« VorigeDoorgaan »
Rom. 2:3. And thinkest thou this, O man, that judgest them which do such things and doest the same, that thou shalt escape the judgment of God?
Verse 5. But after thy hardness and impenitent heart, treasurest up unto thyself wrath against the day of wrath, and the revelation of the righteous judgment of God.
Verse 6. Who will render to every man according to his deeds.
Rev. 20: 13. And they were judged every man according to his works Rev. 23: 12. And, behold, I come quickly; and my reward is with me, to give every man according as his work shall be.
See also Sections I. and II., on Rewards and Punishments, in this work.
IV. Time when, and place where, God judges his creatures.
1 Chron. 16: 12-14. Remember his marvellous works that he hath done, his wonders, and the judgments of his mouth; O ye seed of Israel, his servants, ye children of Jacob, his chosen ones. He is the Lord our God; his judgments are in all the earth.
Ps. 105: 7. He is the Lord our God: his judgments are in all the earth.
Ps. 58:11. So that a man shall say, Verily there is a reward for the righteous verily he is a God that judgeth in the earth.
Eccl. 3: 16, 17. And moreover I saw under the sun the place of judgment, that wickedness was there; and the place of righteousness, that iniquity was there. I said in mine heart, God shall judge the righteous and the wicked for there is a time there for every purpose and for every work.
Isa. 42: 4. He shall not fail nor be discouraged, till he have set judgment in the earth: and the isles shall wait for his law.
Isa. 26: 9. For when thy judgments are in the earth, the inhabitants of the world will learn righteousness.
Jer. 9: 24. But let him that glorieth, glory in this, that he understandeth and knoweth me, that I am the Lord which exercise loving kindness, judgment, and righteousness, in the earth: for in these things I delight, saith the Lord.
Jer. 235. Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a king shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth.
Ezek. 21: 30. I will judge thee in the place where thou wast created, in the land of thy nativity.
Dan. 7:10. The judgment was set, and the books were opened.
John 9: 39. And Jesus said, For judgment (krima) I am come into this world; that they which see not, might see, and that they which see, might be made blind.
Matt. 12: 20. A bruised reed shall he (Christ) not break, and smoking flax shall he not quench, till he send forth judgment unto victory. Prov. 11 31. Behold the righteous shall be recompensed in the earth: much more the wicked and the sinner.
John 16: 7—11. Nevertheless, I tell you the truth; it is expedient for you that I go away for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you; but if I depart, I will send him unto you. And when he is come, he will reprove the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment (kriseos); of sin, because they believe not on me: of righteousness, because I go to my Father, and ye see me no more: of judgment (kriseos), because the prince of this world is judged.
John 12: 31. the prince of this
Now is the judgment (krisis) of this world: now sha world be cast out.
Rom. 14: 10. But why dost thou judge thy brother? or why dost thou set at nought thy brother? for we shall all stand before the judgment-seat (bemati) of Christ.
2 Cor. 5: 10. For we must all appear before the judgment-seat (bematos) of Christ; that every one may receive the things done in his body, according to that he hath done, whether it be good or bad.
1 Peter 4: 17. For the time is come that judgment (krima) must begin at the house of God: and if it first begin at us, what shall the end be of them that obey not the gospel of God?
Rev. 14: 6, 7. And I saw another angel fly in the midst of heaven having the everlasting gospel to preach unto them that dwell on the earth and to every nation, and kindred, and tongue, and people, saying with a loud voice, Fear God, and give glory to him: for the hour of his judgment (kriseos) is come; and worship him that made heaven and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of water
Sundry passages of the NEW TESTAMENT speaking of Judgment.
Matt. 5:21, 22, Whosoever shall kill, shall be in danger of the judg ment (krisei): but I say unto you, that whosoever is angry with his brother without a cause, shall be in danger of the judgment (krisei); and whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be in danger of the council; but whosoever shall say, Thou fool, shall be in danger of hell-fire. (Gehennapuros.)
Matt. 7:2. For with what judgment (krimati, etc.) ye judge ye shall be judged.
Matt. 12: 18. Gentiles.
And he (Christ) shall show judgment (krisin) to the
Verse 41. The men of Nineveh shall rise in judgment (krisei) with this generation, and shall condemn it.
Verse 42. The queen of the south shall rise up in the judgment (krisei) with this generation, and shall condemn it.
Luke 11: 31, 32. The same.
Acts 24: 25. And as he (Paul) reasoned of righteousness, temperance, and judgment (krimatos) to come, &c.
Rom. 1:32. Who, knowing the judgment of God
Rom. 5: 16. And not as it was by one that sinned, so is the gift for the judgment (krima) was by one to condemnation (katakrima); but the free gift is of many offences unto justification.
Verse 18. Therefore, as by the offence of one judgment came upon all men to condemnation.
Rom. 11: 33. How unsearchable are his judgments (krimata), and his ways past finding out!
2 Thess. 1 5. Which is a manifest token of the righteous judgment (kriseos) of God. 1 Tim. 5: 24. Some men's sins are open beforehand, going before to judgment (krisin); and some men they follow after.
Heb. 62. Of the doctrine of baptisms, and of laying on of hands, and of resurrection of the dead, and of eternal judgment (krimatos aionion). Heb. 9:27. And as it is appointed unto men (tois anthropois, the men) once to die, but after this the judgment (krisis).
Heb. 10 27. But a certain fearful looking for of judgment (kriseos) and fiery indignation, which shall devour the adversaries.
2 Peter 2: 3. Whose judgment (krima) now of a long time lingereth not, and their damnation slumbereth not.
Verse 4. For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to hell (tartarosas), and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment (krisin).
Jude 6. And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness, unto the judgment (krisin) of the great day.
Verse 15. To execute judgment (krisin) upon all.
2 Tim. 4: 1. I charge thee, therefore, before God and the Lord Jesus Christ, who shall judge (mellontos krinein, is ready to judge) the quick and the dead at his appearing, and his kingdom.
1 Peter 4: 5. Who shall give account to him that is ready to judge (krinia) the quick and the dead.
Rev. 15 4. For thy judgments are made manifest
The DAY of Judgment.
Matt. 10: 15. Verily I say unto you, It shall be more tolerable for the land of Sodom and Gomorrah in the day of judgment (kriseos), than for that city.
Matt. 11: 24. But I say unto you, That it shall be more tolerable for the land of Sodom, in the day of judgment (kriseos), than for you.
Verse 22. But I say unto you, It shall be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon, at the day of judgment (kriseos), than for you.
Matt. 12: 36. But I say unto you, That every idle word that men shall speak, they shall give account thereof in the day of judgment (kriseos).
Mark 6 11. Verily I say unto you, It shall be more tolerable for Sodom and Gomorrah in the day of judgment (kriseos) than for that city.
2 Peter 2: 9. The Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly out of temptations, and to reserve the unjust unto the day of judgment (kriseos) to be punished.
2 Peter 3: 7. But the heavens and the earth, which are now, by the same word are kept in store, reserved unto fire, against the day of judgment (kriseos) and perdition of ungodly men.
1 John 4: 17. Herein is our love made perfect, that we may have boldness in the day of judgment (kriseos); because as he is, so are we in this world.
On the Greek terms KRINO, KRISES, KRIMA, and their different forms, etc., rendered judge, judgment, condemned, condemnation, damned, damnation, etc., in the NEW TESTAMENT.
KRINO occurs as many as seventy-seven times in its different forms in the New Testament; and is rendered judge, judged, and
judging, sixty-two times; and once damned (2 Thess. 2: 12.) It is also rendered determined, decreed, ordained, concluded, esteemeth, called in question, sentence, condemneth, condemning, law, etc., in different places.
KRISES Occurs upwards of forty times, and is rendered about thirty times judgment, seven times condemnation, and twice damnation. See Matt. 23: 33; Mark 3: 29.
KRIMA Occurs about thirty times, and is rendered damnation eight times, judgment and judgments several times, condemned and condemnation about six times; and in 1 Cor. 6: 7, it is rendered go to law; and in Rev. 18: 20, avenged.
A Statement of Facts in relation to the Bible doctrine of JUDGMENT.
Much has been said and written respecting a supposed general judgment to take place at what is called the "end of time." It is called the “general judgment,” the "last judgment,” the “great judgment," the "judgment day," etc. But in the Bible, we nowhere find the phrase, general judgment, last judgment, or the great judgment expressed. It is true that God judges his creatures by established and just principles, in his own way and own time. He judged his ancient people, the Jews, by judges and rulers appointed for that purpose. God frequently visited various nations with judgments and calamities, destroying their cities, country, etc., as in the instances of Egypt, Idumea, Sodom, Gomorrah, Jerusalem and others. These visitations, when individually referred to in the Scriptures, are called "the judgment, the day of judgment," etc. But for us to arrive at correct conclusions in regard to the doctrine of judgment, it is only necessary that we set aside prejudice and preconceived opinions, and strictly observe the teachings of those scriptures where the doctrine is taught.
In the first place, it is necessary to understand the manner in which God judges his creatures. By observing those passages as arranged in Section I. of this Chapter, it will be found, firstly, that God, in appointing judges and rulers over the people, strictly enjoined it upon them to observe wisdom, and execute just judgment
in all their proceedings with the people. He commanded them to judge the people with righteousness, and the poor with just judgment; to speak peace to the people, and save the children of the poor and needy.
Goodness and mercy, truth and justice, are inseparably connected with the judgments of God. David says, Ps. 9: 7, 8, "But the Lord shall endure forever: he hath prepared his throne for judgAnd he shall judge the world in righteousness, he shall minister judgment to the people in uprightness." Verse 6, "The Lord is known by the judgment which he executeth: the wicked is snared in the work of his own hands." Ps. 33: 4, 5, "For the word of the Lord is right; and all his works are done in truth. He loveth righteousness and judgment: the earth is full of the goodness of the Lord." Ps. 119: 75, "I know, O Lord, that thy judgments are right, and that thou in faithfulness hast afflicted Verse 137, "Righteous art thou, O Lord, and upright are thy judgments."
The above shows the undeniable fact, that God's manner of judging his creatures is not arbitrary or revengeful; but that it is in kindness, and its only object the good of the creature.
In the second place, it is necessary to observe those passages which speak of the introduction of Christ into the world as Judge and Lawgiver. In these passages we find, not only the same spirit of goodness and justice manifested, but a higher degree of sympathy and kindness appears to exist between Christ as judge, and the people as subjects. Christ was to take possession of the throne of his father David, to reign over the house of Israel forever; and to execute justice and judgment in the earth.
Under the Gospel dispensation, Christ fully receives the responsibility of judging the Gentile world, in connection with all the earth; and is obligated to bring forth judgment unto victory. God, in establishing his Son as judge of the world, hath assigned to him a kingdom, in which he is to bear rule and acquit himself of all responsibility. See Section I., this Chapter. Also the phrases, Kingdom of God, etc., in this work.
In the third place, this judgment is to be executed in accordance with the works of the creature. Christ shall "judge every man according to his works." "Will render to every man according to his deeds," etc. See the passages in their proper place