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VOLTAIRE, Francis Marie Arouet de,-continued.
hending the Author, who took shelter with the Marchio-
ness du Châtelet. In this retreat he wrote his "Elements
of the Newtonian Philosophy," which was then but little
known in France. He also produced the plays of
"Alzira" and "Mahomet," which last was censured as
immoral and irreligious; but his "Merope," brought out
in 1743, was received with such applause that the poet
became a favourite at court, and was appointed gentleman
of the bed-chamber and historiographer of France. In
1746 he obtained admission into the Academy of Sciences,
on which occasion he broke through the old custom of
panegyrizing Cardinal Richelieu; but this innovation
created him so many enemies, that he retired to Luneville,
and did not return to Paris till 1749. The year following
he went to Berlin at the invitation of the King of Prussia,
who made him one of his chamberlains, and gave him a
pension. He had not, however, been long there before
he had a violent quarrel with Maupertuis, for which he
was ordered out of the Kingdom. He then purchased an
estate near Geneva, but soon quitted that neighbour-
hood on account of the disputes which raged in that
republic. He next fixed his residence at Ferney in Le
Pays de Gex, which village became very populous after
his settlement there, and numbers of Artists resorted
thither, particularly watchmakers, who carried on a large
trade under his auspices. At the beginning of 1778,
Voltaire visited Paris, where he was overwhelmed with
honors, the fatigue of which hastened his death on the
30th of May in that year. His remains were interred at
Sellices a Benedictine Abbey near Nogent. Different
accounts have been related of his behaviour in his last
sickness; but Trouchin, the Physician, asserted that the
furies of Orestes gave a faint idea of those of Voltaire.
His works are too multifarious to be enumerated here, and
too well known to need any particular obsrvations. The
Historical ones are the best.-Dict. Hist.
VOLTAIRE, Francis Marie Arouet de,-continued.
LETTERS concerning the ENGLISH NATION. By Mr. De
Voltaire. (The First four Letters are "On the Quakers.")
London, Printed for C. Davis in Pater-Noster-Row, and
A. Lyon in Lyon in Russel-Street, Covent-Garden.
Reprinted. The 2nd edition.
London: Printed and sold by T. Sowle Raylton aud Luke
Hinde,-also sold by P. Vaillant in the Strand; and H.
Whitridge, in Cornhill.
Dublin: by and for Isaac Jackson, at the Globe and Bible,
Translated into French.
Reprinted.-A New edition.
See my Catalogue of Friends' Books, vol. 2, page 152.
LETTERS addressed to His Highness The PRINCE of * * ***,
containing, Comments on the Writings of the most emi-
nent Authors, who have been accused of attacking the
Christian Religion. By M. VOLTAIRE,
London, Printed for T. Becket and P. A. De Hondt, in
8vo. 1768. 7
8vo. 1749. 81
8vo. 1745. 8
8vo. 1790. 21
Note. In this book (see p. 82) Voltaire says, "Wrongfully it is, that the
great Philosopher LOCKE, has been reckoned among the enemies to the
Christian religion. It is true, indeed, that his writings on Rational Chris-
tianity differ rather in some places from the common belief; but the
religion of those Primitives, called Quakers, which makes so.capital a
figure in Pennsylvania, is still more wide of Christianity; and yet they
are reputed Christians."
VOLTAIRE, Francis Marie Arouet de,-continued.
Dictionnaire Philosophique de Voltaire. Tome 7.
See an extract from the above (about Quakers) in "The Freethinking Chris-
tians' Quarterly Register," vol. 1, p. 407,
W. J., (Query, John Wigan ?)
The Greatest Light in the World, far exceeding the Light
of the Quakers.
Two LETTERS to a FRIEND, concerning the Distempers of
the Present Times.
London, Printed for Charles Brome at the Gun in St.
4to. 1686. 5
W. W[illiam,] a Pastor of some place in Derbyshire.
The Clergy's Legal Right to Tythes asserted. In a DISPUTE
between a CLERGYMAN and a QUAKER. By way of LETTER.
To which is Annexed, A Justification of the Divine Right.
In a Letter to H. G. Esq.; By the Author of the Serious
London, Printed for Rob. Clavel, at the Peacock in St.
GRATTON, John, of Monyash in Derbyshire.
The Clergy-Man's Pretence of Divine Right to Tythes Examined
and Refuted, being a Full Answer to W. W.'s Fourth Letter,
in his Book, Intituled, The Clergy's Legal Right to Tithes
asserted. To which he hath also annexed, A Justification of
the Divine RIGHT; erroneously so called. By John Gratton.
London, Printed and sold by T. Sowle in White-Hart-Court,
Reprinted in his Works, page 281.
WADE, Christopher, of Waterbeech near Cambridge.
Quakery slain irrecoverably, by the principal Quakers them-
selves, with a spiritual Sword of their own Forgery, whose
names are here under-written. Their spreading spiritual
Murder, cries up to Heaven for Justice, which appears
clearly in this Treatise. The Names of the twenty four
Quakers, who are found by their falseness to be Actors to
destroy Quakery root and branch, are, 1. James Nayler.
2. Iames Milner, the false Christ and false Prophet. 8.
Richard Huberthorn. 4. Christopher Atkinson. 5. James
Lancaster. 6. George Whitehead. 7. Thomas Simmonds.
8. Thomas Biddal. 9. John Barber. 10. John Sparrow.
11. Anne Blake. 12. George Fox. 18. Francis Howgill.
14. Edward Burroughs. 15. Alexander Parker. 16.
Thomas Aldam. 17. Anthony Person. 18. Gervice Benson.
19. Thomas Rawlinson. 20. Robert Rich. 21. Robert
Dring. 22. Leonard Fell. 23. Martha Simmonds. 24.
James Parnel. And herein is made apparent to publick
view, That these Twenty four Quakers, as a sample of the
rest, have manifested themselves to be amongst them
notorious lyers, foul-mouthed slanderers, cowardly back-
biters, dangerous equivocating seducers, &c.- Written
in love, as a fair forewarning, given to all tender-hearted
seeking-unsetled Christians, by Christopher Wade.
London, Printed for the Author. 4to. 1657. 8
WHITEHEAD, Geo. and GEO, Fox the Younger.
Truth Defending the Quakers and their Principles; or the
Answer of Truth to 55 Questions propounded to G. W. and
G. F.-By R. B.-With the integrity of the Innocent and the
Living Truth vindicated. In answer to C. Wade. 8vo. 1659.
FOX, George, Founder of the Society of Friends.
The Great MISTERY of the Great Whore unfolded, &c. (page 246).
To all those called QVAKERS, Even in the whole WORLD:
Who are even all of them, herein infallibly proved to be
condemned Pharisees, and odious Hypocrites, and also
that they all cannot possibly be any other but such
wicked deluding people, even so long as they do remain
in their Religion of Quakery; all which is even according
to our blessed Saviour Jesus Christ his own condemning
verbal censure by him passed upon them all, by sure
infallible marks, and Pharisaical personal practises, which
are even undeniably found, which is hereafter herein
firmly proved to be in them, and their quakish Religion,
in Luke 18. 8, 14. which doth also condemn all other
half-Quakers, Heretical Superstitious Legalists, who do
either in part, or in whole trust in themselves that they
are righteous. Written in love as a Caveat given to the
persons of all Quakers, and so also to the persons of all
other half-Quakers, or Heretical Superstitious Legalists:
And also in love, as a further forewarning given unto all
tender-hearted, seeking, unsetled Christians. BY CHRIS-
London, Printed for Samuel Speed at the Printing-Press
in St. Pauls Church-yard.
4to. 1659. 21
The Quakers Answers In their Conference, which they say
they have had, with the Kings Royal and Gracious Pro-
testant Majesty, Are very full of close hidden dissimula-
tion, and Treacherous Equivocations, For it appears, that
under a mask, they would seem to appear to be obedient
Protestants, also especially to our Royal and Gracious
Protestant King, whom God in his great mercy hath placed
over them here in safety, in his own rightfull inheritance
and Kingly Dominions, even against all his enemies. But
though they can so closely dissemble, yet their Quakish
Books are extant, which do abundantly proclaim them
openly to be, even of very certainty, of those Treacherous
Blasphemous Antichrists, who do bring in damnable
Heresies, denying the Lord that bought them; For it is
witnessed that they do say, that they are not such
fools, as to hope to be saved by that Jesus Christ
that died at Jerusalem 1600 years agoe: and whereas the
Holy Bible doth declare, that same Jesus to be the only
Saviour of men, it is also witnessed that they say that the
Bible ought to be burned; and thus apparently the Qua.
do totally destroy, even the whole foundation of all
Christian Religion, even root and branch, shewing, herein
how apparently they are led, will they, will they; also to
prove themselves to be of the Devil and not of Christ, and
no marvel for our blessed Saviour doth lovingly tell us,
That there shall arise false Christs and false Prophets, and
shall shew great signes and wonders (as the Quakers do)
insomuch that if it were possible they shall deceive the very
elect, take heed that no man deceive you, behold I have told
you before, Mat. 24.
Written by Christopher Wade in the
year 1660. this being my third Book by me held forth to all
against the Quakers.
London, Printed for the Author.
(At the end) From my house in Waterbeech neere Cambridge
in Anno. 1661. Laudate Dominum.
Note.-This book was written against Richd. Hubberthorn's "Something that
lately passed in Discourse between the King and R. H.-1660."
WADE, Thomas, of West-Dereham in Norfolk.
He signed a Certificate against Friends, at the end of "The
Quakers Challenge, &c.'
See EDWD. BECKHAM.
WADSWORTH, Thomas, M.A., Perpetual Curate of St. Lawrence Poultney, London. Fellow of Christ's College, Cambridge. Born in St. Saviour's, Southwark. He was so