into your Saviour. But if Jesus is not your Saviour, why should you be required to believe that he is? If he is not your Saviour, why should you be damned for believing that he is not? If he is not your Saviour, how can your believing that he is make him so ? If he is your Saviour, and you believe he is not, you believe a lie. If he is not your Saviour, and you believe he is not, you believe the truth. According to this theory, then, we are required to believe that which is false, in order to be saved; and, by believing that falsehood, we convert it into truth. Again, according to this theory. God saves us for believing a lie, and damns us for believing the truth.

If you ask the Universalist what you must believe in order to be saved, he will tell you to believe the Gospel. In the verse immediately preceding the text, our Lord says to his disciples, "Go ye into all the world and preach the Gospel to every creature." Then follows the text, "He that believeth," &c. He that believeth what? Evidently the Gospel, which the disciples were commissioned to preach to every creature. But he that truly believes in Jesus will of course believe his Gospel. Hence, the Universalist will tell you to believe in the Lord Jesus Christ, who is the propitiation "för the sins of the whole world; " who "tasted death for every man ;" and "who gave himself a ransom for all." He will tell you to believe in Jesus, who is the Saviour of the world; and to believe in God, "who is the Saviour of all men, especially of those that believe." He will tell you to believe that Jesus Christ is your Saviour; and to believe it, because it is true.

2. What is the nature of the salvation promised to the believer? We have already shown that it is a salvation from ignorance, darkness, unbelief and sin. Well, where is it to be experienced? Answer, in the place where, and at the time when, faith is exercised. This is abundantly proved in our remarks on salvation, and requires no further proof here.

3. What is the nature of the damnation threatened to the unbeliever? It is a sense of conscious condemnation, to be involved in ignorance of God's character; to be in the gall of bitterness, and in the bonds of iniquity; to be involved in moral death, to be dead ir trespasses and sins, and to be without hope and without God in the world. Well, where is this damnation to be experienced? Like the salvation of the believer, the damnation of the unbeliever must

be experienced in the place where, and at the time when, mankind are unbelievers. Again, how long must this damnation be experienced? Answer, just as long as the unbelief continues, and no longer. Perhaps one-half or more of the believers in Christ now were once unbelievers. Paul himself was once a noted unbeliever, and while he was so he was damned. This is sufficiently evident from the feelings and disposition which he manifested. No man can possess the Pharisaic, bigoted and murderous disposition of Saul of Tarsus, without being damned. That man is sufficiently damned who can harbor such feelings in his bosom. While Paul was an unbeliever, therefore, he was damned; but the moment he exercised faith in the Gospel, that moment his damnation ceased. Now, as we have shown that God's will is that all men shall be saved, and come unto the knowledge of the truth; when that will is accomplished, there will be no unbelievers among men, for all shall know God from the least unto the greatest. Unbelief, which is the cause of damnation, will be removed; and damnation, which is the effect, will cease with the cause that produced it. Dr. Campbell says on this text, that the word damned "is not a just version of the Greek word. The term damned, with us (he says), relates solely to the doom which shall be pronounced upon the wicked at the last day. This cannot be affirmed, in truth, of the Greek katakrino, which corresponds exactly to the English word condemn." To the same import is the testimony of Horne, Cappe, and others.




Those passages which show the case of Judas.

Acts 1: 16-20. Men and brethren, this scripture must needs hav been fulfilled, which the Holy Ghost, by the mouth of David, spake before concerning Judas, which was guide to them that took Jesus. For he was numbered with us, and hath obtained part of this ministry. Now this man purchased a field with the reward of iniquity; and, falling headlong, he burst asunder in the midst, and all his bowels, gushed out. And it was known unto all the dwellers at Jerusalem, insomuch as that field is called in their proper tongue Aceldama, that is to say, the field of blood. For it is written in the book of Psalms, Let his habitation be desolate, and let no man dwell therein; and his bishopric let another take.

Ps. 41 9. Yea, mine own familiar friend, in whom I trusted, which did eat of my bread, hath lifted up his heel against me.

John 13: 18. I speak not of you all; I know whom I have chosen but that the scripture may be fulfilled, he that eateth bread with me hath lifted up his heel against me.

Matt. 26: 24. The Son of Man goeth, as it is written of him; but woe unto that man by whom the Son of Man is betrayed! it had been good for that man if he had not been born.

Mark 14: 21. The Son of Man indeed goeth, as it is written of him: but woe to that man by whom the Son of Man is betrayed! good were it for that man if he had never been born.

John 17: 12. While I was with them in the world, I kept them in thy name: those that thou gavest me I have kept, and none of them is lost but the son of perdition; that the Scripture might be fulfilled.

Acts 1 25. That he may take part of this ministry and apostleship, from which Judas by transgression fell, that he might go to his own place. John 6: 70. Jesus answered them, Have not I chosen you twelve, and one of you is a devil?

Matt. 26 14-16. Then one of the twelve, called Judas Iscariot, went unto the chief priests, and said unto them, what win. ye give me, and I will deliver him unto you? and they covenanted with him for thirty pieces of silver. And from that time he sought opportunity to betray him.

Verses 47-50. And while he yet spake, lo, Judas, one of the twelve, came, and with him a great multitude, with swords and staves, from the chief priests and elders of the people. Now he that betrayed him gave them a sign, saying, Whomsoever I shall kiss, that same is he; hold him fast. And forthwith he came to Jesus, and said, Hail, Master; and kissed him. And Jesus said unto him, Friend, wherefore art thou come? Then came

they and laid hands on Jesus, and took him.

And supper being ended [the devil having now put into
Iscariot, Simon's son, to betray him].

John 13: 2.
the heart of Judas
Verses 26, 27. Jesus answered, He it is to whom I shall give a sop, when
I have dipped it. And when he had dipped the sop, he gave it to Judas
Iscariot, the son of Simon. And after the sop, Satan entered into him.
Then said Jesus unto him, That thou doest, do quickly.

Matt. 27: 3-5. Then Judas, which had betrayed him, when he saw that he was condemned, repented himself, and brought again the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and elders, saying, I have sinned, in that I have betrayed the innocent blood. And they said, What is that to us? see thou to that. And he cast down the pieces of silver in the temple, and departed, and went and hanged himself.


Closing Remarks, and a Statement of Facts concerning Judas

People who have been trained to a belief in the doctrine of endless misery are in the habit of referring to the case of Judas to prove the truth of their doctrine. But we ask them candidly to consider, first, the object and end of Christ's mission on earth; the object of which is universally acknowledged to be the salvation of man from sin and death. Could Christ have accomplished that end, without yielding up his life, in sacrifice, on the cross? And could he have been delivered up and crucified, without the proper means to effect it? Certainly not. And if God purposed to save man by the death of his Son, did he not also determine the means by which his death should be brought about? See Acts 4: 26-28. "The kings of the earth stood up, and the rulers were gathered together against the Lord and against his Christ. For of a truth, against thy holy child Jesus, whom thou hast anointed, both Herod and Pontius Pilate with the Gentiles, and the people of Israel, were gathered together

for to do whatsoever thy hand and thy counsel determined before to be done." See also Acts 2: 23. "Him (Christ) being delivered by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God, ye have taken, and by wicked hands have crucified and slain." From these facts we learn, that the whole process of the delivering up, the counsel, and death of Christ, were all previously determined by the hand and counsel of God. Can we, then, suppose that any part of it could have been subverted or set aside by man? Or can we conclude that Judas must be endlessly miserable, for being instrumental in the accomplishment of that end, which God had designed? Certainly not. Peter says, "Him being delivered by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God." Judas delivered him up to the counsel of the Jews; of course, the act which Judas performed was determined of God. Now, to suppose that Judas must be made miserable without end, miserable without the means of reforming from the error of his ways; for that which must have been performed, or God's purposes baffled, and the world lost! we think is darkening to the character of God, and degrading to his purposes. Could either of the disciples have viewed the purpose and plan of God, in saving the world, in its proper light; and, seeing no one to step forward as a means, he had volunteered his services as a means in that fearful tragedy, would he not rather have immortalized than degraded his name? But, as we have no probable evidence that the above was the case with Judas, we must suppose him to have been influenced by some other motive, which [equally effected the purpose of God, but] in its nature and operations greatly tended to blacken and degrade his character. But as God overrules means to effect his own purposes, and eventually superintended the great and memorable events with which Judas stood connected, does it not betray a weakness, and an unphilosophical mind in man, to say that God's purposes are so mystified, his plans so deranged, that he eventually. must, yea will, eternally damn any of his creatures for the part they may have acted in the drama of life? Does not God overrule all things for good? And will he not overrule even that event, for the ultimate good of Judas? Our Saviour, when upon the cross, prayed for the whole band of his murderers and offenders, saying, "Father, forgive them, for they know not what they do." Are not the prayers of our Saviour, all, eventually and effectually, answered Most certainly, if his own words be true. He says to his Father

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