the ladder and the last stave of the psalm. And he bade Bourbedji have a leech in readiness; and he held his spear as if he wist not how to couch it.

But not so he of the purple armour; for he rode at the recreant knight right furiously, and smote

thers, and set him on an ass with his face to the tail, and bade him to return whence he came, lest worse should befall him. Now of this craven our history saith no more.

Then all the people took the Blue Magician, and broke his wand, and burned him at a great stake, for a wicked and fiendish sorcerer. And his ashes they sprinkled in the air. And the Princess was set free, and she espoused the Purple Knight and all that were there rejoiced; chiefly the Knights Templars of the Holy Temple (10), and that good and gentle Knight of the Frith (11), which had before loved and served the Princess, and which did now with great content deliver her to the Purple Knight.


(10) The Babingtons of Rothby Temple (Lord Macaulay's birth-place).




(11) J. París, Esq., late M.P. for the Borough of Leicester.

To complete the page, the Publisher takes leave to annex an unpublished letter, which contains some new information respecting Addison's papers in the Spectator.

Albany, December 24, 1855.

Dear Sir, I beg you to accept my warm thanks for your present of Addison, which is a valuable addition to my library. All that I have seen of it leads me to believe that you have rendered a real service to literature. Yet I am sorry to find that you have omitted some papers which were undoubtedly Addison's, though he did not own them. I mean particularly the Spectator, No. 623, the richest and broadest specimen of his humour. It is a little indelicate; and that, no doubt, was his reason for not claiming it. He also abstained from claiming No. 608, though most undoubtedly his, and one of his best, because he could not have avowed it without avowing also No. 623. If any person can doubt that both the papers are Addison's, either that person or I must be an exceedingly bad critic. With repeated thanks for your kindness, I beg you to believe me, dear Sir, H. G. Bohn, Esq.

Your faithful Servant, T. B. MACAULAY.

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